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Simhasana, aka: Simha-asana, Siṃhāsana; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Simhasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

In the Siṃhāsana (सिंहासन) the legs are crossed as in the kūrmāsana; and the palms of the hands, with the fingers kept stretched out, rest supinely upon the thigh, while the mouth is kept open and the eyes are fixed upon the tip of the nose.

When used as a pītha (seat or pedestal), this Āsana should be used as the seat for the image when it has to be bathed, according to the Suprabhedāgama. According to the Candrajñānāgama, the seat is of a rectangular shape. The siṃhāsana is a four legged seat, circular or rectangular in shape and one hasta or cubit in height. The four legs of this seat are made up of four small lions.

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconographyŚilpaśāstra book cover
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Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Siṃhāsana (सिंहासन) is one of the eighty-four āsanas (postures) taught by Śiva, according to the Haṭharatnāvalī 3.7-20. It is said that Ādinātha (Śiva) hand-picked 84 yoga postures from 84,00,000 living beings and taught them for the purpose of introducing physical health and well-being to the human body. The compound siṃhāsana translates to siṃha (lion) and āsana (posture).

The 17th-century Haṭharatnāvalī is a Sanskrit reference book dealing with these āsanas (eg., siṃhāsana) which form a major constituent of the haṭhayoga practice. It was written by Śrīnivāsa.

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Siṃhāsana (सिंहासन) refers to an āsana (posture) taught by Śiva. It is one of the first four out of 84 total, thus one of the most essential, according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.52-54.—Accordingly, “Press the heels on both sides of the seam of Perineum, in such a way that the left heel touches the right side and the right heel touches the left side of it. Place the hands on the thighs, with stretched fingers, and keeping the mouth open and the mind collected, gaze on the tip of the nose. This is siṃhāsana, held sacred by the best of yogīs. This excellent āsana effects the completion of the three Bandhas (The mūla-bandha, kaṇṭha-bandha or jālandhara-bandha and uḍḍiyāna-bandha)”.

The 15th-century Haṭhayogapradīpikā by Svātmārāma is one of the oldest extant texts dealing with haṭhayoga: an ancient form of meditation founded by Matsyendranātha. The first chapter of this book describes various āsanas (eg., siṃha-āsana).

Source: Google Books: The Hatha Yoga Pradipika

Siṃhāsana (सिंहासन) is a type of standing posture (āsana), according to verse 76 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Accordingly, “Place the left ankle on the right side of the perineum and the right ankle on the left side. Place the hands with extended fingers on the knees and gaze at the tip of the nose with the mouth open. This is siṃhāsana, the lion”.

The 19th-century Śrītattvanidhi is a sanskrit treatise describing 80 primary āsanas, or ‘posture’ (eg., siṃha-āsana) and several additional ones.

This name occurs in Iyengar but a different āsana is shown under that name. Haṭhapradīpikā II.50-52 and Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā II.14-15 describe a siṃhāsana almost identical to this. First Steps to Higher Yoga has a similar āsana. The name is found in the Mallapurāṇa list.

Source: archive.org: Yoga Tradition of the Mysore PalaceYoga book cover
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Originally, Yoga is considered a branch of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Purāṇa

Siṃhāsana (सिंहासन).—The lion throne for kings;1 of Devī which was placed in the Sabhā;2 of the Pāṇḍavas; Mārkaṇḍeya seated by Yudhiṣṭhira on;3 of Tāraka Asura.4

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 26. 21.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 14. 12.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 103. 18.
  • 4) Ib. 148. 29;
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Śaivism (Śaiva philosophy)

Siṃhāsana (सिंहासन) is one of five pedestals that makes up the Śivāsana, unto which Śiva is installed and invoked during the ritualistic process of śivārcana, according to the Sakalāgamasāra-saṃgraha. In the process of invocation (āvāhana) Lord Śiva is contemplated as seated on Yogāsana: “in the process of holy bath (abhiṣeka) he is contemplated as seated on siṃhāsna”. This particular āsana is associated with the shape of a square and is connected with the element Water.

Source: Wisdom Library: ŚaivismŚaivism book cover
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Śaiva (शैव, shaiva) or Śaivism (shaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Śiva as the supreme being. Closeley related to Śāktism, Śaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

siṃhāsana (सिंहासन).—n (S siṃha & āsana. A seat supported by lions wrought in gold, marble &c.) A throne.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 523 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Asana
Aśana (अशन) refers to “food that is swallowed” and represents one of the four classifications o...
Padmasana
padmāsana (पद्मासन).—n A posture in religious meditation.
Virasana
vīrāsana (वीरासन).—n A posture or attitude that of the body erect upon the knees and toes.
Simha
siṃha (सिंह).—m (S) A lion. 2 A sign of the zodiac, Leo. 3 In comp. The chief or principal. Ex....
Bhadrasana
bhadrāsana (भद्रासन).—n S (Happy or fortunate seat.) A throne. 2 A posture of devotees.
Kukkutasana
Kukkuṭāsana (कुक्कुटासन) is the name of an āsana (posture), according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.2...
Matsyasana
Matsyāsana (मत्स्यासन) is the name of an āsana (posture) described in the Haṭhābhyāsapaddhati (...
Anantasana
Anantāsana (अनन्तासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 1 of the Śrītattvanidhi....
Yogasana
Yogāsana (योगासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 64 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Ac...
Trivikramasana
Trivikramāsana (त्रिविक्रमासन) is the name of an āsana (posture) described in the Haṭhābhyāsapa...
Siddhasana
Siddhāsana (सिद्धासन) refers to an āsana (posture) taught by Śiva. It is one of the first four ...
Mayurasana
Mayūrāsana (मयूरासन) is the name of an āsana (posture), according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.32.—A...
Dhanurasana
Dhanurāsana (धनुरासन) is the name of an āsana (posture), according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.27.—...
Krauncasana
Krauñcāsana (क्रौञ्चासन) is the name of an āsana (posture) described in the Haṭhābhyāsapaddhati...
Dandasana
daṇḍāsana (दंडासन).—n (S daṇḍa Bar or stick, and āsana) The posture of being stretched lazily a...

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