Madhyamaka, Madhyamika, Madhyamikā, Mādhyamaka, Mādhyamika: 7 definitions

Introduction

Madhyamaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (M) next»] — Madhyamaka in Buddhism glossary
Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography (b)

Madhyamaka (मध्यमक) refers to one of the schools of philosophy in Buddhism.—[...] Thus there were three Yānas in Buddhism about 300 A.D. which may approximately be taken as the time of Asaṅga. But against these three Yānas there were four schools of philosophy in Buddhism, namely, the Sarvāstivāda (Sautrāntika), the Vāhyārthabhaṅga (Vaibhāṣika), the Vijñānavāda (Yogācāra), and the Śūnyavāda (Madhyamaka). How these four systems of philosophy were distributed amongst the three Yānas is one of the vital questions of Buddhism.

According to the Tattvaratnāvalī of Advayavajra (12th century A. D.):—“three are the Yānas, Śrāvakayāna, Pratyekayāna and Mahāyāna. There are four theories; Vaibhāṣika, Sautrāntika, Yogācāra and Madhyamaka. Śrāvakayāna and Pratyekayāna are explained by the theories of the Vaibhāṣikas. Mahāyāna is of two kinds: Pāramitānaya and Mantranaya. Pāramitānaya is explained by the theories either of Sautrāntika, Yogācāra or Madhyamaka. Mantranaya is explained by the theories of Yogācāra and Madhyamaka only”.

India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Mādhyamikā (माध्यमिका).—Barli Pillar inscription mentions an inhabitant of Majhimikā (Ski. Mādhyamikā). Majhimikā may safely correspond to modern Nagari in the Chitorgarh district in Rajasthan. The attribute śāli-mālinī in the Barli Pillar inscription possibly refers to the rice-fields that surrounded the town. At Mādhyamikā, as we find in the Mahābhārta, the people known as Vāṭadhanas had a settlement there.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Madhyamaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Madhyamaka (मध्यमक).—a. (-mikā f.)

1) Middle, middle-most.

2) Common (property &c.).

-kam The interior of anything.

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Madhyamikā (मध्यमिका).—A girl arrived at puberty, a marriageable woman.

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Mādhyamaka (माध्यमक).—a. (-mikā f.) [mādhyamika] a. (- f.) Middle, central.

-kāḥ (m. pl.)

1) Name of a people or their country in the central part of India.

2) Name of a Buddhist school; भगवत्पूज्यपादाश्च शुष्कतर्कपटूनमून् । आहुर्माध्यमिकान् भ्रान्तानचिन्त्येऽस्मिन् सदात्मनि (bhagavatpūjyapādāśca śuṣkatarkapaṭūnamūn | āhurmādhyamikān bhrāntānacintye'smin sadātmani) || Pañchadaśī 2.3.

See also (synonyms): mādhyamika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Madhyamaka (मध्यमक).—presumably = Mādhyamika, q.v., in °ka-ruci, one who favors the Māhārāṣṭrī school: kṛtir iyaṃ paṇ- ḍita-ma °rucer Dharmākaramateḥ Sādhanamālā 417.7 (colophon).

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Mādhyamika (माध्यमिक).—m., an adherent of the Buddhist school of this name: Mahāvyutpatti 5144. Cf. Madhyamaka (-ruci).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhyamikā (मध्यमिका).—f.

(-kā) A girl arrived at puberty, one in whom menstruation has commenced. E. madhyamā, kan added, in the fem. form.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhyamaka (मध्यमक).—[neuter] = madhya [neuter], kaṃ praviś enter.

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Mādhyamaka (माध्यमक).—([feminine] mikā) central.

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Mādhyamika (माध्यमिक).—[adjective] = [preceding]; [masculine] [plural] [Name] of a midland people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Madhyamaka (मध्यमक):—[from madhya] mf(ikā)n. middlemost, [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

2) [v.s. ...] common (as property), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) Madhyamikā (मध्यमिका):—[from madhyamaka > madhya] f. a marriageable woman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of the 2nd or middle Grantha of the Kāṭhaka (cf. mādhyamika)

5) Madhyamaka (मध्यमक):—[from madhya] n. the interior of anything (kam pra-√viś, to enter), [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

6) Madhyamika (मध्यमिक):—[from madhya] [probably] [wrong reading] for mādhyamika q.v.

7) Mādhyamaka (माध्यमक):—[from mādhya] mf(ikā)n. ([from] madhyama) relating to the middle region (id est. the atmosphere), [Nirukta, by Yāska]

8) Mādhyamikā (माध्यमिका):—[from mādhyamaka > mādhya] f. Name of the middle portion of the Kāṭhaka.

9) Mādhyamika (माध्यमिक):—[from mādhya] mfn. ([from] madhyama) = madhyamaka, [Nirukta, by Yāska] (also applied to a kind of cloth, [Patañjali])

10) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a Buddhist school, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 157; 159]

11) [v.s. ...] m. of a people in central India, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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