Nini, aka: Ṇini, Ninī; 2 Definition(s)

Introduction

Nini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[Nini in Vyakarana glossaries]

Ṇini (णिनि).—Krt affix इन् (in) signifying vrddhi (1) applied to the roots headed by ग्रह् (grah) (i. e. the roots ग्रह्, उद्वस्, स्था (grah, udvas, sthā) etc.) in the sense of an agent;e. g. ग्राही, उद्वासी, स्थायी (grāhī, udvāsī, sthāyī). cf. P. III.1.134; (2) applied to the root हन् (han) preceded by the word कुमार (kumāra) or शीर्ष (śīrṣa) as उपपदः (upapadaḥ) e. g. कुमारघाती, शीर्षघाती (kumāraghātī, śīrṣaghātī), cf. P. III.2.51: (3) applied to any root preceded by a substantive as upapada in the sense of habit, or when compari son or vow or frequency of action is conveyed, or to the root मन् (man), with a substantive as उपपद (upapada) e. g-उष्णभोजी, शीतभोजी, उष्ट्रकोशी, ध्वाङ्क्षरावीः स्थण्डिलशायी, अश्राद्धभोजीः क्षीरपायिण उशीनराः (uṣṇabhojī, śītabhojī, uṣṭrakośī, dhvāṅkṣarāvīḥ sthaṇḍilaśāyī, aśrāddhabhojīḥ kṣīrapāyiṇa uśīnarāḥ); सौवीर-पायिणो वाह्रीकाःः दर्शनीयमानी, शोभनीयमानी (sauvīra-pāyiṇo vāhrīkāḥḥ darśanīyamānī, śobhanīyamānī), cf. P. III.2.78-82; (4) applied to the root यज् (yaj) preceded by a word referring to the करण (karaṇa) of यागफल (yāgaphala) as also to the root हन् (han) preceded by a word forming the object (कर्मन् (karman)) of the root हन् (han), the words so formed referring to the past tense: e. g. अग्निष्टो याजी, पितृव्याघाती (agniṣṭo yājī, pitṛvyāghātī), cf. P. III 2.85, 86; (5) applied to a root when the word so formed refers to a kind of necessary activity or to a debtor; cf. अवश्यंकारी, शतंदायी, सहस्रदायी (avaśyaṃkārī, śataṃdāyī, sahasradāyī) cf. P. III.4. 169-170: (6) tad-affix इन् (in), causing vrddhi for the first vowel, applied to the words काश्यप (kāśyapa) and कौशिक (kauśika) referring to ancient sages named so, as also to words which are the names of the pupils of कलापि (kalāpi) or of वैशम्पायन (vaiśampāyana), as also to the words शुनक, वाजसनेय (śunaka, vājasaneya) etc. in the sense of 'students learning what has been traditionally spoken by those sages' e. g. काश्यपिनः, ताण्डिनः, हरिद्रविणः शौनकिनः, वाजसनेयिनः (kāśyapinaḥ, tāṇḍinaḥ, haridraviṇaḥ śaunakinaḥ, vājasaneyinaḥ) etc.; cf P. IV.3, 103 104, 106; (7) applied to words forming the names of ancient sages who are the speakers of ancient Brahmana works in the sense of 'pupils studying those works' as also to words forming the names of sages who composed old Kalpa works in the sense of those कल्प (kalpa) works; e. g. भाल्लविनः, एतरेयिणः । पैङ्गी कल्पः अरुणपराजी कल्पः (bhāllavinaḥ, etareyiṇaḥ | paiṅgī kalpaḥ aruṇaparājī kalpaḥ); cf Kas. on P. IV. 3.105: (8) applied to the words पाराशर्य (pārāśarya) and शिला-लिन् (śilā-lin) in the sense of 'students reading the Bhiksusutras (of पाराशार्य (pārāśārya)) and the Nata sutras (of शिलालिन् (śilālin)) respectively; e. g. पाराशरिणो भिक्षवः, शैला-लिनो नटाःः (pārāśariṇo bhikṣavaḥ, śailā-lino naṭāḥḥ) cf Kas. on P. IV.3.110.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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