Susarma, Susharma, Suśarmā: 5 definitions


Susarma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Suśarmā can be transliterated into English as Susarma or Susharma, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Suśarmā (सुशर्मा).—The King of the Trigartas. He was an ally of Duryodhana and brought an akṣauhiṇī division of troops to Kurukṣetra. He was very envious of Arjuna and was ultimately killed by Arjuna.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Suśarmā (सुशर्मा).—King of Trigarta deśa. The following information about him is gathered from Mahābhārata.

(i) Suśarman, son of Vṛddhakṣema attended Draupadī’s wedding. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Verse 9).

(ii) Once he incited Duryodhana to attack Matsya, the Virāṭa King. Accordingly Duryodhana attacked the Virāṭa city and Suśarman aided him in the battle. (Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 30).

(iii) In the battle that followed the lifting of the cows of the Virāṭa King by the Kauravas, Suśarman took the Virāṭa King as captive. (Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 33, Verse 7).

(iv) In the battle that followed the above incident Bhīma caught Suśarman as prisoner. (Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 33, Verse 25).

(v) At the instance of Yudhiṣṭhira Bhīma set Suśarman free. (Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 33, Verse 58)

(vi) Suśarman fought against the Pāṇḍavas and on the first day of the great war he fought a duel with Cekitāna. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 60).

(vii) Arjuna defeated Suśarman. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 82, Verse 1).

(viii) He fought with Arjuna, Bhīma and Dhṛṣṭadyumna. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 114; Droṇa Parva, Chapter 14).

(ix) He vowed that he would kill Arjuna. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 17, Verse 11).

(x) When Droṇācārya was killed, he ran away from the battle-field. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 193, Verse 18).

(xi) Arjuna killed Suśarman. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 27, Verse 45).

(xii) Names like Prasthalādhipa, Rukmaratha, Traigarta and Trigarta are used as synonyms of Suśārman.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Suśarmā (सुशर्मा) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.47.18, VI.112.28) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Suśarmā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Susarma (सुसर्म): King of Trigarta, a supporter of the Kauravas who backed the proposal to invade Matsya, Virata's country.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Suśarmā (सुशर्मा) is the wife of Kapila from Aruṇagrāma, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.5 [The kidnapping of Sītā] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly: “After he had crossed the Tāpī, as he advanced Rāma came to a village, Aruṇagrāma, situated on the border of that country. As Sītā was thirsty, Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa went to the house of Kapila, who maintained the agnihotra, and who was bad-tempered. His wife, Suśarmā, gave them each a seat and herself gave them fresh, cool water to drink”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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