Kushana, Kuṣāṇa: 4 definitions


Kushana means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism

Kushana kings dominated over North India from 1129 BCE to 1049 BCE. King Kanishka conquered up to Magadha and Orissa. King Kharavela of Kalinga invaded Magadha in 1049 BCE and drove the Khatrapas of Kushanas (Kharavela refers to them as Yavanas) to Mathura as recorded in Hathigumpha inscription. Thus, the kingdom of Kushanas reduced up to Matura only.

India history and geography

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (history)

Kushana’s rule of Oḍḍiyāna.—The last great pre-Muslim empire to rule this region [i.e., Swat Valley] was that of the Kushanas up to the end of the 4th century CE. The following four centuries saw Sasanid rule, then that of the Hephtalites, and the Turkish Shahis. These were followed by the Hindu Shahis who ruled first from Kabul and then Hind on the Indus. By this time there had already been a few Arab incursions that further weakened this divided Afghan empire.

Source: academia.edu: The Chronology of Ancient Gandhara and Bactria

The Chronology of Early Kushanas (1250-950 BCE).—Kushanas were the successors of Indo-Greek or Yavana kings in the region of Gandhara and Bactria. Kujula Kadphises founded the rule of Kushanas in the second half of the 13th century BCE. Kushana Kings used old Bactrian script in their inscriptions and coins. Buddhist sources clearly indicate that King Kanishka reigned 700 years after Buddha nirvana (1865 BCE).

Most probably, Kushana royal families of Bactria and Gandhara had marriage relations with the Khurasani Persians since 900 BCE. When the Sasanians founded their empire in Persia after 550 BCE, the later Kushanas became their natural allies in Gandhara and Bactria. Thus, Kushano-Sasanian kings reigned in Bactria and Gandhara during the period 550-300 BCE.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (history)

Kushana refers to a certain period in the history of Indian Art.—The chronological order of the development of Indian Art as stated in The Heritage of Indian Art is as follows—[...] 8. Kuśāṇa period belongs to 1 A.D.-176 A.D. This period includes Mathura school of sculpture, in where the Buddha images has been originated. Gāndhāra school of sculpture in Northwestern India is also a remarkable contribution in the field of Art in the Kuśāṇa period.

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context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of kushana in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

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