Kushinagara, Kuśīnagara, Kuśinagara, Kushi-nagara, Kusināgara: 7 definitions


Kushinagara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kuśīnagara and Kuśinagara can be transliterated into English as Kusinagara or Kushinagara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Kushinagara in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Kuśinagara (कुशिनगर) is the name of a forest where Subhadra went to meet with the Buddha, according to the Subhadrabrahmacārisūtra as related in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “The next day, Subhadra went to the forest of Kiu yi na kie (Kuśinagara). He met Ānanda and said to him: ‘I have heard that your teacher teaches a new path to nirvāṇa and today, during the last watch of the night, he is going to undergo cessation (nirodha). I feel some doubts (kāṅkṣā) and I would like to see the Buddha so that he can dispel them’.”

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Kuśinagara (कुशिनगर) or Kusināra is known to the ancient site of Buddha’s Mahāparinirvāṇa. It was situated 9 miles the West of Guwahati and 8 miles the South of Hayagriva Madhava temple of Hajo. 

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Kuśīnagara (कुशीनगर) is a place name ending in nagara or nagarī mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Kuśīnagara is also known as Kusinar in the way that nagara is changed to nar.

Source: archive.org: Buddhist records of the Western World

Kuśinagara (कुशिनगर) is the name of an ancient city mentioned by Xuanzang (or, Hiuen Tsiang) in his “records of the Western world”.—The capital of this country is in ruins, and its towns and villages waste and desolate... To the north-west of the city 3 or 4 li, crossing the Ajitavatī (O-shi-to-fa-ti) river, on the western bank, not far, we come to a grove of śāla trees... There is (here) a great brick vihāra, in which is a figure of the Nirvāṇa of Tathāgata... By the side of the vihāra, and not far from it, is a stūpa. This denotes the place where Bodhisattva, when practising a religious life, was born as the king of a flock of pheasants (kapiñjala), and caused a fire to be put out... By the side of this, not far off, is a stūpa. On this spot Bodhisattva, when practising a religious life, being at that time a deer, saved (or, rescued) living creatures.

Note: Kuśinagara, Kuśinagarī, Kuśanagara, Kuśigrāmaka, or Kuśinārā, the scene of Buddha’s death and burial, has been identified by Wilson and Cunningham with the present village of Kasia, 35 miles to the east of Gorakhpur. It stood close to the Hiraṇyavatī river (Fo-sho-hing-tsan-king, v. 2200); this must be the same as the Little Gaṇḍakī river, or one of its feeders; The channel of this river, however, has undergone frequent changes.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kushinagara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuśinagara (कुशिनगर):—[=kuśi-nagara] [from kuśi > kuśa] n. Name of the capital of the Mallas, [Buddhist literature]

[Sanskrit to German]

Kushinagara in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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