Pretasana, Preta-asana, Pretāsana: 2 definitions



Pretasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Pretāsana (प्रेतासन) is the posture in which the yogi lies flat on his back, with his arms outstretched; evidently this attitude is meant for the perfect relaxation of all the muscles of the body to secure complete ease in breathing, and it it one is certainly apt to appear as though he were dead. It may be surmised that this yogic āsana has been materialised into the above curious carcass-seat.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Pretāsana (प्रेतासन) refers to a type of Āsana (sitting poses), according to T. A. G. Rao in his text ‘Elements of Hindu Iconography’, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Rao describes four types of āsanas or pīṭhas, viz., bhadrapīṭha (bhadrāsana), kūrmāsana, pretāsana and siṃhāsana. The height of the first is divided into 16 parts, of which one forms the thickness of the upana or the basal layer; four, of the jagati or the next higher layer; three, of the kumuda; one, of the pattika; three, of the kantha; one, of the second pattika; two, of the broader mahāpattika; and one, of the ghṛtavari, the top-most layer. Pretāsana is a yogic āsana, in which the whole body lies rigid and motionless like a corpse.

According to the Tamil work Saivasamayaneri, pretāsana is really a yogic āsana, in which the whole body lies rigid and motionless like a corpse.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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