Daridra, Daridrā, Dāridra: 20 definitions


Daridra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Daridra (दरिद्र).—A king born in the family of Yayāti. He was the son of Dundubhi and father of Vasu. (Bhāgavata, Navama Skandha).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Daridra (दरिद्र) refers to “being poor”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.28 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī said to Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin): “[...]  Even if a person is perpetually poor (daridra) for seven lives, after serving Śiva, his prosperity becomes unhampered. How can he find benefit inaccessible—he in whose presence the eight Siddhis (achievements) dance always for the sake of propitiation with speechless mouths or with lowered faces. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Daridra (दरिद्र) refers to “poverty” which is specified as the consequence of a doorway (dvāraphala) at Diti (one of the peripheral padas of the 9 by 9 deity map), according to the Devyāmata (chapter 105).—Accordingly, [while describing the consequences of a doorway]—“[...] At Aditi is trouble from women. At Diti is poverty (daridradaridrā gṛhiṇo ditau). Specifically listed with their own deities are those doorways which are especially good. Listen with care. The third one, named Jaya, brings great power and wealth. [...]

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Daridra (दरिद्र) refers to a “needy person”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXXII-XXXIV).—Accordingly, “[...] And so the Buddhas use the wisdom (prajñā) of the true nature of things and make beings obtain it: this is the loving-kindness ‘without object’. It is as if one gave material (vasu) objects to a needy person (daridra), precious things of gold or silver and [finally] the precious wish-fulfilling gem: it is the same for the loving-kindness that has beings as object, the loving-kindness that has things as object and the loving-kindness without object, respectively”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Daridra (दरिद्र) refers to “poverty”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “Then the Bodhisattva named Kālarāja addressed himself to the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja: ‘In this Saha universe, son of good family, there are living beings suffering from poverty (daridra), lacking food or drink, and wearing ragged clothes; there are hungry ghosts tormented by hunger and thirst, covering themselves with their hairs, and subsisting on such as spittle, mucus, blood, and pus. In order to protect these living beings, please pour down the rain of food, drink, and clothing!’ [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Dāridra (दारिद्र) refers to “poverty”, according to the Kalaśa Pūjā [i.e., Kalasha Worship] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Homage always to Vasundharā, enabling to cross an ocean of poverty (dāridra-arṇava-tāraṇī), Goddess of the beloved art of worship, granting the success of Lakṣmī, [Recite Lakṣmī stotra] Śrī Lakṣmī, Mahādevī, bestowing success in everything, A goddess granting all pleasure, Mahālakṣmī, I give homage”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Daridra (दरिद्र) refers to “poor (persons)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “As the young so the old, as the rich [com.daridra—‘poor’] so the poor, as the brave so the cowardly—Yama devours [all] equally. When Yama is an opponent of embodied souls, all elephants, horses, men, and soldiers and the powers of mantras and medicines become useless”.

Synonyms: Durvidha.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

daridra (दरिद्र).—a (S) Poor, needy, indigent.

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daridra (दरिद्र).—n S Poverty. 2 Want, deficiency, absence (of necessaries).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

daridra (दरिद्र).—a Poor, needy, indigent.n Poverty; want.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daridrā (दरिद्रा).—2 P. (daridrati, daridrita; Caus. daridrayati desid- didaridrāsati, didaridriṣati)

1) To be poor or needy; अधोऽ ध पश्यतः कस्य महिमा नोपजायते । उपर्युपरि पश्यन्तः सर्व एव दरिद्रति (adho' dha paśyataḥ kasya mahimā nopajāyate | uparyupari paśyantaḥ sarva eva daridrati) || H.2.2; Bhaṭṭikāvya 18.31.

2) To be in distress; युक्तं ममैव किं वक्तुं दरिद्रति यथा हरिः (yuktaṃ mamaiva kiṃ vaktuṃ daridrati yathā hariḥ) Bhaṭṭikāvya 5.86.

3) To become thin or sparse; दरिद्रति वियद्द्रुमे कुसुमकान्तयस्तारकाः (daridrati viyaddrume kusumakāntayastārakāḥ) Vikr.11.74.

