Purushayana, Puruṣāyaṇa, Purusha-ayana: 2 definitions


Purushayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Puruṣāyaṇa can be transliterated into English as Purusayana or Purushayana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Purushayana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Puruṣāyaṇa (पुरुषायण).—

1) any one of the four principal objects of human life; i. e. धर्म अर्थ, काम (dharma artha, kāma) and मोक्ष (mokṣa).

2) human effort or exertion (puruṣakāra); धर्मार्थकाममोक्षाश्च पुरुषार्था उदाहृताः (dharmārthakāmamokṣāśca puruṣārthā udāhṛtāḥ) Agni P.; H. Pr.35.

3) something which when done results in the satisfaction of the performer; यस्मिन् कृते पदार्थे पुरुषस्य प्रीतिर्भवति स पुरुषार्थः पदार्थः (yasmin kṛte padārthe puruṣasya prītirbhavati sa puruṣārthaḥ padārthaḥ) ŚB. on MS.4.1.2.

Derivable forms: puruṣāyaṇaḥ (पुरुषायणः).

Puruṣāyaṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms puruṣa and ayaṇa (अयण). See also (synonyms): puruṣārtha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puruṣāyaṇa (पुरुषायण):—[from puruṣa] mf(ā)n. going to or uniting with the soul, [Praśna-upaniṣad]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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