Parinirvana, aka: Parinirvāṇa, Parinibbana, Parinibbāna; 8 Definition(s)


Parinirvana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

# Total Unbinding; the complete cessation of the khandhas that occurs upon the death of an arahant. # parisa [parisaa]: Following; assembly. The four groups of the Buddhas following that include monks, nuns, laymen, and laywomen. Compare sangha. See bhikkhu, bhikkhuni, upasaka/upasika.(Source): Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

N (Definitive disappearance of all mental defilements). As soon as nibbana (see this word) is experienced without the slightest attachment remaining , physical and mental phenomena do no longer have reasons to reappear; This is parinibbana.

See also: parinibbana

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

General definition (in Buddhism)

Not death, but perfect rest, i.e. the perfection of all virtues and the elimination of all evils.. Also a release from the suffering of transmigration and an entry to a state of fullest joy.(Source): Buddhist Door: Glossary

The Parinirvāṇa of the Buddha is described in the Mahaparinibbana Sutta. Because of its attention to detail, this Theravada sutta, though first committed to writing hundreds of years after his death, has been resorted to as the principal source of reference in most standard studies of the Buddha's life. In some Mahāyāna scriptures, notably the Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvāṇa Sūtra, Parinirvāṇa is explicated as the realm of the eternal true Self of the Buddha.

Etymology: Parinirvāṇa (Pali: Parinibbana; traditional Chinese: 般涅槃; pinyin: Bānnièpán).

(Source): WikiPedia: Buddhism

1) Parinirvāṇa; That which is beyond (para) Nirvāṇa. The Buddha was said to have attained Nirvāṇa under the Bodhi tree, and parinirvāṇa when he “died”, thus complete extinction of or release from all Attachment to the Form. In technical Buddhism it refers to complete cessation, non-residual Nirvāṇa, the passing away of Buddhas.

2) Parinirvāṇa (yongs su mya ngan las 'das). The expression "final nirvāṇa" (Skt. parinirvāṇa) refers specifically to the passing away of buddhas, such as Śākyamuni, and it is considered to be the last of the twelve principal deeds demonstrated by the buddha-body of emanation, exemplified by the death of Śākyamuni at Kuśinigara. In general, nirvāṇa is the state of total cessation of all sufferings, dissonant mental states and also of the psychological tendencies and imprints which cause our dualistic perceptions and lead sentient beings to a state of confusion within cyclic existence.

(Source): China Buddhism Encyclopedia: Buddhism

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

parinibbāna : (nt.) final release from transmigration; death after the last life-span of an arahant.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Parinibbāna, (nt.) (pari+nibbāna) “complete Nibbāna” in two meanings: 1. complete extinction of khandhalife; i.e. all possibility of such life & its rebirth, final release from (the misery of) rebirth and transmigration, death (after the last life-span of an Arahant). This is the so-called “an-upādi-sesa Parinibbāna, ” or “extinction with no rebirth-substratum left. ” — 2. release from cravings & attachment to life, emancipation (in this life) with the assurance of final death; freedom of spirit, calm, perfect well-being or peace of soul. This is the so-called “sa-upādisesa-P. , ” or “extinction (of passion) with some substratum left. ” — The two kinds are distinguished by Bdhgh at DhA. II, 163 as follows: “arahatta-pattito paṭṭhāya kilesa-vaṭṭassa khepitattā sa — upādi — sesena, carima — citta — nirodhena khandhavaṭṭassa khepitattā an-upādi-sesena cā ti dvīhi pi parinibbānehi parinibbutā, an-upādāno viya padīpo apaṇṇattika-bhāvaṃ gatā. ” — 1. D. II, 72 sq. (the famous Mahā-parinibbāna-suttanta or “Book of the Great Decease”); M. III, 127, 128; A. II, 79 (°samaye); III, 409 (°dhamma, contrasted with āpāyika nerayika, cp. DhA. IV, 42); Mhvs 7, 1 (°mañcamhi nipanna); VvA. 158; PvA. 244.—2. D. III, 55; A. V, 64; Sn. 514 (°gata+ vitiṇṇa-kaṅkho); Vv 5324 (°gata+sītibhūta). This state of final emancipation (during life) has also received the determination of anupādā-parinibbāna, i.e. emancipation without ground. for further clinging (lit. without fuel), which corresponds to Bdhgh’s term “kilesavaṭṭassa khepitattā sa-upādi-sesa p. ” (see above); thus at M. I, 148; S. IV, 48; V, 29; A. I, 44; V, 65 (nicchāto nibbuto sītibhūto etc).; A. V, 233=253=Dh. 89 (+khīṇāsava). (Page 427)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parinirvāṇa (परिनिर्वाण).—a.

1) Completely extinguished.

-ṇam Final extinction (of the individual); entire cessation of rebirths.

2) Name of a place where Buddha disappeared.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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