Saddha, Saddhā, Shaddha, Ṣaḍdhā: 16 definitions

Introduction

Saddha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṣaḍdhā can be transliterated into English as Saddha or Shaddha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsConviction, faith. A confidence in the Buddha that gives one the willingness to put his teachings into practice. Conviction becomes unshakeable upon the attainment of stream entry (see sotapanna).Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Saddha. An upasika of Savatthi. Thinking that to allow a monk to have intercourse with her would be the highest gift, she accosted a monk and offered herself. The offer was, however, refused. Vin.iii.39.

2. Saddha. One of Sakkas daughters. See the Sudhabhojana Jataka.

1. Saddha Sutta. A group of Satullapakayika Devas visit the Buddha and one of them speaks in praise of saddha. S.i.25.

2. Saddha Sutta. On the five advantages resulting from faith. A.iii.42.

3. Saddha Sutta. The perfect monk is he who has faith, virtue learning, is master of the dhamma, enters into the jhanas, etc. A.iv.314.

4. Saddha Sutta. Eight qualities which make a monk perfect. A.iv.315.

5. Saddha Sutta. Ten qualities which give perfection to a monk. A.v.10f.

6. Saddha (or Apana) Sutta. The Buddha, staying at Apana, asks Sariputta if a monk who is utterly devoted to the Tathagata, and has perfect faith in him, can have any doubt or wavering as to the Tathagata or his teaching Sariputta answers in the negative and proceeds to explain. S.v.225f.

-- or --

See Sandha.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

F Faith. Belief in the law of kamma. Confidence towards dhamma.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Part of the Sobhana Cetasikas.

Saddha makes citta believes in the Buddha, the Dhamma, the Sangha, Paticcasamuppada and the Noble Eightfold Path and the practice. This belief is not a blind faith but there is a strong reason for this. There is evidence for total belief. It is like conmfidence. When saddha arises citta and all other cetasikas become clean, active, alert and calm.

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

abundance of confidence;

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

s. saddhā (“confidence”).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Saddhā (“faith”).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

faith, confidence.

A Buddhist is said to have faith if "he believes in the Perfect One's (the Buddha's) Enlightenment" (M 53; A.V, 2), or in the Three Jewels (s. ti-ratana), by taking his refuge in them (s. ti-sarana). His faith, however, should be "reasoned and rooted in understanding" (ākāravatā saddhā dassanamūlika; M. 47), and he is asked to investigate and test the object of his faith (M. 47, 95). A Buddhist's faith is not in conflict with the spirit of inquiry, and "doubt about dubitable things" (A. II, 65; S. XLII, 13) is admitted and inquiry into them is encouraged. The 'faculty of faith' (saddhindriya) should be balanced with that of wisdom (paññindriya; s. indriya-samatta). It is said: "A monk who has understanding, establishes his faith in accordance with that understanding" (S. XLVIII, 45). Through wisdom and understanding, faith becomes an inner certainty and firm conviction based on one's own experience.

Faith is called the seed (Sn. v. 77) of all wholesome states because, according to commentarial explanations, it inspires the mind with confidence (okappana, pasāda) and determination (adhimokkha), for 'launching out' (pakkhandhana; s. M. 122) to cross the flood of samsāra.

Unshakable faith is attained on reaching the first stage of holiness, 'stream-entry' (sotāpatti, s. ariyapuggala), when the fetter of sceptical doubt (vicikicchā; s. samyojana) is eliminated. Unshakable confidence (avecca-pasāda) in the Three Jewels is one of the characteristic qualities of the Stream-winner (sotāpannassa angāni, q.v.).

Faith is a mental concomitant, present in all karmically wholesome, and its corresponding neutral, consciousness (s. Tab. II). It is one of the 4 streams of merit (puññadhārā, q.v.), one of the 5 spiritual faculties (indriya, q.v.), spiritual powers (bala, q.v.), elements of exertion (padhāniyanga, q.v.) and one of the 7 treasures (dhana, q.v.).

See Faith in the Buddha's Teaching, by Soma Thera (WHEEL 262). "Does Saddhā mean Faith?'' by Ñānamoli Thera (in WHEEL 52/53).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

Faith is an important constituent element of the teachings of the Shakyamuni for all traditions of the Buddhadharma, though the kind and nature of faith changes in the different schools. According to received tradition, the Buddhavacana, some of the first words which the Buddha voiced after resolving to teach Dharma where:

The Pali suttas (scriptures) list faith as one of the Seven Treasures (dhanas), one of the five "spiritual faculties" (indriyas), one of the four "streams of merit", and one of the "spiritual powers" (balas).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

saddha : (adj.) believing; faithful; devoted. || saddhā (f.) faith; devotion.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Saddhā, (f.) (cp. Vedic śraddhā: see saddahati) faith (on term cp. Geiger, Saṃyutta translation II. 452) D. I, 63; III, 164 sq.; S. I, 172=Sn. 76; S. V, 196; Dh. 144; A. I, 150, 210; III, 4 sq. , 352; IV, 23; V, 96; Dhs. 12; Miln. 34 sq.; Tikp 61, 166, 277, 282.—Instr. saddhāya (used as adv.) in faith, by faith in (Acc. or Gen.) Vin. II, 289 (āyasmantānaṃ); J. V, 176 (pabbajita); PvA. 49 (kammaphalaṃ s.); or shortened to saddhā (-pabbajita) M. I, 123; A. I, 24; J. I, 130. The same phrase as saddhāya pabbajita at S. I, 120 is explained as “saddahitvā” by Bdhgh (see K. S. I. 321), thus taking it as ger.

2) Saddha, 2 (cp. Epic Sk. & Sūtra literature śrāddha, fr. śrad-dhā) a funeral rite in honour of departed relatives connected with meals and gifts to the brahmins D. I, 97; A. I, 166; V, 269, 273; DA. I, 267; saddhaṃ pamuñcati to give up offerings, to abandon Brahmanism Vin. I, 7; D. II, 39; Sn. 1146. The word is n. according to Abhp and A. V, 269—273; Loc. °e, D. I, 97; J. II, 360; kaṃ saddhaṃ (Acc. in a gāthā), seems to be f.; Com. ib. 360 has saddhā-bhattaṃ, a funeral repast (v. l. saddha-°). Thus it seems to be confused with saddhā. (Page 675)

3) Saddha, 1 (adj.) (orig. adj. of saddha2, but felt to be adj. of saddhā; cp. BSk. śrāddha AvŚ I. 83, 383)

3.a) believing faithful D. I, 171; S. I, 43; II, 159 sq.; A. I, 150; II, 164, 227 sq.; III, 3 sq. , 34, 182; IV, 38, 145, 314 sq.; V, 10 sq. , 124 sq.; Sn. 188, 371; Dh. 8; Pv. I, 104; IV, 186; DhA. II, 82.

3.b) credulous Sn. 853; Dh. 97. (Page 675)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṣaḍdhā (षड्धा).—See षोढा (ṣoḍhā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍdhā (षड्धा).—Ind. In six ways. E. ṣaṣ six, and dhāc aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍdhā (षड्धा).— (?), i. e. ṣaṣ + dhā, adv. In six ways (see ṣoḍhā).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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