Kitaka, Kīṭaka, Kiṭaka: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Kitaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kīṭaka (कीटक).—A King born from an aspect of the Asura called Krodhavaśa. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 60).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kīṭaka (कीटक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.55) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kīṭaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Kīṭaka (कीटक) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a double-power warrior (dviguṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Kīṭaka, and others], these are all warriors of double power”.

The story of Kīṭaka was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kīṭaka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Kitaka in India is the name of a plant defined with Azadirachta indica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Antelaea azadirachta (L.) Adelb. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· International Journal of Dermatology (2007)
· For. Flora Indica, or ‘Descriptions of Indian Plants’ (1874)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1981)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2006)
· Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. (1830)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1984)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kitaka, for example chemical composition, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, diet and recipes, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kīṭaka : (m.) an insect; a moth.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kīṭaka, (nt.) one or all kinds of insects Vin. I, 188. (Page 217)

— or —

Kiṭaka, (doubtful) only at Pv. I, 92, 4, of clothes which are changed into missā kiṭakā, which is expl. at PvA. 44 by kiṭakasadisāni lohapaṭṭasadisāni bhavanti “they become like (hot) copper plates. ” (Page 214)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kitakā (कितका).—a See kēvaḍhā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kitakā (कितका).—a How much? To what degree?

--- OR ---

kīṭaka (कीटक).—m An insect, a worm.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kīṭaka (कीटक).—a. Hard, harsh.

-kaḥ 1 A worm.

2) A bard of the Māgadha tribe.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kīṭaka (कीटक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Harsh, hard, unfeeling. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A worm, an insect. 2. A bird, panegyrist, descended from a Kshetriya father and Vaisya mother. E. kīṭa a worm, and kan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kīṭaka (कीटक).—[masculine] = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kiṭaka (किटक):—[from kiṭa] n. See kiṭika.

2) Kīṭaka (कीटक):—[from kīṭa] m. a worm, insect, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of bard, panegyrist (descended from a Kṣatriya father and Vaiśya mother), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Mahābhārata i, 2696]

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. hard, harsh, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kīṭaka (कीटक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Idem; a bard. a. Harsh, hard, unfeeling.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kīṭaka (कीटक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kīḍaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kitaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kīṭaka (ಕೀಟಕ):—[noun] a man who annoys, disturbs or persecutes esp. with hostile intent or injurious effect; a molester.

--- OR ---

Kīṭaka (ಕೀಟಕ):—

1) [noun] = ಕೀಟ [kita]2.

2) [noun] (fig.) a man who is an object of contempt, loathing or pity; a base, despicable man; a wretch.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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