Shunyavada, Śūnyavāda, Shunya-vada: 11 definitions


Shunyavada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śūnyavāda can be transliterated into English as Sunyavada or Shunyavada, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shunyavada in Nyaya glossary
Source: A Critical Edition of the Khyāti Section of the Nyāyamañjarī

Śūnyavāda (शून्यवाद) refers to the “view that consciousness lacks corresponding objects”, as discussed in the Khyāti Section of the 9th century Nyāyamañjarī (composed in Kashmir by Bhaṭṭa Jayanta) which represents an ontological, epistemological and linguistic study of classical Indian philosophy.—The latter part (Nyāyamañjarī II 505.1-519.11), which also contains other discussions relevant to refuting Buddhist śūnyavāda or the theory of consciousness alone, is included in the ninth āhnika as a part of his refutation of Yogācāra theory. The theor y that Jayanta criticizes there is called vijñānādvaita (consciousness-monism) or śūnyavāda (the view that consciousness lacks corresponding objects). Note that the term śūnyavāda is used to refer to Yogācāra theory and not Mādhyamika theory; Kumārila uses it in the same meaning in the Śūnya chapter of his Ślokavārttika.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Shunyavada in Buddhism glossary
Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography (b)

Śūnyavāda (शून्यवाद) refers to one of the schools of philosophy in Buddhism.—[...] Thus there were three Yānas in Buddhism about 300 A.D. which may approximately be taken as the time of Asaṅga. But against these three Yānas there were four schools of philosophy in Buddhism, namely, the Sarvāstivāda (Sautrāntika), the Vāhyārthabhaṅga (Vaibhāṣika), the Vijñānavāda (Yogācāra), and the Śūnyavāda (Madhyamaka). How these four systems of philosophy were distributed amongst the three Yānas is one of the vital questions of Buddhism.

In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Śūnyavāda (शून्यवाद) is another name for Mādhyamika—one of the four schools of Buddhism, as occurring in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. I, P. 80, l 10]—Mādhyamika (or Śūnyavāda, Mādhyamikavāda, Nairātmyavāda) is the name of one of the four schools of Buddhism, the other three being (i) Sautrāntika, (ii) Vaibhāṣika (or Āryasamitīya or Sarvāstivāda) and (iii) Yogācāra (or Vijñānavāda). The Mādhyamika school domes reality of the ends, being (bhāva) and non-being (abhāva) and affirm it of the centre (madhya) only, which is neither being nor non-being but simply ‘śūnya’ or ‘emptyness’.

Source: International Journal of Jaina Studies: Haribhadra Sūri on Nyāya and Sāṃkhya

Śūnyavāda (शून्यवाद) refers to the “doctrine of emptiness (of the Mādhyamika Buddhists)”.—The Śāstravārtāsamuccaya by Haribhadra Sūri’s is not a compendium of philosophical systems (darśana) but a comprehensive account (samuccaya) of doctrinal (śāstra) expositions (vārtā/vārttā) or simply doctrines (vāda). The Śāstravārtāsamuccaya (also, Śāstravārttāsamuccaya) is subdivided into stabakas, chapters or sections, for example: Śūnyavāda—on the doctrine of emptiness of the Mādhyamika Buddhists

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shunyavada in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śūnyavāda (शून्यवाद).—m S The doctrine, or the maintaining of it, of nihility (non-existence of the universe).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śūnyavāda (शून्यवाद).—m The doctrine of nihility.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shunyavada in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śūnyavāda (शून्यवाद).—the doctrine of the non-existence of anything, the doctrine of a Buddhist sect.

Derivable forms: śūnyavādaḥ (शून्यवादः).

Śūnyavāda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śūnya and vāda (वाद).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śūnyavāda (शून्यवाद):—[=śūnya-vāda] [from śūnya > śū] m. the (Buddhist) doctrine of the non-existence (of any Spirit either Supreme or human), Buddhism, atheism, [Madhusūdana]

[Sanskrit to German]

Shunyavada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shunyavada in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śūnyavāda (ಶೂನ್ಯವಾದ):—[noun] the Buddhist doctrine of the non-existence of any spirit either Supreme or human.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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