Mahishasura, aka: Mahisha-asura, Mahiṣāsura; 5 Definition(s)
Mahishasura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Mahiṣāsura can be transliterated into English as Mahisasura or Mahishasura, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Mahiṣāsura (स्त्रीघ्न) is an Asura king who started the battle between the gods (devas) between the demons (asuras) in order to win over the hand of Trikalā, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 94. Trikalā is a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva). Mahiṣāsura faced Indra in battle whom he also defeated.
The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Mahiṣāsura (or “the buffalo-demon”) represents the gross negative aspect of Tamas which obstructs and thwarts spiritual progress. As the personification of the Tāmasic Ahaṃkāra — he constantly and adroitly changes shape whenever he is confronted by Durgā.Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Devi
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Mahishasura was a mighty Asura, born to the King of Asuras named Rambha (different from the divine nymph Rambha). When Rambha was walking in the street, he saw a beautiful female buffalo. He was immediately smitten with desire and sated his lust on the poor animal. The demon Mahishasura was born of this union. In Sanskrit Mahisha=Buffalo.
He became the king of the Asuras after his father. As was the custom of the Asuras, he prosecuted a terrible war with the Devas. To help his kinsmen gain the upper hand, Mahishasura performed a tough penance directed at Lord Brahma. Pleased, the Lord granted a boon to him that death shall not approach him, save by means of a woman.Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
According to tāntric lore, Mahiṣāsura first took birth in Raṃbhakalpa as the son of Raṃbhāsura. In that birth, he was slain by Parāmbā in her form as Aṣṭādaśabhujā Ugracaṇḍā who used a śvetakhaḍga to kill the demon. This form of Parāmbā is invoked through the famous Navākṣarī mantra.
Again, in the Nīlalohita kalpa, Mahiṣāsura took birth and this time, he was killed by ṣodaśabhujā Bhadrakālī who used a śvetabāṇa to destroy him.
Finally, he was born a third time in śvetavarāha kalpa but he remembered his previous births by the grace of sage Jaigīṣavya. Having realized the possibility of death again at the hands of Mahāmāyā , he resorted to ekānta bhakti (kāyika, vācika, mānasika) and immersed himself in the upāsanā of Parāśakti. After twelve-thousand years of upāsanā, Bhagavatī manifested before him and he addressed her thus:Source: Sri Kamakoti Mandali: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
Mahiṣāsura (महिषासुर).—the demon Mahiṣa. °घातिनी, °मथनी, °मर्दनी, °सूदनी (ghātinī, °mathanī, °mardanī, °sūdanī) epithets of Durgā.
Derivable forms: mahiṣāsuraḥ (महिषासुरः).
Mahiṣāsura is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahiṣa and asura (असुर).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Starts with: Mahishasuramardini.
Full-text (+46): Katyayani, Udarka, Bidala, Kalabandhaka, Mhaisasura, Trinetra, Mhasasura, Dandiya, Rakta, Cikshura, Raktabija, Karambha, Dhusadhusanem, Raudrashva, Shatashringa, Viramurti, Durga, Alamsharman, Vighasa, Krura.
Search found 8 books and stories containing Mahishasura, Mahisha-asura, Mahiṣāsura, Mahisasura, Mahisa-asura, Mahiṣa-asura; (plurals include: Mahishasuras, asuras, Mahiṣāsuras, Mahisasuras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 2 - On the birth of Dānava Mahiṣa < [Book 5]
Chapter 12 - On the anecdote of Sāvarṇi Manu < [Book 10]
The Mahabharata - Fourth Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 10 - The Fight with Mahiṣāsura < [Section 3a - Arunācala-khaṇḍa (Pūrvārdha)]
Chapter 11 - Mahiṣāsura Slain: His Head Stuck to Gaurī’s Hand < [Section 3a - Arunācala-khaṇḍa (Pūrvārdha)]
Chapter 24 - Vajrāṅgada Attains Salvation < [Section 3b - Arunācala-khaṇḍa (Uttarārdha)]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 57 - Gajāsura is slain < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 46 - Incarnation of Mahālakṣmī < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 10 - The Battle Between the Demigods and the Demons < [Canto VIII - Withdrawal of the Cosmic Creations]
Middle Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)