Rudradeva: 13 definitions


Rudradeva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव).—A grammarian who has written a commentary on the Vaiyākaraṇa-Siddhānta-Bhūșaṇa of Koṇdabhațța.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shyanika-shastra (the science of Hawking and Hunting)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation

Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव) is the author of the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of hunting.—The author is known as Rājā Rudradeva of Kumaon (16 th century CE?).—Literature is generally an index of the life of a nation. Every important act of a national life is. faithfully represented in literature. Ancient Indians were very fond of manly sports ; and Sanskrit literature is full, of the stories of Mṛgaya. It is no wonder, therefore, that hawking should have engaged the attention of Indian writers The śyainikaśāstra is a book on hawking in Sanskrit by Rudradeva (or Candradeva or Rudracandra Deva as the MS. C calls him), a Rājā of Kūrmācala or Kumaon. The Royal author is systematic in his treatment of the subject. Nowhere does he indulge in theories. His book is thoroughly practical.

Shyainika-shastra book cover
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Shyanika-shastra (श्यैनिकशास्त्र, śyainikaśāstra) deals with ancient Indian skill of hawking/falconry (one of the ways of hunting) which were laid down in a systematic manner in various Sanskrit treatises. It also explains the philosophy behind how the pleasures derived from sense-experience could lead the way to liberation.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Rudradeva in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Rudradeva is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Rudradeva in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव) is the son of Sāvitrī and Vaiśvānara from Kauśāmbī, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.5 [The kidnapping of Sītā] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, [as the Mleccha-king said to Rāma]: “Your Majesty, in the city Kauśāmbī there is a Brāhman, Vaiśvānara, and his wife Sāvitrī. I am their son, Rudradeva. Because of cruel karma, from birth I was a thief and devoted to other men’s wives. There is nothing which I, wicked, did not do. [...] Wandering about, I came to this village and, known here by another name, Kāka, I gradually reached the village-headship. [...]”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव) is an example of a Śaivite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (e.g., from Śaivism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (e.g., Rudradeva) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times

Rudradeva (A.D. 1158-95) is the name of a member of the Kākatīya royal dynasty.—Rudra, the eldest son of Prola II succeeded his father in circa A.D. 1138 the date of Drākṣārāma inscription of his minister Inaṅgāla Brahmireḍḍi, issued in the 13th regnal year of the Cālukya-Cola emperor Rājarāja II. The thousand pillar temple (Anumakoṇḍa) inscription of Rudradeva dated A.D. 1163 clearly shows that he became independent almost from that year. Besides, it gives a graphic description of his military exploits and achievements.

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (History)

Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव) (ca. 1150-1196) is one of the eight kings of the Kākatīya dynasty inhabited the village of Kaṃkati, as mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—cf. Eight kings of the Kākatīya dynasty inhabited the village of Kaṃkati: Mādhavarāja, Puraṃṭirittamarāja, Piṇḍikuṇḍimarāja, Prollarāja, Rudradeva, Gaṇapatideva, Rudramahādevī and Pratāparudra. Only the duration of Rudramahādevī's reign is specified: thirty-five years.

Note: On the Kākatīya kings, see Yazdani 1960 p. 575-665. [...]

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Rudradeva in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव).—name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu i.137.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव).—[masculine] a man’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Uṣārāgodaya nāṭikā. Yayāticarita nāṭaka.

Rudradeva has the following synonyms: Rudracandradeva.

2) Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव):—father of Khaṇḍadeva (Mīmāṃsākaustubha). Hall. p. 180.

3) Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव):—Kautukacintāmaṇi.

4) Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव):—Jyotiścandrārkarucikāśikā. Jyautiṣacandrikā.

5) Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव):—Vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntabhūṣaṇaṭīkā. Compare Rudranātha.

6) Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव):—son of Toro Nārāyaṇa, of Pratiṣṭhānapura, pupil of Ananta: Pratāpanārasiṃha [dharma] Treatises from this work. Agnihotrahoma. L. 837. Antyeṣṭiprayoga. L. 38. Āpastambāhnika. Np. Viii, 10. Pākayajñaprakāśa. Haug. 32. Pūrtaprakāśa. Burnell. 137^b. Bhr. 594. Yatisaṃskāra, a part of the Saṃskāraprakāśa. L. 43. Rice. 212. Saṃnyāsapaddhati. Bhr. 119. Somaprayoga Baudh. Io. 1262. Bh. 8. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 139.

7) Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव):—son of Harihara: Guṇavatī Prabodhacandrodayaṭīkā.

8) Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव):—son of Toro Nārāyaṇa: Pratāpanārasiṃha [dharma] composed in 1712. Nāgabaliprayoga. Pūrtaprakāśa. Both treatises are taken from the principal work.

9) Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव):—son of Mahādeva, grandson of Heramba, father of Śaṅkara, pupil of Gaṅgādhara: Jyotiścandrārka, composed in 1727. Jyotiścandrārkarucikāśikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rudradeva (रुद्रदेव):—[=rudra-deva] [from rudra > rud] m. Name of various persons, [Inscriptions; Catalogue(s)]

[Sanskrit to German]

Rudradeva in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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