Kita, Kīṭa, Kīta: 26 definitions


Kita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Keet.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Kīṭa (कीट) refers to “insects” (in the forest), according to the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 2.28. Accordingly:—“[...] soothening with kind words to Sītā, when eyes were blemished with tears, the virtuous Rāma spoke again as follows, for the purpose of waking her turn back: ‘[...] Oh, frail princess! Flying insects, scorpions insects (kīṭa) including mosquitoes and flies always annoy every one. Hence, forest is full of hardship’”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Kīṭa (कीट) refers to “worms” or “insects”, and is mentioned in verse 2.23 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Kīṭa (Tibetan: ’bu-srin) signifies “worm” as well as “insect”. In view of the following pipīlikā (Tibetan: grog-sbur) “ant”, which, strictly speaking, denotes an insect itself, the first meaning is preferable here (Hilgenberg & Kirfel seem to disagree). No undue emphasis should, however, be placed on the zoological aspect of these terms, worms and ants being only representative of all small and helpless creatures.—For grog-sbur CD clearly print grog-spur. There appears to be some uncertainty as to the correct spelling of the word; the dictionaries usually have grog-sbur, but Jäschke (Dict. p. 78) writes grog-spur.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kīṭa (कीट):—These are different types of insects which have powerful sting organs with which they inject poison into the body.

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Kīṭa (कीट) refers to “insects” or “viruses”, whose treatment (cikitsā) is described in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—In the 12h adhyāya, Kāśyapasaṃhita adds external and internal antidotes for poisons of various animals and insects (kṛmi/krimi and kīṭa). [...] Accordingly, “Kṣāra or milky exudations of certain trees, Trikaṭu, Vacā, asafoetida, Vilaṅga, salt, Ambaṣṭhā, Ativiṣa and Kuṣṭḥa remove the poisons of all insects. Drink composed of Śatamūla, Trivṛt and ghee, also decimate poisons of all insects (kīṭa-viṣa). Milk with Trikaṭu, Vyāghrapadī and ghee act as effective antivirus drugs”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Kīṭa (कीट) refers to “worms and reptiles”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If in Varṣā the colour of the sun be that of the flower Śirīṣa (Mimosa flexuosa) there will be immediate rain; if the colour be that of the peacock’s plume there will be no rain for twelve years to come. If, then the sun be black there will be fear from worms and reptiles [i.e., kīṭa-bhaya]; if it be ashy pale there will be fear from foreign princes; if the sun should appear with a hole that prince will perish in the star of whose nativity the sun then happens to be”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Kīṭa (कीट) refers to “insects”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.121-128, while describing the prevention of natural disasters]—“[...] [He performs the ritual when people are afflicted by] skin diseases, etc., fevers, untimely death or various sorts of pain, past faults or seizing spirits. Diseases from snake poison, etc., insect bites, etc. (kīṭakīṭavisphoṭakādayaḥ), rheumatism, change in form, phlegm, hemorrhoids, eye diseases, skin diseases, etc., internal disease, and sickness caused by wounds, etc., by the thousands [can occur] if various sorts of evils touch the Maṇḍala, a defect arises from offense [occurs]. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Kīṭa (कीट) refers to “insects”, according to the Parākhyatantra.—The Amanaska’s description of the ideal place in which to practise Yoga is based on four standard characteristics; it should be isolated, solitary, clean and beautiful. Similar descriptions are found in Tantric traditions. [...] The Parākhyatantra, emphasizes seclusion: “In a lonely place, or a grove, or in an agreeable mountain cave, or in an earthen hut that is thoroughly secluded, free from insects (kīṭa), draught and damp [kīṭavātodakojjhite]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Kīta (कीत, “worm”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. If delusion (moha) is abundant, they [people] are reborn as [for example] a kind of worm (kīta).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Kīṭa (कीट) refers to “insects”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Where this wicked Yama is not stopped by the 30 [gods] even with a hundred counteractions, what should one say of [Yama being stopped] there by the insects of men (nṛ-kīṭanṛkīṭais tatra kā kathā)? O fool, sentient beings, having begun from the womb, are continually led by [their own] action to Yama’s abode by means of uninterrupted journeys”.

