Parshva, aka: Pārśva; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Parshva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pārśva can be transliterated into English as Parsva or Parshva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Pārśva (पार्श्व) refers to the “sides”. It is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

These are the five kinds of movements made with the sides (pārśva):

  1. nata (bent),
  2. samunnata (raised),
  3. prasārita (extended),
  4. vivartita (turned round)
  5. apasṛta (drawn away).
(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Pārśva (पार्श्व):—The twenty-third Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). He is also known by the name Pārśvanātha. His colour is green (harita), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 9 hatha (4 hatha equals 1 dhanuṣa, which equals 6 feet), thus, roughly corresponding to 4.1 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is a Snake.

Pārśva’s father is Aśvasena and his mother is Vāmā according to Śvetāmbara or Varmilā according to Digambara. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

India history and geogprahy

Pārśva (पार्श्व) is an example of a name based on some sect mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Various names indicated Buddhist or Jain sects. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Pārśva) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of parshva or parsva in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

pārśva (पार्श्व) [or पार्श्विक, pārśvika].—a S Relating to a side of the body, lateral.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 68 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Parshvamandali
Pārśvamaṇḍalī (पार्श्वमण्डली).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with dance-hands (nṛtt...
Parshvakranta
Pārśvakrāntā (पार्श्वक्रान्ता).—A type of aerial (ākāśikī) dance-step (cārī);—In...
Urahparshvardhamandali
Uraḥpārśvārdhamaṇḍalī (उरःपार्श्वार्धमण्डली).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with da...
Parshvaga
Pārśvaga (पार्श्वग).—a. being close to, standing by the side of. Pārśvaga is a Sanskrit compoun...
Parshvasarvangasana
Pārśvasarvāṅgāsana (पार्श्वसर्वाङ्गासन, “side shoulderstand”) is a Sanskrit word referring t...
Parshvopavishtakonasana
Pārśvopaviṣṭakoṇāsana (पार्श्वोपविष्टकोणासन, “seated side-angle posture”) is a Sanskrit word...
Parshvabakasana
Pārśvabakāsana (पार्श्वबकासन, “side crane posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type o...
Parshvakukkutasana
Pārśvakukkuṭāsana (पार्श्वकुक्कुटासन) is one of the eighty-four āsanas (postures) taught by Śiv...
Parshvamatsyendrasana
Pārśvamatsyendrāsana (पार्श्वमत्स्येन्द्रासन) is one of the eighty-four āsanas (postures) taugh...
Utthitaparshvakonasana
Utthitapārśvakoṇāsana (उत्थितपार्श्वकोणासन, “extended side-angle posture”) is a Sanskrit wor...
Parshvashirshasana
Pārśvaśīrṣāsana (पार्श्वशीर्षासन, “side headstand posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to ...
Parshvaikapadasarvangasana
Pārśvaikapādasarvāṅgāsana (पार्श्वैकपादसर्वाङ्गासन, “one-legged sideways shoulderstand”) is ...
Parshvapindasana
Pārśvapiṇḍāsana (पार्श्वपिण्डासन, “side ball posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a typ...
Parshvavartin
Pārśvavartin (पार्श्ववर्तिन्).—a. 1) being by the side, attending, waiting upon. 2) adjacent. (...
Parshvottanasana
Pārśvottānāsana (पार्श्वोत्तानासन, “side-stretch posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a...

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