Paraji, Parāji: 6 definitions


Paraji means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Paraji in India is the name of a plant defined with Ziziphus nummularia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ziziphus nummularia (Burm.f.) Wight (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Botany and History of Hortus Malabaricus (1980)
· Flore Forestière Soudano-Guinéenne (1950)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Paraji, for example extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parāji (पराजि).—1 Ā.

1) To defeat, conquer, overcome, subdue; यं पराजयसे मृषा (yaṃ parājayase mṛṣā) Y.2.75; Bhaṭṭikāvya 8.9; Śiśupālavadha 19.82.

2) To lose, be deprived of.

3) To be conquered or overcome by, find (something) unbearable; अध्ययनात् परा- जयते (adhyayanāt parā- jayate) Sk. 'finds it unbearable or difficult to study'; तां पराजयमानां स प्रीते रक्ष्यां दशाननात् (tāṃ parājayamānāṃ sa prīte rakṣyāṃ daśānanāt) Bhaṭṭikāvya 8.71.

4) To submit or yield to.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parāji (पराजि).—(mostly [Middle]) lose, be deprived of ([accusative]), succumb ([ablative]*); vanquish, overcome.

Parāji is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms parā and ji (जि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parāji (पराजि):—[=parā-√ji] [Ātmanepada] -jayate (cf. [Pāṇini 1-3, 19]; [perfect tense] -jigye, [Ṛg-veda]; p. -jigyāna, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]; [Aorist] parājaiṣṭa, [Mahābhārata]; [future] -jayiṣye, [ib.]; but also [Parasmaipada] e.g. [Potential] -jayet, or -jayyāt, [Mahābhārata]; [perfect tense] -jigyathur, [Ṛg-veda]; [Aorist] parājaiṣīt, [Mahābhārata]; [infinitive mood] -jetum, [Rāmāyaṇa]; [indeclinable participle] -jitya, [ib.]),

—to be deprived of, suffer the loss of ([accusative]), be conquered, succumb, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to submit to, be overcome by ([ablative]), [Pāṇini 1-4, 26];

—to conquer, win, vanquish, overthrow, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to defeat in a lawsuit, [Yājñavalkya ii, 75.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Parāji (पराजि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Parāi, Parājaya, Parājiṇa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paraji (ಪರಜಿ):—[noun] = ಪರಜಿಕಲ್ಲು [parajikallu].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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