Synonyms: Pataṅga, Kṛmi.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kīta : (pp. of kiṇāti) bought. || kīṭa (m.), an insect; a moth.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kita, (pp. of kṛ, with i for a, cp. kiraṇa for karaṇa. The Dhtp. explained by nivāsane) 1. adorned: mālā° adorned with garlands Vin. III, 249.—2. soiled, only in cpds. kaṇṇa° said of a wall, also of the ground at Vin. I, 48= II. 209; and paṃsu°, soiled with dust Vin. II, 121, 174. (Page 214)

— or —

Kīta, (pp. of kiṇāti) bought J. I, 224 (°dāsa a bought slave) II. 185. (Page 217)

— or —

Kīṭa, (nt.) (cp. Sk. kīṭa) a general term for insect DhA. I, 187; usually in combination with paṭaṅga, beetle (moth?) M. III, 168 (with puḷava); Sn. 602; J. VI, 208; Miln. 272 (°vaṇṇa); PvA. 67; Vism. 115. kīṭa at J. V, 373 means a kind of shield (=cāṭipāla ? c.), the reading should prob. be kheṭa. (Page 217)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kiṭā (किटा).—m Wood split into logs for fuel.

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kīṭa (कीट).—n (kiṭṭa S) Caked, ingrained, or deeply insinuated dirt; e. g. soot of a smoke-tube; sordes of the body; ingrained grease and dirt upon clothes; any grime. See kiṭaṇa throughout. 2 A large hard clod or mass of earth. 3 f R A spark.

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kīṭa (कीट).—ind An enhancing adjunct to kāḷā, as kāḷākīṭa Coal-black.

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kīṭa (कीट) [or कीटक, kīṭaka].—m (S) A worm; an insect; a maggot; a mite.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kiṭā (किटा).—m Wood split into logs for fuel.

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kīṭa (कीट).—n A large hard mass of earth; see kīṭaṇa ind An enhancing adjunct to kāḷā as kāḷākīṭa Coal-black.

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kīṭa (कीट).—m An insect, a worm.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kīṭa (कीट).—a. Hard, harsh.

-ṭaḥ 1 A worm, an insect; Manusmṛti 1.4; कीटोऽपि सुमनःसङ्गादारोहति सतां शिरः (kīṭo'pi sumanaḥsaṅgādārohati satāṃ śiraḥ) H. Pr.39.

2) A term expressive of contempt (generally at the end of comp.) द्विपकीटः (dvipakīṭaḥ) a wretched elephant; so पक्षिकीटः (pakṣikīṭaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1; &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kīṭa (कीट).—(m. or nt.; = Sanskrit Lex. id., [Boehtlingk and Roth] 5.1298), excrement: Śikṣāsamuccaya 81.5 (verse) kīṭakumbho (chamber-pot) yathā…pūrṇo mūtrapurīṣeṇa. So with Tibetan; Bendall and Rouse very implausibly pot of worms.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kīṭa (कीट).—m.

(-ṭaḥ) A worm, an insect. E. kīṭ to colour or dye, ka aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kīṭa (कीट).—m. (and f. ṭī and n.) A worm, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 40. An insect, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 201.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kīṭa (कीट).—[masculine] worm, insect; [with] āgneya a fireworm (applied by a thief for extinguishing a lamp).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kiṭa (किट):—m. a kind of ape, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

2) the son of a Vaiśya and a Kīluṣī (cf. kīluṣa below), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Kita (कित):—m. Name of a man [gana] aśvādi.

4) Kīṭa (कीट):—m. (ifc. f(ā). , [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]) a worm, insect, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra] etc.

5) the scorpion in the zodiac, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

6) (ifc.) an expression of contempt (cf. śūra-k), [Mahāvīra-caritra]

7) n. idem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) (= kiṭṭa) feces, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kīṭa (कीट):—(ka) kīṭayati 10. a. To tinge or colour; to bind.

2) (ṭaḥ) 1. m. A worm, an insect.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kīṭa (कीट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kīḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Kitā (किता):—(nm) a plot of land; piece; number.

2) Kīṭa (कीट) [Also spelled keet]:—(nm) an insect, a worm; ~[vijñāna] entomology; ~[vaijñānika] entomologist; entomological.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kita (ಕಿತ):—[noun] that which is not right or not just, proper, correct, etc. esp. an unjust, unsocial or immoral act; a wrong.

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Kīṭa (ಕೀಟ):—[noun] sticky unclean matter; dirt.

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Kīṭa (ಕೀಟ):—[noun] any of small arthropod animals belonging to the class of Insecta, characterised, in the adult state, by division of the body into head, thorax, and abdomen, three pairs of legs on the thorax, and, usu., two pairs of membranous wings, including beetles, bees, flies, wasps, and mosquitoes; an insect.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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