Parishad, Pariṣad: 5 definitions

Introduction

Parishad means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pariṣad can be transliterated into English as Parisad or Parishad, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Hinduism and Law: An Introduction

Pariṣad (परिषद्, “religious court”).—In religious and moral matters—in cases of violation of personal law or religious norms—it was often a kind of religious court (brahmasabhā, pariṣad) of more or less learned Brahmins which administered and decided on penances. A chief judge occasionally called “dharmādhikārin” headed it. The brahmasabhā and also caste councils (jātisabhā) could expel individuals from their caste on grounds of impurity or impose fees and other sanctions.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Pariṣad refers to a “vedic assembly” in use during the rule of the Śilāhāra dynasty (r. 765-1215 A.D.).—The age-old Smṛtis had laid down civil and criminal laws, which it was his duty to administer. In case of doubt he had to consult the pariṣad or Assembly of Vedic Scholars. The existence of such a pariṣad in North Koṅkaṇ is indicated by the Cānje inscription, which record a royal gift to it.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pariṣad.—(LL), four classes of the Buddhist order. (EI 32), used in the sense of pāriṣada, ‘a councillor’. Cf. Tamil paraḍai, etc. (SII 3), an assembly. (CII 1), cf. Prakrit parisā (EI 8), a council; the council [of ministers]; cf. mantri-pariṣad, ‘council of ministers.’ Note: pariṣad is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pariṣad (परिषद्).—f.

1) An assembly, a meeting, council, audience; परिषत् स्याद्दशावरा (pariṣat syāddaśāvarā) Ms.12.111; अभिरूपभूयिष्ठा परिषदि- यम् (abhirūpabhūyiṣṭhā pariṣadi- yam) Śi.1.

2) A religious assembly or synod; चातुर्वैद्यः प्रकल्पी च अङ्गविद् धर्मपाठकः । त्रयश्चाश्रमिणो वृद्धाः परिषत् स्याद्दशा- वरा (cāturvaidyaḥ prakalpī ca aṅgavid dharmapāṭhakaḥ | trayaścāśramiṇo vṛddhāḥ pariṣat syāddaśā- varā) || Aṅgirasasmṛti.

3) A group, collection, circle; बटुपरिषदं पुण्यश्रीकः श्रियेव सभाजयन् (baṭupariṣadaṃ puṇyaśrīkaḥ śriyeva sabhājayan) U.4.19; Rām.2.111.5. Also परिषत्त्वम् (pariṣattvam); सहस्रशः समेतानां परिषत्त्वं न विद्यते (sahasraśaḥ sametānāṃ pariṣattvaṃ na vidyate) Ms.12.114.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pariṣad (परिषद्).—f. (ṣad or ṣat) An assembly, a meeting, an audience or congregation. E. pari around, sad to go, aff. ādhāre kvip.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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