Navama: 13 definitions


Navama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

1) Navama (नवम) refers to the “ninth day” (of practising Tantra), according to the Brahmayāmala-tantra (or Picumata), an early 7th century Śaiva text consisting of twelve-thousand verses.—Accordingly, [while describing a haṭha-sādhana (foreceful practice)]: “[...] Hear what would transpire for him on the ninth day (navamadine tu navame): A loud, terrifying sound arises in the hole, a sweet-smelling air is diffused [and] everywhere a shower of flowers. All the gods shake with fear, their eyes quivering. Aghorī's spirits appear in the clear of dawn by the thousands, of great majesty and deformed visage. [...]”

2) Navama (नवम) refers to the “ninth (year)” (of Yogic breathing exercises), according to the Śivayogadīpikā, an ancient Sanskrit text dealing with Yoga possibly corresponding to the Śivayoga quoted in Śivānanda’s Yogacintāmaṇi.—Accordingly, [while describing a sequence of Haṭhayoga practices]: “Thus, by means of this Haṭhayoga which has eight auxiliaries, those [students who are] life-long celibates obtain the Siddhis of the [best of Sages] because of their untiring practice. [...] In the seventh year, he can leave the earth and in the eighth [year], the [yogic] powers [such as minimization, etc.,] arise for him. In the ninth (navama) year, he can move in the atmosphere, travel in [all] directions and has a body [as hard as] a diamond. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

navama : (adj.) ninth.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Navama, (num. ord.) (Sk. navama=Oir. nōmad; cp. Lat. nonus; Gr. e)/natos, Goth. niunda with diff. superl. suffixes) the ninth Sn. 109; f. °ī VvA. 72. (Page 348)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

navama (नवम).—a S Ninth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Navama (नवम).—a. (- f.) Ninth.

-mī The ninth day of a lunar fortnight.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Navama (नवम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mī-maṃ) Ninth. f. (-mī) The ninth day of a lunar half month. E. nava nine, and ḍaḍhi-maṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Navama (नवम).—i. e. navan + ma, I. ordinal number, f. , Ninth. Ii. f. , The ninth day of a lunar half month, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 16, 14.

— Cf. [Latin] nonus (for novimus).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Navama (नवम).—[feminine] ī the ninth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Navama (नवम):—[=nava-ma] [from nava] 1. nava-ma mfn. = navatama, [Ṛg-veda v, 57, 3] ([Sāyaṇa])

2) [from nava] 2. navama mf(ī)n. the ninth, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc. (cf. 1. navama under 1. nava)

3) [v.s. ...] of 9 kinds, ninefold, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Navama (नवम):—[(maḥ-mī-maṃ) a.] Ninth. f. () Ninth day of a lunar half month.

[Sanskrit to German]

Navama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Navama (ನವಮ):—[adjective] preceded by eight others in a series; ninth; 9th.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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