Yoginimelaka, Yoginīmelaka, Yogini-melaka: 3 definitions


Yoginimelaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Yoginimelaka in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Yoginīmelaka (योगिनीमेलक) refers to “union with the Yoginīs”, according to the Kulapañcāśikā, an unpublished text attributed to Matsyendranātha teaching secrecy.—Accordingly, “O Hara, why is it that those people who are great heroes devoted to worship and meditation, greedy to drink (the sacrificial) blood—who, well established, carry swords and are devoted, O god, to wandering at night in cremation ground(s)—do not always attain union with the Yoginīs? [i.e., yoginīmelaka]”.—Note: The Kulapañcāśikā is quoted by Kṣemarāja in his commentary on the Netratantra 8.28 (= Kulapañcāśikā 3.7-8) and on Śivasūtra 3.26 (= Kulapañcāśikā 3.19).

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Yoginimelaka in Yoga glossary
Source: Google Books: The Khecarividya of Adinatha

Yoginīmelaka (योगिनीमेलक) (or simply Melaka) implies “a meeting with Yoginīs” in which the sādhaka causes a circle (cakra) of Yoginīs to surround him and grant him siddhis. This reward of tantric sādhana is often mentioned in the texts and exegesis of the Bhairavāgama, such as the Mālinīvijayottaratantra, the Jayadrathayāmala, the Tantrāloka and the Kubjikāmatatantra. The Kaulajñānanirṇaya describes yoginīmelaka and its rewards in detail. Melaka is never explicitly stated to be a meeting with yoginīs in the Khecarīvidyā, but 3.56a suggests this by mentioning Khecarīmelana. All the occurrences of Melaka are found in the earliest layer of the text (in the context of the vidyā) and later tradition does not understand it as referring to a meeting with yoginīs.

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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Yoginimelaka in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Yoginīmelaka (योगिनीमेलक) refers to “visionary encounters with the Goddesses”, according to the Brahmayāmala-tantra (or Picumata), an early 7th century Śaiva text consisting of twelve-thousand verses.—Later chapters of the text introduce Yogic practices and emphases seemingly unanticipated in the core fifty-odd chapters. These include systems of meditation focused on a series of inner voids and resonances, a yoga system based on internalization of visionary encounters with the goddesses (yoginīmelaka), yogic practices for cheating death (a system which, in contrast to the core chapters, attests the bodily kuṇḍalinī), and a kind of “yoga of absorption” (layayoga) based on the granthis of the principal padmamālā.

Note: Attainment of direct, power-bestowing encounters [i.e., yoginīmelaka] with the goddesses is one of the Brahmayāmala’s dominant ritual aims, as illustrated by the “rite for the mastery of vetālas” (ch. 15), “rite of the great churning” (ch. 46), “pavilion of power” (ch. 47), and “worship in the pit [of power]” (ch. 48). These virtuoso and macabre performances may culminate with the goddesses manifesting bodily before the Sādhaka and granting boons.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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