Kushinagara, Kuśīnagara, Kuśinagara, Kushi-nagara, Kusināgara: 7 definitions
Kushinagara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Kuśīnagara and Kuśinagara can be transliterated into English as Kusinagara or Kushinagara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Kuśinagara (कुशिनगर) is the name of a forest where Subhadra went to meet with the Buddha, according to the Subhadrabrahmacārisūtra as related in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “The next day, Subhadra went to the forest of Kiu yi na kie (Kuśinagara). He met Ānanda and said to him: ‘I have heard that your teacher teaches a new path to nirvāṇa and today, during the last watch of the night, he is going to undergo cessation (nirodha). I feel some doubts (kāṅkṣā) and I would like to see the Buddha so that he can dispel them’.”
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
India history and geographySource: Wisdom Library: India History
Kuśinagara (कुशिनगर) or Kusināra is known to the ancient site of Buddha’s Mahāparinirvāṇa. It was situated 9 miles the West of Guwahati and 8 miles the South of Hayagriva Madhava temple of Hajo.Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptionsSource: archive.org: Buddhist records of the Western World
Kuśinagara (कुशिनगर) is the name of an ancient city mentioned by Xuanzang (or, Hiuen Tsiang) in his “records of the Western world”.—The capital of this country is in ruins, and its towns and villages waste and desolate... To the north-west of the city 3 or 4 li, crossing the Ajitavatī (O-shi-to-fa-ti) river, on the western bank, not far, we come to a grove of śāla trees... There is (here) a great brick vihāra, in which is a figure of the Nirvāṇa of Tathāgata... By the side of the vihāra, and not far from it, is a stūpa. This denotes the place where Bodhisattva, when practising a religious life, was born as the king of a flock of pheasants (kapiñjala), and caused a fire to be put out... By the side of this, not far off, is a stūpa. On this spot Bodhisattva, when practising a religious life, being at that time a deer, saved (or, rescued) living creatures.
Note: Kuśinagara, Kuśinagarī, Kuśanagara, Kuśigrāmaka, or Kuśinārā, the scene of Buddha’s death and burial, has been identified by Wilson and Cunningham with the present village of Kasia, 35 miles to the east of Gorakhpur. It stood close to the Hiraṇyavatī river (Fo-sho-hing-tsan-king, v. 2200); this must be the same as the Little Gaṇḍakī river, or one of its feeders; The channel of this river, however, has undergone frequent changes.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kuśinagara (कुशिनगर):—[=kuśi-nagara] [from kuśi > kuśa] n. Name of the capital of the Mallas, [Buddhist literature]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Kuśinagara (कुशिनगर):—n. oder nagarī f. (kuśin + na) Nomen proprium der Hauptstadt der Malla [Burnouf 85,] [Nalopākhyāna 2. 389.] [Lebensbeschreibung Śākyamuni’s 290 (60).] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, 549.] — Vgl. kuśanagara .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Kuśinagara (कुशिनगर):—n. und rī f. Nomen proprium der Hauptstadt der Malla.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 13 books and stories containing Kushinagara, Kuśīnagara, Kusinagara, Kuśinagara, Kushi-nagara, Kusināgara, Kuśi-nagara, Kusi-nagara, Kuśī-nagara, Kusi-nāgara; (plurals include: Kushinagaras, Kuśīnagaras, Kusinagaras, Kuśinagaras, nagaras, Kusināgaras, nāgaras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 36 - Kusināgara as Buddha’s Last Repose < [Chapter 40 - The Buddha Declared the Seven Factors of Non-Decline for Rulers]
Part 44 - The Buddha discoursed on the Mahāsudassana Sutta < [Chapter 40 - The Buddha Declared the Seven Factors of Non-Decline for Rulers]
Part 30 - The Story of Cunda, the Goldsmith’s Son < [Chapter 40 - The Buddha Declared the Seven Factors of Non-Decline for Rulers]
Settlement in Early Historic Ganga Plain (by Chirantani Das)
Part 1 - Economic base for the growth of Vārāṇasī < [Chapter VI - Vārāṇasī: Emergence of the Urban Centre and Seat of Administration]
The travels of Fa-Hian (400 A.D.) (by Samuel Beal)
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 4 - Country of Kiu-shi-na-kie-lo (Kushinagara) < [Book VI - Four Countries]
Chapter 3 - Country of Lan-mo (Ramagrama) < [Book VI - Four Countries]
Chapter 3 - Country of Fei-she-li (Vaishali) < [Book VII - Five Countries]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Jātaka of the deer who sacrificed himself < [Part 1 - Mahāyānist list of the eighteen special attributes of the Buddha]
Buddhas of the present: Preliminary note (1) < [Part 7 - Seeing, hearing and understanding all the Buddhas of the present]
Story of the pheasant extinguishing a jungle fire < [Chapter XXVII - The Virtue of Exertion]
Chapter XXXVI - On Bodhisattva Lion's Roar (d) < [Section Seven]
Chapter I - Introductory < [Section One]
Chapter XXVII - On Bodhisattva Highly-Virtuous King (a) < [Section Six]