Kutumba, Kuṭumba, Kutumbā: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Kutumba means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kutumbā (कुतुम्बा) is another name for Droṇapuṣpī a medicinal plant identified with either Leucas cephalotes Spreng., Leucas aspera Sprekg. or Leucas linifolia Spreng., all from the Lamiaceae or “mint” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.137-138 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Kutumbā and Droṇapuṣpī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Kuṭumba (कुटुम्ब) represents the number 2 (two) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 2—kuṭumba] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Kuṭumba (कुटुम्ब) refers to “family” (relations), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the unfixed nature (aniyatatvam) of family (kuṭumbasya) (relations)]—For corporeal [souls] the mother becomes the daughter, the sister, even the wife. The father, moreover, becomes the son and he obtains the paternal home”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kuṭumba.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘two’. Note: kuṭumba is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kutumba in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kuṭumba : (nt.) family.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kuṭumba, (nt.) family property & estates J. I, 122, 225; rāja° (and °kuṭumbaka) the king’s property J. I, 369, 439.—kuṭumbaṃ saṇṭhapeti to set up an establishment J. I, 225; II, 423; III, 376. (Page 219)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuṭumba (कुटुंब).—n (S) A family or household. 2 The mistress of a family, or of the house: also a wife gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kuṭumba (कुटुंब).—n A family. The mistress of a family or of the house; also a wife gen.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuṭumba (कुटुम्ब).—

1) A household, a family; परमियं ब्राह्मणी अस्मिन् कुटुम्बे (paramiyaṃ brāhmaṇī asmin kuṭumbe) Mahābhārata on P.I.4.2. उदारचरितानां तु वसुधैव कुटुम्बकम् (udāracaritānāṃ tu vasudhaiva kuṭumbakam) H.1.68; Y.2.45; Manusmṛti 11.12,22; 8.166.

2) The duties and cares of a family; तदु- पहितकुटुम्बः (tadu- pahitakuṭumbaḥ) R.7.71.

3) Name of the second astrological mansion (artha).

-vaḥ, -vam 1 A kinsman, a relation by descent or marriage.

2) Offspring, progeny.

3) A name.

4) Race.

5) A group, collection; Vikr. 1.92.

See also (synonyms): kuṭumbaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṭumba (कुटुम्ब).—m.

(-mbaḥ) 1. A name. 2. A kinsman, a relation by descent 3. A connexion, a relation by the mother’s side, by marriage, &c. 4. Offspring, progeny. 5. Family, race. E. kuṭumba to support a family, and ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṭumba (कुटुम्ब).—n. 1. Household, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 95. 2. Family, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 22. 3. Family goods, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 199.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṭumba (कुटुम्ब).—[neuter] household, family.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuṭumba (कुटुम्ब):—n. a household, members of a household, family, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) the care of a family, house-keeping (hence metaphorically care or anxiety about anything; ifc. [Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, 9, 39])

3) Name of the second astrological mansion (= artha), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka]

4) mn. name, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) race, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) a relation (by descent, or by marriage from the mother’s side), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) offspring, progeny, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṭumba (कुटुम्ब):—(mbaḥ) 1. m. A name; a kinsman; offspring; family.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kuṭumba (कुटुम्ब) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kuḍuṃva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kutumba in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kutumba in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kuṭuṃba (कुटुंब) [Also spelled kutumb]:—(nm) a family, household; ~[] a member of the family, kinsman: a householder; ~[ba calānā/pālanā] to maintain a family, to run a household.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Kutuṃba (कुतुंब) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kustumba.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kuṭuṃba (ಕುಟುಂಬ):—

1) [noun] those people who can trace their descent from a common ancestor; a house, a lineage; a family.

2) [noun] a social unit consisting of parents, children of a family.

3) [noun] a woman as related to her husband; a wife.

4) [noun] a scientific division of plants or animals, ranking above a genus and below an order; a family.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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