Bhaddiya: 2 definitions


Bhaddiya means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Bhaddiya Thera. An anagami, one of seven persons who became arahants as soon as they were born in Aviha. S.i.35, 60; ThigA. 222, etc.

2. Bhaddiya Thera. Called Kaligodhaputta, chief among monks of aristocratic birth (uccakulikanam) (A.i.23). He belonged to a family of the Sakyan rajas of Kapilavatthu and entered the Order in the Anupiya Mango grove with Anuruddha and the others, soon afterwards attaining to arahantship. Dwelling in the bliss of Nibbana, under a tree in a lonely spot, Bhaddiya used to exclaim Aho sukham, aho sukham. When this was reported to the Buddha, he questioned Bhaddiya, who answered that when he was ruling his principality he was well protected, yet was ever fearful and nervous, whereas now, having renounced all, he was free from all fear (Thag.vss.842-65; UdA.ii.10; Vin.i.183f.; J.i.140). This incident was the occasion for the preaching of the Sukhavihari Jataka (q.v.).

Bhaddiya was the son of Kaligodha, the senior Sakyan lady of her time. For five hundred births Bhaddiya had been king, hence his eminence in this life, though there were others more aristocratic (AA.i.109). His resolve to gain this distinction was formed in the time of Padumuttara Buddha, when he was born in a very rich family and did various good deeds towards that end. In the interval between Kassapa Buddha and Gotama Buddha, he was a householder of Benares and, discovering that Pacceka Buddhas took their meals on the banks of the Ganges, placed seven stone planks for them to sit on (ThagA.ii.55f.; Ap.i.95f). When Bhaddiya was ruling his Sakyan principality he had as general Sona Potiriyaputta, who later joined the Order (ThagA.i.316). Anuruddha was Bhaddiyas great friend, and when Anuruddha wished to renounce the world, his mother agreed only on condition that Bhaddiya should accompany him, hoping, in this way, to hold him back. But Anuruddha overcame all Bhaddiyas objections and persuaded him to renounce the household life within a week.

It is said (Vin.ii.182f) that Bhaddiya attained arahantship in the first rainy season after his ordination.

3. Bhaddiya. A city in the Anga kingdom (DhA.i.384; also iii.363).

The Buddha visited there several times and stayed sometimes at the Jatiyavana where Mendaka, who lived there, came to see him (Vin.ii.242; DhA.iii.363; also A.iii.36).

It was there that the precept was laid down forbidding monks to wear sandals. Vin.i.190; DhA.iii.451f.; also another ruling re the Parajika (Vin.iii.37f).

Bhaddiya was also the residence of Bhaddaji Thera and Visakha. v.l. Bhaddika.

J.ii.331, etc.; Dvy.123ff calls it Bhadrankara.

4. Bhaddiya. A setthi, father of Bhaddaji Thera.

5. Bhaddiya. See Lakuntaka Bhaddiya.

6. Bhaddiya. One of the four chief merchants of Ekaraja, king of Pupphavati (Benares).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Bhaddiya (भद्दिय) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Visākhā was born in the city of Bhaddiya in the Aṅga kingdom. The village of Beluva was in Vesālī.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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