Nirdaya, Nir-daya: 16 definitions


Nirdaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nirday.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Nirdaya (निर्दय) refers to “one who is pitiless”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be one who is lacking means or location, nor harsh or focused on meanness, nor pitiless (nirdaya) or wanting in power, nor be one who is completely lacking skills. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., nirdaya), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., nirdaya) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nirdaya (निर्दय) refers to “(being) ruthless”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.5 (“Kārttikeya is crowned”).—Accordingly, as the Kṛttikās said to Kārttikeya: “O ocean of mercy, how is it that you ruthlessly leave us and go? This is not a virtuous thing for a fostered son to forsake his mothers. You have been brought up by us affectionately. Hence you are our son in virtue of that. What shall we do? Where shall we go? What can we do?”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Nirdaya (निर्दय) refers to “pitiless”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Those possessions which are pitiless (nirdaya), having imparted a great burning in the heart of men, certainly will go away. How could they be for your pleasure?”.

Synonyms: Nistriṃśa, Dayārahita.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirdaya (निर्दय).—a (S) pop. nirdayī a Merciless, pitiless, unfeeling.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirdaya (निर्दय).—a nirdayī a Merciless, pitiless, un- feeling.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirdaya (निर्दय).—a.

1) merciless, cruel, pitiless, unmerciful, unkind.

2) passionate.

3) very close, firm or fast, strong, excessive, violent; मुग्धे विधेहि मयि निर्दयदन्तदंशम् (mugdhe vidhehi mayi nirdayadantadaṃśam) Gītagovinda 1; निर्दयरति- श्रमालसाः (nirdayarati- śramālasāḥ) R.19.32; निर्दयाश्लेषहेतोः (nirdayāśleṣahetoḥ) Meghadūta 18.

4) unpitied by any; निर्दया निर्नमस्कारास्तन्मनोरनुशासनम् (nirdayā nirnamaskārāstanmanoranuśāsanam) Manusmṛti 9.239.

Nirdaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and daya (दय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirdaya (निर्दय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Unkind, unmerciful, cruel, hard-hearted. E. nir before, dayā compassion, charity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirdayā (निर्दया).—adj., f. . 1. unmerciful, cruel, [Pañcatantra] 176, 10. 2. passionate, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 281. 3. not treated with affection, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 239. ºyam, adv. passionately, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 102.

Nirdayā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nis and dayā (दया).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirdaya (निर्दय).—[adjective] pitiless or unpitied, cruel, passionate, [neuter] [adverb]; [abstract] tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirdaya (निर्दय):—[=nir-daya] [from nir > niḥ] mf(ā)n. pitiless, unkind, cruel, hard, violent, excessive, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] unpitied by any, [Manu-smṛti ix, 239]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirdaya (निर्दय):—[nir-daya] (yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) a. Unmerciful.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirdaya (निर्दय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇiddaya, Ṇiddāa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nirdaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirdaya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nirdaya (निर्दय) [Also spelled nirday]:—(a) ruthless, merciless, cruel, heartless (person or act); ~[] ruthlessness; •[se] mercilessly, ruthlessly.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirdaya (ನಿರ್ದಯ):—[adjective] having or showing no mercy; merciless; ruthless.

--- OR ---

Nirdaya (ನಿರ್ದಯ):—

1) [noun] = ನಿರ್ದಯೆ - [nirdaye -] 1.

2) [noun] a merciless man.

--- OR ---

Nirdāya (ನಿರ್ದಾಯ):—

1) [noun] the condition of not lacking any component part; completeness of a whole.

2) [noun] the last step in a reasoning process; judgement, decision; conclusion.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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