Mica: 2 definitions


Mica means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Google Books: The Alchemical Body

Mica (called abhraka, gagana, vyoma or kha), one of the three major mineral manifestations of the Goddess. Mica is already identified with the Goddess’s sexual emission in the Rasārṇava and Rasaratnasamucchaya.

A short account of its origin is found in the Rasakāmadhenu:

“One day the hillborn Goddess saw the mind-boggling Hara; the ‘semen’ (vīrya) she shed produced brilliant mica.”

The Rasendra-bhāskara reproduces this account with minor emendations, adding that

“because it fell from the firmanent (gaganāt) it is also called gagana; because it wandered (abhramāt) through the clouds (abhra), it is called abhraka.”

These are the two principal Sanskrit terms for mica.

Another name for mica, the Goddess’s sexual emission, is vyoma. Now, vyoma is also, at least from the time of the Suśruta-saṃhitā, a term used for the element ether, which is identified, in Sāṃkhya, as the substrate of the sound tanmātra as well as o the sense of hearing. Like vyoma, gagana and kha are also terms that signify both mica and ether. Located as it is at the summit of the hierarchy of the five elements, ether is, both temporally and logically the first of the elements that emanates from the second guṇa, rajas.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Discover the meaning of mica in the context of Rasashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

Mica is denoted by the Sanskrit term Abhraka and represents one of the materials used to make Colours in the ancient Indian tradition of Painting (citra), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy. In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, various materials are seen to be used to make colours. e.g., Mica (abhraka). Also, five colours are regarded as the primary ones, (viz., white, yellow, colour of vilomata, black, dark blue.). A painter can create hundreds or thousands of colours by amalgamating the primary colours.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of mica in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

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