Nistrimsha, Nistriṃśa, Nis-trimsha: 13 definitions


Nistrimsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nistriṃśa can be transliterated into English as Nistrimsa or Nistrimsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Nistriṃśa (निस्त्रिंश) refers to a weapon (a sword of thirty aṅgulas). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nistrimsha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Nistriṃśa (निस्त्रिंश, “overthrown”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., nistriṃśa—overthrown], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Nistrimsha in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Nistriṃśa (निस्त्रिंश) refers to “merciless”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Having come previously, merciless (nistriṃśa) Yama kills in an instant the inhabitants of the world whose desired happiness is unfulfilled [and] whose undertaken desire is unaccomplished”.

Synonyms: Nirdaya, Dayārahita.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nistrimsha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nistriṃśa (निस्त्रिंश).—a.

1) more than thirty; निस्त्रिंशानि वर्षाणि चैत्रस्य (nistriṃśāni varṣāṇi caitrasya) P.V.4.73; Sk.

2) pitiless, merciless, cruel; हे निस्त्रिंश विमुक्तकण्ठकरुणं तावत् सखी रोदितु (he nistriṃśa vimuktakaṇṭhakaruṇaṃ tāvat sakhī roditu) Amaruśataka 6.

-śaḥ a sword; निजध्नुः शरनिस्त्रिंशकुन्ततोमरशक्तिभिः (nijadhnuḥ śaranistriṃśakuntatomaraśaktibhiḥ) Śiva B.3.19; शूरौर्निस्त्रिंशपाणिभिः (śūraurnistriṃśapāṇibhiḥ) Parnāl 1.5. °भृत् (bhṛt) m. a sword-bearer.

Nistriṃśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nis and triṃśa (त्रिंश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nistriṃśa (निस्त्रिंश).—mfn.

(-śaḥ-śā-śaṃ) Merciless, unfeeling, unpitying. m.

(-śaḥ) A scimitar, a sacrificial knife. E. nir forth, triṃśat thirty, ḍa aff; being of thirty finger’s length, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nistriṃśa (निस्त्रिंश).—i. e. curtailed from nis-triṃśat, I. m. A sword, Mahābhārata 1, 5380. Ii. adj. Merciless, [Pañcatantra] 264, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nistriṃśa (निस्त्रिंश).—[adjective] cruel, merciless (lit. more than thirty), [abstract] tva [neuter]

— [masculine] a sword, p. śin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nistriṃśa (निस्त्रिंश):—[=nis-triṃśa] [from nis > niḥ] mfn. more than thirty ([plural]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] merciless, cruel, [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a sword, [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara; Suśruta] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a sacrificial knife, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] stage in the retrograde motion of the planet Mars, [Varāha-mihira], (= śamusala, [ib.])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nistriṃśa (निस्त्रिंश):—[ni-striṃśa] (śaḥ) 1. m. A scimitar, or knife. a. Merciless, unfeeling.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nistriṃśa (निस्त्रिंश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇittiṃsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nistrimsha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nistrimsha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nistriṃśa (ನಿಸ್ತ್ರಿಂಶ):—[adjective] merciless; relentless; pitiless; cruel; ruthless.

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Nistriṃśa (ನಿಸ್ತ್ರಿಂಶ):—

1) [noun] a crude measure that is more than the breadth of thirty fingers.

2) [noun] a cruel, ruthless man.

3) [noun] a sword.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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