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Daridra (दरिद्र).—n. [daridrā-ka] Poor, needy, indigent, in distressed circumstances; स तु भवतु दरिद्रो यस्य तृष्णा विशाला मनसि च परितुष्टे कोऽर्थवान् को दरिद्रः (sa tu bhavatu daridro yasya tṛṣṇā viśālā manasi ca parituṣṭe ko'rthavān ko daridraḥ) Bhartṛhari 3.5. °ताम् (tām) Poverty; शङ्क- नीया हि लोकेऽस्मिन्निष्प्रतापा दरिद्रता (śaṅka- nīyā hi loke'sminniṣpratāpā daridratā) Mṛcchakaṭika 3.24.

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Dāridra (दारिद्र).—[dāridrasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ] Poverty, indigence; दारिद्र्यदोषो गुणराशिनाशी (dāridryadoṣo guṇarāśināśī) Subhāṣ.

Derivable forms: dāridram (दारिद्रम्).

See also (synonyms): dāridrya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daridra (दरिद्र).—mfn.

(-draḥ-drā-draṃ) Poor, needy, indigent, distressed. E. daridrā to be poor, affix ka .

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Daridrā (दरिद्रा).—r. 2nd cl. (daridrāti) 3rd plu. (daridrati) To be poor or needy. adā0 para0 aka0 seṭ .

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Dāridra (दारिद्र).—n.

(-draṃ) Poverty. E. daridra and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daridra (दरिद्र).—(derived from an old frequentat. of drā), adj., f. . 1. Strolling (ved.). 2. Poor, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 230.

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Daridrā (दरिद्रा).—see drā.

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Dāridra (दारिद्र).— (perhaps to be corrected to dāridrya), i. e. daridra + a, n. Poverty, [Pañcatantra] 95, 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daridra (दरिद्र).—[adjective] vagrant, strolling, poor, needy, [masculine] beggar; [abstract] † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

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Daridra (दरिद्र).—[adjective] vagrant, strolling, poor, needy, [masculine] beggar; [abstract] † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

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Daridrā (दरिद्रा).—v. 1 drā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Daridra (दरिद्र):—mf(ā)n. (√drā, [Intensive] [Pāṇini 6-4, 114], [vArttika] 2) roving, strolling, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā iii, 1, 1, 2] (ridra), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xvi, 47; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa i, 6, 1, 18; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa]

2) poor, needy, deprived of ([instrumental case] [Kathāsaritsāgara lxxiii]; in [compound], [lxiv; Bhartṛhari iv, 11]), m. a beggar, [Manu-smṛti ix, 230; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (ifc. f(ā). , [Kathāsaritsāgara xc, 26])

3) cf. mahā-.

4) Dāridra (दारिद्र):—n. probably [wrong reading] for

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Daridra (दरिद्र):—[(draḥ-drā-draṃ) a.] Poor.

2) Daridrā (दरिद्रा):—(la) daridrāti 2. a. To be poor.

3) Dāridra (दारिद्र):—(draṃ) 1. n. Indigence.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Daridra (दरिद्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Daridda, Daliddā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Daridra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Daridra in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Daridra (दरिद्र):—(a) poor, pauper; shabby; of low qualities; wretched; (nm) poverty, miseries, miserable plight, wretched state; ~[] poverty, pauperdom, pauperism; miserable plight; ~[nārāyaṇa] the have-not, the poor; —[dūra honā] all miseries to be gone.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Daridra (ದರಿದ್ರ):—[adjective] despicable, contemptible or mean.

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Daridra (ದರಿದ್ರ):—

1) [noun] a very poor, distressed man.

2) [noun] the condition of a destitute; utter poverty.

3) [noun] an unlucky man.

4) [noun] the fact or condition of not having enough; shortage; deficiency.

5) [noun] ದೈವದ ದಯೆ ಇದ್ದವಗೆ ದರಿದ್ರವಿಲ್ಲ [daivada daye iddavage daridravilla] daivada daye iddavage daridravilla he who is under care and benevolent guidance of god will never become a destitute; ಸಮುದ್ರದ ನಂಟು, ಉಪ್ಪಿಗೆ ದರಿದ್ರ [samudrada namtu, uppige daridra] samudrada naṇṭu, uppige daridra said of a condition in which one has abundant wealth or proximity to resources, but of no use.

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Dāridra (ದಾರಿದ್ರ):—

1) [noun] = ದಾರಿದ್ರ್ಯ [daridrya].

2) [noun] a man lacking minimum necessities of life; a poor man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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