Pratyangira, Pratyaṅgirā: 9 definitions


Pratyangira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Sreenivasarao's blog: Saptamatrka (part 4) (shilpa)

Pratyangira.—Narasimhi is sometimes identified with Pratyangira who is endowed with four arms and a face as terrible as that of a lion. Her head is that of a male lion and her body is that of a human-female. Her hair stands erect on her head. In her hands she holds a skull, trident, Damaru and the noose (nagapasa).  She is seated on a lion and by her power destroys all enemies.

In Tantric worship, Pratyangira is shown with a dark complexion, ferocious in aspect, having a lion’s face with reddened eyes and riding a lion wearing black garments, she wears a garland of human skulls; her hair strands on end, and she holds a trident, a serpent in the form of a noose, a hand-drum and a skull in her four hands. She is also associated with Bhairava, as Atharvana-Bhadra-Kali.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pratyangira in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pratyaṅgirā (प्रत्यङ्गिरा) is a form of Kālī and identified with Goddess Tvaritā, according to the Kulakaulinīmata verse 3.310.—Tvaritā is also identified as Pratyaṅgirā, a form of Kālī.1 An indirect link with her and Kālī is also made in the Kālīkrama Tantra, the Kramasadbhāva, from which most of chapter fifteen of the Kulakaulinīmata is drawn. There Narasiṃha takes the place of Bhairava and Tvaritā of Kālī (as Kālasaṃkarṣiṇī), his consort. We are told that Viṣṇu can assume two forms. One is that of the fierce Narasiṃha. The other is like a child. His power is the goddess Tvaritā.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratyangira in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratyaṅgirā (प्रत्यङ्गिरा).—f.

(-rā) A form of Durga, one of the goddesses of the Tantrikas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Pratyaṅgirā (प्रत्यङ्गिरा) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[tantric] Rādh. 27. 43. Oudh. Xvii, 104.

2) Pratyaṅgirā (प्रत्यङ्गिरा):—[tantric] Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 53. Oudh. Xxi, 164.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratyaṅgirā (प्रत्यङ्गिरा):—[=praty-aṅgirā] [from praty > prati] f. Acacia Sirissa, [Rasaratnākara]

2) [v.s. ...] a form of Durgā, one of the goddesses of the Tāntrikas, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratyaṅgirā (प्रत्यङ्गिरा):—(rā) 1. f. Durgā.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratyaṅgirā (प्रत्यङ्गिरा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paccaṃgirā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratyangira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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