Parishkara, Pariṣkāra, Pariṣkara: 14 definitions


Parishkara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pariṣkāra and Pariṣkara can be transliterated into English as Pariskara or Parishkara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Parishkar.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Parishkara in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pariṣkāra (परिष्कार) refers to “wealth”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 4).—Accordingly, “[Question: Why is the Buddha called Bhagavat?]—[Answer]: [...] Furthermore, bhāga means glory (yaśas-) and vat indicates its possession. [...] The noble Cakravartin kings often reign over the four continents (caturdvīpaka); the Buddha reigns over countless universes (apramāṇalokadhātu).—The Cakravartin kings have mastery over wealth (pariṣkāra-vaśitā); the Buddha has mastery over mind (cetovāśita).—The noble Cakravartin kings covet heavenly bliss (devasukha); the Buddha covets nothing, having reached the well-being of the summit of existence (bhavāgrasukha). [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Parishkara in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Pariṣkāra (परिष्कार, “discipline”) or Pariṣkāravaśitā refers to the “mastery of discipline” and represents one of the “ten masteries of the Bodhisattvas” (vaśitā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 74). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., pariṣkāra). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parishkara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pariṣkāra (परिष्कार).—m S Finishing, polishing, elaborating (esp. a literary composition).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parishkara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pariṣkara (परिष्कर).—Decoration, ornamentation; रथस्यासीत् परिष्करः (rathasyāsīt pariṣkaraḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 8.34.23.

Derivable forms: pariṣkaraḥ (परिष्करः).

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Pariṣkāra (परिष्कार).—

1) Decoration, ornament, embellishment. लोहघण्टापरिष्कारः (lohaghaṇṭāpariṣkāraḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.141.32.

2) Dressing, cooking.

3) Initiation, purification by initiatory rites.

4) Furniture; (also pariskāra in this sense).

Derivable forms: pariṣkāraḥ (परिष्कारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pariṣkāra (परिष्कार).—m. (also pariskāra; = Pali parikkhāra), equipment, utensils, personal belongings: = Tibetan yo byad; Mahāvyutpatti 2856; °ra-vaśitā, one of the 10 vaśitā of a Bodhi- sattva, Mahāvyutpatti 772; Dharmasaṃgraha 74; °ra-cīvaram Mahāvyutpatti 8945, presumably the robe as part of (a monk's) standard be- longings; not of a monk but of an ordinary (poor) man, Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 106.13; often in a standard list, (a monk's) cīvara- piṇḍapāta-(or °tra-)-śayanāsana-glānapratyayabhaiṣajya- pariṣkāra (or °skāra; same in MIndic form in Pali, counted as four items), Mahāvastu i.49.10; 52.13; 295.17; Avadāna-śataka i.1.7—8; Divyāvadāna 143.6, 19; 470.1; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 112.9; Lalitavistara 2.22; Sukhāvatīvyūha 27.1; Śikṣāsamuccaya 41.18 (and 215.7 same list without the word pariṣkāra); Kāraṇḍavvūha 19.9; 20.20; 40.17; 82.13; elsewhere without list, referring to anything which could properly be given to a monk, Avadāna-śataka i.271.13, 15; six pariṣkāra (of a monk) Avadāna-śataka ii.81.6, Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.123.6, not listed (it is hard to see how the above list could count up to six; perhaps the ‘eight’ listed [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] s.v. parikkhāra are meant, the three robes counting as one item); āgṛhīta-pari°, see āgṛhīta; doubt- ful is Lalitavistara 181.1 pariṣkāra-vigata-malāmātsarya-sunigṛhīta- citta, where [Boehtlingk] renders implausibly ‘etwa an sich geübte Zucht’; Foucaux must have read susaṃgṛhīta-puṇya- pariṣkāraḥ, as part of the preceding word, assuming meaning parure (as in Sanskrit); Tibetan omitted in Foucaux's ed.; sapta- samādhi-pariṣkāra- (dāyaka, of Buddhas) Divyāvadāna 95.20, explained by Pali Dīghanikāya (Pali) ii.216.31 ff., the seven pari° (commentary ii.645.28 gloss paricārikā, v.l. parivārikā) are the first seven stages of the noble 8-fold path, because they lead progressively to the eighth stage, sammā-(samyak-) samādhi; the word here seems to mean utensils in the sense of means leading towards (Dīghanikāya (Pali) l.c. 32 sammāsamā- dhissa bhāvanāya samādhissa pāripūriyā). In Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iv.108.1; 109.7 (bheda-)pariṣkāra (tho rendered in Tibetan yo byad!) is false Sanskrit for Pali (bheda-)purekkhāra.

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Pariskāra (परिस्कार).—(m.; = pariṣkāra, q.v.), equipment, utensils: Lalitavistara 429.22 (no v.l.); 430.20 (only v.l. parihāra); also in some citations s.v. pariṣkāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pariṣkāra (परिष्कार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Decoration, embellishment. 2. Cooking, dressing. 3. Finishing, polishing. 4. Initiation, purification by essential rites. 5. Surrounding. 6. Furniture. E. pari implying ornament, and kāra making, sa inserted, and changed to ṣa; also in the same sense pariskāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pariṣkara (परिष्कर).—i. e. pari-kṛ + a, m. Ornament, Mahābhārata 8, 1477.

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Pariṣkāra (परिष्कार).—i. e. pari-kṛ + a, m. 1. Adorning, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] Anth. 94, 14. 2. Ornament.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pariṣkāra (परिष्कार).—[masculine] arranging, adorning, ornament.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pariṣkara (परिष्कर):—[=pari-ṣ-kara] [from pariṣ-kṛ] m. ornament, decoration, [Mahābhārata viii, 1477] (according to, [Nīlakaṇṭha] = 1. ṣkanda).

2) Pariṣkāra (परिष्कार):—[=pari-ṣ-kāra] [from pariṣ-kṛ] m. = [preceding] (ifc. f(ā). ), [Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] cooking, dressing, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] domestic utensils, furniture, [Saddharma-puṇḍarīka]

5) [v.s. ...] purification, initiation, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] self-discipline, [Lalita-vistara] (one of the ten powers of a Bodhi-sattva, [Dharmasaṃgraha lxxiv])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pariṣkāra (परिष्कार):—[pari-ṣkāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Decoration; polishing; purifying; cooking; surrounding.

[Sanskrit to German]

Parishkara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parishkara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pariṣkāra (परिष्कार) [Also spelled parishkar]:—(nm) refinement; purification; finish; finesse; ~[ṣkṛta] refined; purified; ~[ṣkṛti] refinement; purification; finesse.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parishkara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pariṣkāra (ಪರಿಷ್ಕಾರ):—

1) [noun] an amendment made to correct and improve something.

2) [noun] the act of ornamenting; embelishment; ornamentation.

3) [noun] anything that is used to enhance the beauty; an ornament.

4) [noun] the act of accomplishing; accomplishment.

5) [noun] the act or process of polishing.

6) [noun] collectively, the four essentials as clothes, food, a seat (to sit on). and medicine, that a buddhist mendicants are allowed to use.

7) [noun] ಪರಿಷ್ಕಾರ ಮಾಡು [parishkara madu] pariṣkāra māḍu = ಪರಿಷ್ಕರಿಸು [parishkarisu]; ಪರಿಷ್ಕಾರವಾಗು [parishkaravagu] pariṣkāravāgu = ಪರಿಷ್ಕರಣಗೊಳ್ಳು [parishkaranagollu].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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