Gayaka, Gāyaka: 20 definitions


Gayaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Gayak.

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)

Gāyaka (गायक, “musician”) is an official title designating one of the seventy-two officers (niyoga) of the Bāhattaraniyogādhipati circle, according to the Inscriptional glossary of Andhra Pradesh (Śāsana-śabdakośāmu). The bāhattaraniyoga-adhipati is the highest executive officer of this circle (including a Gāyaka). For example: During the reign of Gaṇapatideva, the area extending between Pānagal to Mārjavāḍi was entrusted to Gaṇḍapeṇḍāru Gangayasāhiṇi as Bāhattaraniyogādhipati. Later on, this office was entrusted to Kāyastha Jannigadeva.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Gāyaka (गायक).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Śloka 67, Chapter 85, Śalya Parva).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gāyaka (गायक) refers to “musicians”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.47 (“The ceremonious entry of Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Musicians (gāyaka) sang auspicious songs. Dancing girls danced to the tune. Accompanied by these, attended upon by all important gods and with flowers showered on Him delightedly, the sole kinsman of the universe walked ahead shedding lordly splendour. Lord Śiva, eulogised with many hymns of praise, entered the sacrificial altar. He was duly worshipped. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Gāyaka (गायक) refers to one of the Pañcācārya, representing members of the dance troupe employed in Śiva temples.—Performance of śuddhanṛtta or classical dance by Rudrakanyā accompanied by Pañcācārya [viz., Gāyaka] is known as saukhyakarma. This is recommended to be performed as part of nityotsava, sthāpana, prokṣana, prāyaścitta, adbhutaśānti, utsava, snapana, māsapūjā, homakarma, dhvajārohaṇa and other kāmya-karma. The Pañcācāryas are Nartaka, Mardaka, Gāyaka, Vāṃśika and Mauravika. Those who know the seven svaras and the science of music are known as Gāyaka.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Gāyaka (गायक) refers to “singers”, according to the Mayasaṃgraha (verse 5.156-187).—Accordingly, [while describing the pura on a 9-by-9-plan and the 32 padas]—“At Gṛhakṣata one should set up [a storeroom for] bows, arrows, swords, and other weapons. At Yama there should be a place for ascetics to achieve contemplation of the self. Singers are stationed (gāyaka-sthāna) at Gandharva. At Bhṛṅga is a hall for the exposition [of the śāstras]. Or one may construct a large maṭha on the four [positions] which are Gṛhakṣata and [Yama, Gandharva and Bhṛṅga]”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gāyaka : (m.) a singer.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Gāyaka, (fr. next) a singer PvA.3 (naṭaka°). (Page 249)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gāyaka (गायक).—m ( H) A singer or vocalist.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gāyaka (गायक).—m A singer or vocalist.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gāyaka (गायक).—[gai-ṇvul]

1) A singer, musician; न नटा न विटा न गायकाः (na naṭā na viṭā na gāyakāḥ) Bhartṛhari 3.27.

2) An actor.

Derivable forms: gāyakaḥ (गायकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gāyaka (गायक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Singing, one who sings. m.

(-kaḥ) A singer. E. gai to sing, ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gāyaka (गायक).—i. e. gai + aka, m. A singer, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 65, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gāyaka (गायक).—[masculine] ī [feminine] singer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gāyaka (गायक):—[from ] a mfn. one who sings, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a singer, [Mahābhārata xii, xiv; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, x; Bhartṛhari]

3) b gāyat See 3. .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gāyaka (गायक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A singer.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gāyaka (गायक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gāa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gayaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Gāyaka (गायक) [Also spelled gayak]:—(nm) a singer; musician; vocalist; ~[] singing, vocal music; traditional style (in music); ~[ka -vṛṃda] chorus.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gāyaka (ಗಾಯಕ):—

1) [noun] a male singer, vocalist.

2) [noun] the bird Vanellus vanellus with broad, rounded wings; a lapwing.

3) [noun] the act or an instance of singing.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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