Sudinna: 3 definitions

Introduction

Sudinna means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sudinna. Father of Piyadassi Buddha (J.i.39); but see Sudatta (9).

2. Sudinna Kalandakaputta. A monk who, after being ordained, returned to his former wife and had relations with her, thus becoming guilty of the first Parajika offence. When there was a famine in the Vajji country, Sudinna went to Vesali, hoping to be kept by his rich relations, to the mutual benefit of both parties. They gave him sixty bowls of rice, which he distributed among his colleagues. When he went to his fathers house, in Kalandakagama, he saw a servant girl about to throw away some boiled rice and asked her to put it into his bowl. The girl, recognizing his hands and feet and voice, told his mother of his arrival. Both she and his father visited him as he was eating the rice, and his father took him by the hand and led him home. There he was provided with a seat and asked to eat: but he refused, saying he had already eaten. The next day he was again invited; he went, and they tried to tempt him back to the lay life. His former wife joined in the attempt, but on being addressed by him as Sister, she fell fainting. Then he begged for his meal, saying that if they desired to give it to him they should do so without worrying him. Later his wife visited him, with his mother, at the Mahavana, and begged that he would give her a son, so that the Licchavis might not confiscate their wealth for want of an heir. Sudinna agreed, and had intercourse three times with her. She became pregnant, and in due course a son was born, who was called Bijaka. When Sudinna realized what he had done he was filled with remorse, and his colleagues, discovering the reason, reported him to the Buddha, who blamed him greatly. (Vin.iii.11-21; see Sp.i.270, where Sudinna is held not guilty of the Parajika offence because he was an adikammika.).

The Buddhas censure of Sudinna forms the topic of one of the dilemmas of the Milinda Panha. (p.170f).

3. Sudinna. Evidently a famous commentator. Buddhaghosa quotes (DA.ii.566; AA.ii.551) him as saying that there is no word of the Buddha which is not a sutta (asuttam nama kim buddhavacanam atthi ?) and thus rejecting the Jataka, Patisambhida, Niddesa, Sutta Nipata, Dhammapada, Itivuttaka, Vimanavatthu, Petavatthu, Thera and Theri gatha and Apadana.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Sudinna (सुदिन्न) is the name of a prince (kumāra) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XX).—“Thus the prince Siu t’i na (Sudinna?), in the language of Ts’in “Excellent Generosity”, gave his two children (putra) to a Brahmin, and then he gave his wife, without his heart being upset by emotion”.

Note: We are dealing with a quite special recension of the well-known Viśvantarajātaka. Whereas Viśvantara is elsewhere called Sudāna “excellent generosity”, Sudanta or Sudāṃṣṭra “with beautiful teeth” (Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā, and Lalitavistara), here he is surnamed Sudinna “excellent generosity”. In the other sources, it is to a single Brahmin that he gives his children and not to, as here, “twelve ugly Brahmins”. Finally, the mention of the gift of the eyes, after that of the wife, occurs only here.

2) Sudinna (सुदिन्न) is the name of a Bodhisattva, according to the Viśvantarajātaka, as mentioned in chapter L.—Accordingly, “thus the Bodhisattva Siu-ti-nien-na (Sudinna), descending from his white elephant Chan-cheng (Sujaya), gave it to an enemy family; then, withdrawing to a distant mountain, he gave his two dear children to a Brahmaṇa with twelve uglinesses; finally, he gave his wife and his eyes to a fictive Brahmaṇa. At that very moment the earth shook (bhūmicala); there was thunder and lightning and a rain of flowers fell from the sky”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Sudinna in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sudinna : (adj.) well given.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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