Kunthu, Kumthu: 9 definitions


Kunthu means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Kunthu (कुन्थु):—The seventeenth Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). He is also known as Kunthunātha. His colour is gold (kāñcana), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 35 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 64 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is a Goat.

Kunthu’s father is Sūra according to Śvetāmbara or Sūryasena according to Digambara and his mother is Śrī. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kunthu (कुन्थु) or Kunthunātha refers to the seventeenth of the twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras praised in the first book (ādīśvara-caritra) [chapter 1] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Kunthu is the son of Śūra and Śrī, according to chapter 6.1, “[...] Because the queen had seen a heap of jewels, called ‘kunthu,’ while he was in the womb, his father gave the Master the name Kunthu. Sucking nectar put in his thumb by Śakra, the Blessed One gradually grew up, thirty-five bows tall. At his father’s command he married princesses at the proper time. It is not possible to destroy pleasure-karma otherwise. [...]”.

2) Kunthu (कुन्थु) also represents one of the Cakrins (Cakravartins), according to chapter 1.6.—Accordingly: “[...] The Cakrins will belong to the gotra of Kaśyapa, gold-color, and eight of them will go to mokṣa. [...] Śānti, Kunthu, and Ara will be both Arhats and Cakrabhṛts”.

3) Kunthu (कुन्थु) refers to a “small three-sensed creature”, according to chapter 2.6.—Accordingly, as a Brāhman said to king Sagara said: “[...] This death, impartial to the poor man and to the Cakravartin, destroying life, sons, etc., is afraid of no one. Listen! One who has few sons, etc., of him few die. Who has many, of him many die. But the pain of the two is just the same, indeed! like that of the kunthu and the elephant from light and heavy blows. Henceforth, I will not grieve for the loss of one son. Like me, do not grieve at the loss of all your sons. For your sixty thousand sons, resplendent with strength of arm, have died simultaneously as a result of destiny, O King”.—(cf. Uttarādhyayana 3.4. See also Ardha-Māgadhī Koṣa and PH, s.v.)

4) Kunthu (कुन्थु) is the name of an ancient king, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.4 [Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “Siṃharatha’s son, Brahmaratha, became king next, then Cāturmukha, Hemaratha, Śataratha, Udayapṛthu, Vāriratha, Induratha, Ādityaratha, Māndhātṛ, Vīrasena in turn, King Pratimanyu, King Pratibandhu, King Ravimanyu, Vasantatilaka, Kuberadatta, Kunthu, Śarabha, Dvirada in turn, then Siṃhadaśana, Hiraṇyakaśipu, Puñjasthala, Kakutstha, Raghu. Among these kings some reached emancipation and some heaven”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kunthu (कुन्थु).—m.

(-nthuḥ) 1. The seventeenth of the Jinas or deified Jaina saints. 2. One of the Jaina emperors of the world.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kunthu (कुन्थु):—m. Name of the sixth Jaina Cakravartin or emperor in Bhārata

2) of the seventeenth Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kunthu (कुन्थु):—(nthuḥ) 2. m. A Jina sage.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kunthu (कुन्थु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kuṃthuṃ.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kunthu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kuṃthu (ಕುಂಥು):—

1) [noun] a kind of insect, that bites human.

2) [noun] the sixth Jaina emperor.

3) [noun] the seventeenth Jaina spiritual teacher.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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