Matar, aka: Mātar; 1 Definition(s)


Matar means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Matar in Pali glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mātar, (f.) (Vedic mātā, stem mātar°, Av. mātar-, Gr. mήthr (Doric mάthr) Lat. māter, Oir. māthir, Ohg. muoter, Ags. modor=mother; Cp. further Gr. mήtra uterus, Lat. mātrix id. , Sk. mātṛkā mother, grandmother, Ger. mieder corset. From Idg. *ma, onomat. part. , cp. “mamma”) mother.—Cases: Nom. sg. mātā Sn. 296; Dh. 43; J. IV, 463; V, 83; VI, 117; Nd2 504 (def. as janikā); Gen. mātu Th. 1, 473; Vin. I, 17; J. I, 52; mātuyā J. I, 53; Mhvs 10, 80; PvA. 31; and mātāya J. I, 62; Dat. mātu Mhvs 9, 19; Acc. mātaraṃ Sn. 60, 124; Dh. 294; Instr. mātarā Th. 2, 212; Loc. mātari Dh. 284 — pl. does not occur. In combn with pitā father, mātā always precedes the former, thus mātā-pitaro (pl.) “mother & father” (see below).—mātito (Abl. -adv.) from the mother’s side (cp. pitito) D. I, 113; A. III, 151; PvA. 29.—On mātā in simile see J. P. T. S. 1907, 122; cp. Vism. 321 (simile of a mother’s solicitude for her children). Similarly the pop. etym. of mātā is given, with “mamāyatī ti mātā” at VbhA. 107.—The 4 bases of m. in compn are: mātā°, māti°, mātu°, & matti°.—1. mātā°: —pitaro mother & father D. III, 66, 188 sq.; Sn. 404; Miln. 12. See also pitā. —pitika having mother & father DhA. II, 2. —pitiṭṭhāna place of m. & f. DhA. II, 95. —pettika having m. & f. , of m. & f. Nd2 385 (nāma-gotta). —petti-bhāra supporting one’s m. & f. S. I, 228; J. I, 202; VI, 498. —maha maternal grandfather J. IV, 146; DhA. I, 346.—2. māti°: —devatā protector or guardian of one’s mother J. III, 422 (gloss: mātu-devatā viya). —pakkha the mother’s side DhA. I, 4 (+pitipakkha). —posaka supporting one’s m. J. III, 422 (v. l. mātu°).—3. mātu°: —upaṭṭhāna (spelt mātupaṭṭh°) reverence towards one’s m. DhA. IV, 14. —kucchi m’s womb D. II, 12; Vism. 560 (°gata); VbhA. 96; DhA. I, 127. —gāma “genex feminarum, ” womanfolk, women (collectively cp. Ger, frauen-zimmer) A. II, 126; Vin. IV, 175; M. I, 448, 462; III, 126; S. IV, 239 sq.; J. I, 201; III, 90, 530. (pl. °gāmā p. 531); Pug. 68; SnA 355; PvA. 271; VvA. 77. —ghāta & (usually) °ka a matricide (+pitu-ghātaka; see abhiṭhāna) Vin. I, 168, 320; Miln. 310; Tikp 167 sq.; VbhA. 425. —ghātikamma matricide Tikp. 281. —bhūta having been his mother PvA. 78. —mattin (see matta1 4) whatever is a mother S. IV, 110 (°īsu mātucittaṃ upaṭṭhapeti foster the thought of mother towards whatever is a mother, where in sequence with bhaginī-mattin & dhītumattin). —hadaya a mother’s heart PvA. 63.—4. matti°: see matti-sambhava. (Page 527)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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