Kutumbika, Kuṭumbika, Kuṭumbikā, Kutumbikā: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Kutumbika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kutumbika in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Kuṭumbikā (कुटुम्बिका) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Kuṭumbikā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kuṭumbikā (कुटुम्बिका).—A mother goddess.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 30.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kutumbika in Shaktism glossary
Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Kuṭumbikā (कुटुम्बिका) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Kuṭumbikā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Kutumbika in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kutumbikā (कुतुम्बिका) is another name for Droṇapuṣpī a medicinal plant identified with either Leucas cephalotes Spreng., Leucas aspera Sprekg. or Leucas linifolia Spreng., all from the Lamiaceae or “mint” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.137-138 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Kutumbikā and Droṇapuṣpī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kutumbika in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kuṭūmbika : (m.) the head of a family; a house-holder.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kuṭumbika, see kuṭimbika. (Page 219)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kutumbika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuṭumbika (कुटुम्बिक).—m.

1) A householder, married man, (a pater familias,) one who has a family to support or take care of; प्रायेण गृहिणीनेत्राः कन्यार्थेषु कुटुम्बिनः (prāyeṇa gṛhiṇīnetrāḥ kanyārtheṣu kuṭumbinaḥ) Ku.6.85; V.3.1; Ms.3.8; Y.2.45.

2) (fig.) One who takes care of anything.

3) A peasant.

4) A member of a family; &Saute;ānti.4.9.

5) (-m.) A homeslave.

-nī 1 The wife of a householder, a house-wife (in charge of the house); द्रव्योपकरणं सर्वं नान्ववैक्षत्कुटुम्बिनी (dravyopakaraṇaṃ sarvaṃ nānvavaikṣatkuṭumbinī) Mb.12.228.6. भवतु कुटुम्बिनीमाहूय पृच्छामि (bhavatu kuṭumbinīmāhūya pṛcchāmi) Mu.1; प्रभ- वन्त्योऽपि हि भर्तुषु कारणकोपाः कुटुम्बिन्यः (prabha- vantyo'pi hi bhartuṣu kāraṇakopāḥ kuṭumbinyaḥ) M.1.17; R.8.86; Amaru.56.

2) A large household or family.

3) A woman in general.

4) A sharer; यावदिदानीमीदृशशोक- विनोदनार्थमवस्थाकुटुम्बिनीं मैथिलीं पश्यामि (yāvadidānīmīdṛśaśoka- vinodanārthamavasthākuṭumbinīṃ maithilīṃ paśyāmi) |

5) A female servant of a house.

Derivable forms: kuṭumbikaḥ (कुटुम्बिकः).

See also (synonyms): kuṭumbin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṭumbika (कुटुम्बिक).—i. e. kuṭumba + ika, adj. Taking care of one’s family, Mahābhārata 13, 4401.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuṭumbika (कुटुम्बिक):—[from kuṭumba] mfn. taking care of a household, [Mahābhārata xiii, 4401]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a home-slave, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Kutumbika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kutumbika in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kuṭuṃbika (ಕುಟುಂಬಿಕ):—[noun] = ಕುಟುಂಬಿ [kutumbi].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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