Sushama, Suṣama, Suṣamā: 15 definitions
Sushama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Suṣama and Suṣamā can be transliterated into English as Susama or Sushama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Suṣamā (सुषमा) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., suṣamā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Susama (सुसम) refers to “one whose facial features are well-balanced”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, while describing the signs of one who is a Siddha: “His heart is uplifted and his nose and the rest (of his face) is well balanced [i.e., susama]. The sign of one who is well accomplished is that he is well behaved and he produces abundance. His foot is upraised and his thighs are broad, the forehead is well balanced. He is accomplished from a previous life and is Bhairava. His navel has three creases. His penis is small and auspicious. His body is straight and well proportioned. Such a one is accomplished from a previous life in the western (tradition). His nails are well proportioned and red. His hands bear the marks of elevation and his eyes are red. Such is an accomplished one in the previous lineage. His face is like a lotus and his hair is (tied up in a knot in the) foreign style. One who is such and is equal in pleasure and pain is part of the Siddha lineage”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)
Susama (सुसम) refers to one of the hundred types of Temples (in ancient Indian architecture), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—It is quite difficult to say about a definite number of varieties of Hindu temples but in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa hundred varieties of temples have been enumerated. For example, Susama. These temples are classified according to the particular shape, amount of storeys and other common elements, such as the number of pavilions, doors and roofs.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Suṣama (सुषम) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Suṣama] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Very lovely or beautiful, very pleasing.
2) Same; all.
-mā Exquisite beauty, great lustre or splendour; कुरबककुसुमं चपलासुषमम् (kurabakakusumaṃ capalāsuṣamam) Gītagovinda 7; सुषमाविषये परीक्षणे निखिलं पद्ममभाजि तन्मुखात् (suṣamāviṣaye parīkṣaṇe nikhilaṃ padmamabhāji tanmukhāt) N.2.27; Bv.1.26;2.12,74, 82;3.7.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) 1. Beautiful, handsome, pleasing. 2. Same, even, all. f.
(-mā) 1. Exquisite beauty. 2. Great refulgence. 3. A period of time peculiar to the Jainas, the second division of a large period, containing six such portions, and that in which steady happiness is enjoyed by mankind: (the word however more usually occurs written sukhamā, as derived from sukha pleasure.) E. su handsome, sama even, all, and the sa changed after this particle.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Suṣama (सुषम).—i. e. su-sama, I. adj. 1. Same, even. 2. Beautiful. 3. All. Ii. f. mā, Exquisite beauty.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Suṣama (सुषम).—1. [adjective] beautiful, splendid; [feminine] ā beauty.
--- OR ---
Suṣama (सुषम).—2. [neuter] a good year.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Suśama (सुशम):—[=su-śama] [from su > su-śaṃsa] m. Name of a man (cf. sauśami), [Siddhānta-kaumudī]
2) Suṣama (सुषम):—[=su-ṣama] [from su > su-ṣaṃsad] 1. su-ṣama mfn. very even etc. (= sama; cf. su-sama), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] very beautiful, splendid, [Pañcarātra]
4) [v.s. ...] easily intelligible, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) Suṣamā (सुषमा):—[=su-ṣamā] [from su-ṣama > su > su-ṣaṃsad] f. exquisite beauty, splendour, [Naiṣadha-carita; Bhāminī-vilāsa]
6) [v.s. ...] a [particular] plant, [Chandomañjarī]
7) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]
8) [v.s. ...] (with Jainas) the second Ara or spoke of a time-wheel in an Avasarpiṇī, and the fifth in an Utsarpiṇī (supposed to be a period in which continuous happiness is enjoyed by mankind; sometimes written su-khamā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] Name of a Surāṅganā, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension]
10) Suṣama (सुषम):—[=su-ṣama] [from su > su-ṣaṃsad] 2. su-ṣama n. a happy year, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]
11) Susama (सुसम):—[=su-sama] [from su > su-saṃyata] mf(ā)n. (cf. su-ṣama) perfectly level or smooth, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
12) [v.s. ...] well-proportioned, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra]
13) [v.s. ...] better than middling, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Suṣama (सुषम):—[su-ṣama] (maḥ-mā-maṃ) a. Beautiful, pleasing; same, even; all. 1. f. Exquisite beauty; a period of time peculiar to the Jainas.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Suṣamā (सुषमा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Susamā.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Suṣamā (सुषमा) [Also spelled sushma]:—(nf) beauty, exceptional prettiness, charm; ~[yukta] beautiful, pretty, charming.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Susamā (सुसमा) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Suṣamā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adjective] very even and smooth.
2) [adjective] very beautiful; splendid.
--- OR ---
1) [noun] exquisite beauty.
2) [noun] the quality of being auspicious.
3) [noun] (jain.) a period of time in which continuous happiness is enjoyed by mankind.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 15 books and stories containing Sushama, Suṣama, Susama, Suṣamā, Suśama, Su-shama, Su-śama, Su-sama, Su-ṣama, Su-ṣamā, Susamā; (plurals include: Sushamas, Suṣamas, Susamas, Suṣamās, Suśamas, shamas, śamas, samas, ṣamas, ṣamās, Susamās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Jain Remains of Ancient Bengal (by Shubha Majumder)
Jain Philosophy (Introduction) < [Chapter 1 - Introduction and Scope of the Present Study]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.4.242 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 2.1.314 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 3.27 - The rise (regeneration) and fall (degeneration) < [Chapter 3 - The Lower World and the Middle World]
Verse 3.29 - The duration of life in the other regions < [Chapter 3 - The Lower World and the Middle World]
Verse 10.9 - Thirteen types of questioning regarding liberated souls < [Chapter 10 - Liberation]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 2: Kumārapāla < [Chapter XII - Omniscience and wandering of Mahāvīra]
Part 8: Kṛṣṇa’s childhood < [Chapter V - Birth of Rāma, Kṛṣṇa, and Ariṣṭanemi]
Part 2: Divisions of time and description of the Golden Age < [Chapter II]