Mahaparinirvanasutra, Mahāparinirvāṇasūtra, Mahaparinirvana-sutra: 3 definitions


Mahaparinirvanasutra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Mahaparinirvanasutra in Mahayana glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Thought of buddha natureas depicted in the Lankavatara-sutra

Mahāparinirvāṇasūtra (महापरिनिर्वाणसूत्र) ] (or simply Nirvāṇa-sūtra) or “The sūtra of the Great Decease of the Buddha” is the most important sūtra that had a very great and wide influence on the thought of many schools of Chinese Buddhism. The sūtra expounds some of the famous narrative episodes in the final months of the life of the Buddha. The sūtra uses these narratives as a foundation for the expression of Mahayana ideals. The Sanskrit original of the Mahāyāna version of the Mahāparinirvāṇa-sūtra must have been compiled between 200 and 400 CE and has survived only in a number of fragments, which were discovered in Central Asia, Afghanistan and Japan.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahaparinirvanasutra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mahāparinirvāṇasūtra (महापरिनिर्वाणसूत्र) or Parinirvāṇa or Parinirvāṇa-sūtra or Mahāparinirvāṇa.—: Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 156.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahāparinirvāṇasūtra (महापरिनिर्वाणसूत्र):—[=mahā-parinirvāṇa-sūtra] [from mahā > mah] n. Name of a Buddhist Sūtra.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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