Purushakara, Puruṣakāra, Purusha-kara: 12 definitions



Purushakara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Puruṣakāra can be transliterated into English as Purusakara or Purushakara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Purushakara in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Puruṣakāra (पुरुषकार).—Name of a commentary on the Sarasvatikaņthābharaņa of Bhoja by Kŗşņalilāśukamuni.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Puruṣa-akāra.—(SITI), human form. Note: puruṣa-akāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Purushakara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Puruṣakāra (पुरुषकार).—

1) human effort or exertion, manly act, manliness, prowess (opp. daiva); एवं पुरुषकारेण विना दैवं न सिध्यति (evaṃ puruṣakāreṇa vinā daivaṃ na sidhyati) H. Pr.32; दैवे पुरुषकारे च कर्मसिद्धिर्व्यवस्थिता (daive puruṣakāre ca karmasiddhirvyavasthitā) Y.1.349; cf. 'god helps those who help themselves'; अभिमतसिद्धिर- शेषा भवति हि पुरुषस्य पुरुषकारेण (abhimatasiddhira- śeṣā bhavati hi puruṣasya puruṣakāreṇa) Pt.5.3; Ki.5.52.

2) manhood, virility.

3) haughtiness, pride.

Derivable forms: puruṣakāraḥ (पुरुषकारः).

Puruṣakāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms puruṣa and kāra (कार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Purusakāra (पुरुसकार).—(°-) (= Sanskrit), in °ra-phalam, one of the 5 phala (q.v.): Mahāvyutpatti 2274; sc. of karuṇā according to Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) xvii.31, commentary, fruit consisting of heroic deed, because it brings happiness to others and penance (austerity, tapas) to oneself, reading in text and commentary tāpaka instead of tāyaka, with Lévi's note in translation(s), but Lévi's translation(s) (qui éclaire le Moi) seems clearly wrong; it brings pain to oneself, pleasure only to others; tapas surely cannot mean illumination; it is this quality which makes it heroic; in more general sense Bodhisattvabhūmi 102.17, expl. 103.1—5, puruṣa- kāreṇa yadi vā kṛṣyā…sasyādikaṃ lābhādikaṃ ca phalam abhinirvartayati…

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puruṣakāra (पुरुषकार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Manly act, virility. 2. Effort, exertion. 3. Any act of a man, manhood. E. puruṣa, and kāra a doing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puruṣakāra (पुरुषकार).—[puruṣa-kāra], m. 1. Any act of man, care, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 232. 2. The exertion of man (opposite to fate), [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 348. 3. A proper name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puruṣakāra (पुरुषकार).—[masculine] manly deed, human effort; manhood, virility.

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Puruṣākāra (पुरुषाकार).—[adjective] of human form.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Puruṣakāra (पुरुषकार) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—grammarian. Often quoted in Mādhavīyadhātuvṛtti (he mentions Dhanapāla and Haradatta).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Puruṣakāra (पुरुषकार):—[=puruṣa-kāra] [from puruṣa] m. human effort (opp. to daiva, fate), [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya]

2) [v.s. ...] manly act, virility, heroism, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] haughtiness, pride, [Patañjali]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a grammarian, [Catalogue(s)]

5) Puruṣākāra (पुरुषाकार):—[from puruṣa] mfn. of human form or shape (-tā f.), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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