Mayil; 2 Definition(s)


Mayil means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Mayil (मयिल्).—(peacock) In Uttara Rāmāyaṇa there is a story about how the peacock got its beauty. Mayil in Malayālam means peacock.

Once Rāvaṇa set out in his Puṣpaka Vimāna with his army of Rākṣasas, determined to gain victory over all Kings. They got down on the mountain called Uśīravīra. Rāvaṇa examined the valley to see whether there were any Kings doing tapas anywhere there. A King named Marutta was performing a yāga called "Māheśvara" in an āśrama. Indra and other gods were also present to receive the share of offerings (Havirbhāga). At the sight of Rāvaṇa, the gods took different disguises and fled in panic. At that time Indra assumed the form of a big peacock. As soon as Rāvaṇa left the place, the gods reassembled there. From that time, Indra who put on the disguise of a peacock felt a special attachment to that bird. He called the peacock and said:—"Till now you were blue in colour. But from today onwards, your feathers will have various colours. All my thousand eyes I transfer to you Besides, you will be immune from all diseases. Whoever kills you, will meet with death, soon after. You will dance at the commencement of the rainy season. People will greet you with enthusiasm."

It is because of Indra’s blessing that Peacocks are so beautiful in appearance and dance at the onset of the rainy season.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Mayil (“peacock”) refers to a type of animal form, representing one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The animals and birds found as vehicles for the deities or held as attributes or weapons in the hands of the deities are, for example, Mayil.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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