Melaka: 11 definitions


Melaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Google Books: The Khecarividya of Adinatha

Melaka (मेलक) in tantric Śaiva texts implies Yoginīmelaka, “a meeting with Yoginīs”, in which the sādhaka causes a circle (cakra) of Yoginīs to surround him and grant him siddhis. This reward of tantric sādhana is often mentioned in the texts and exegesis of the Bhairavāgama, such as the Mālinīvijayottaratantra, the Jayadrathayāmala, the Tantrāloka and the Kubjikāmatatantra. The Kaulajñānanirṇaya describes yoginīmelaka and its rewards in detail. Melaka is never explicitly stated to be a meeting with yoginīs in the Khecarīvidyā, but 3.56a suggests this by mentioning Khecarīmelana. All the occurrences of Melaka are found in the earliest layer of the text (in the context of the vidyā) and later tradition does not understand it as referring to a meeting with yoginīs.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Melaka (मेलक) refers to “union” (i.e., union with the Yoginīs), according to the Kulapañcāśikā, an unpublished text attributed to Matsyendranātha teaching secrecy.—Accordingly, “O Hara, why is it that those people who are great heroes devoted to worship and meditation, greedy to drink (the sacrificial) blood—who, well established, carry swords and are devoted, O god, to wandering at night in cremation ground(s)—do not always attain union with the Yoginīs? [i.e., yoginī-melaka]”.—Note: The Kulapañcāśikā is quoted by Kṣemarāja in his commentary on the Netratantra 8.28 (= Kulapañcāśikā 3.7-8) and on Śivasūtra 3.26 (= Kulapañcāśikā 3.19).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Melaka (मेलक).—m.

(-kaḥ) Meeting, union, assemblage. E. mela the same, kan added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Melaka (मेलक).—[mela + ka], m. Assemblage, [Hitopadeśa] 72, 17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Melaka (मेलक).—[masculine] = [preceding], kaṃ kṛ assemble.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Melaka (मेलक):—[from mela] m. idem, [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra] (kaṃ-√kṛ, to assemble together)

2) [v.s. ...] conjunction (of planets, in graha-m), [Sūryasiddhānta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Melaka (मेलक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Melaka (मेलक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Melaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Melaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mēlaka (ಮೇಲಕ):—[noun] = ಮೇಲ - [mela -] 1 & 5.

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Mēḷaka (ಮೇಳಕ):—[noun] = ಮೇಳ - [mela -] 1 & 5.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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