Kushinagara, aka: Kuśīnagara, Kuśinagara, Kushi-nagara; 4 Definition(s)
Kushinagara means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Kuśīnagara and Kuśinagara can be transliterated into English as Kusinagara or Kushinagara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Kuśinagara (कुशिनगर) is the name of a forest where Subhadra went to meet with the Buddha, according to the Subhadrabrahmacārisūtra as related in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “The next day, Subhadra went to the forest of Kiu yi na kie (Kuśinagara). He met Ānanda and said to him: ‘I have heard that your teacher teaches a new path to nirvāṇa and today, during the last watch of the night, he is going to undergo cessation (nirodha). I feel some doubts (kāṅkṣā) and I would like to see the Buddha so that he can dispel them’.”(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
India history and geogprahy
Kuśinagara (कुशिनगर) or Kusināra is known to the ancient site of Buddha’s Mahāparinirvāṇa. It was situated 9 miles the West of Guwahati and 8 miles the South of Hayagriva Madhava temple of Hajo.(Source): Wisdom Library: India History(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
Kuśinagara (कुशिनगर) is the name of an ancient city mentioned by Xuanzang (or, Hiuen Tsiang) in his “records of the Western world”.—The capital of this country is in ruins, and its towns and villages waste and desolate... To the north-west of the city 3 or 4 li, crossing the Ajitavatī (O-shi-to-fa-ti) river, on the western bank, not far, we come to a grove of śāla trees... There is (here) a great brick vihāra, in which is a figure of the Nirvāṇa of Tathāgata... By the side of the vihāra, and not far from it, is a stūpa. This denotes the place where Bodhisattva, when practising a religious life, was born as the king of a flock of pheasants (kapiñjala), and caused a fire to be put out... By the side of this, not far off, is a stūpa. On this spot Bodhisattva, when practising a religious life, being at that time a deer, saved (or, rescued) living creatures.
Note: Kuśinagara, Kuśinagarī, Kuśanagara, Kuśigrāmaka, or Kuśinārā, the scene of Buddha’s death and burial, has been identified by Wilson and Cunningham with the present village of Kasia, 35 miles to the east of Gorakhpur. It stood close to the Hiraṇyavatī river (Fo-sho-hing-tsan-king, v. 2200); this must be the same as the Little Gaṇḍakī river, or one of its feeders; The channel of this river, however, has undergone frequent changes.(Source): archive.org: Buddhist records of the Western World
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
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Search found 8 books and stories containing Kushinagara, Kuśīnagara, Kuśinagara or Kushi-nagara. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The travels of Fa-Hian (400 A.D.) (by Samuel Beal)
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 4 - Country of Kiu-shi-na-kie-lo (Kushinagara) < [Book VI - Four Countries]
Chapter 3 - Country of Lan-mo (Ramagrama) < [Book VI - Four Countries]
Chapter 3 - Country of Fei-she-li (Vaishali) < [Book VII - Five Countries]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Jātaka of the deer who sacrificed himself < [Part 1 - Mahāyānist list of the eighteen special attributes of the Buddha]
Buddhas of the present: Preliminary note (1) < [Part 7 - Seeing, hearing and understanding all the Buddhas of the present]
Story of the pheasant extinguishing a jungle fire < [Chapter XXVII - The Virtue of Exertion]
Chapter XXXVI - On Bodhisattva Lion's Roar (d) < [Section Seven]
Chapter I - Introductory < [Section One]
Chapter XXVII - On Bodhisattva Highly-Virtuous King (a) < [Section Six]
Buddhacarita (by Charles Willemen)
Chapter XXVIII - The Division of the Relics < [Fascicle Five]
Chapter XXV - Parinirvāṇa < [Fascicle Five]
Chapter XVI - King Bimbisāra and Disciples < [Fascicle Four]
The gods of northern Buddhism (by Alice Getty)