Kharoshthi, Kharoṣṭhī: 5 definitions


Kharoshthi means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Kharoshthi in Buddhism glossary
Source: BDK America: A Forest of Pearls from the Dharma Garden

Kharoṣṭhī (खरोष्ठी) refers to the “Donkey-lipped Sage” and is the son of Mahāsammata’s wife, according to the third chapter of the 7th century Fayuan zhulin (“A Forest of Pearls from the Dharma Garden”): a large anthology of excerpts from Buddhist canonical sources and historical records attributed to Daoshi.—Accordingly, “[...] wherever Donkey-lipped Sage [viz., ] went, in the Himalayas and elsewhere, various beautiful flowers, good fruit, medicines, fragrances, clear streams, and different kinds of birds appeared by transformation. Wherever he stayed the place was filled with a rich harvest. Benefiting from the medicines and fruit, his crude appearance gradually changed and he became handsome. Only his lips were still like those of a donkey. For this reason he was called Donkey-lipped Sage”.

Donkey-lipped Sage (Kharoṣṭhī) studied the holy teaching. For sixty-thousand years he stood on one leg, not putting his other foot down, day and night, never becoming fatigued. The gods saw the great sage undergoing this austerity. Then the gods of Brahmā Heaven and Śakra Heaven, as well as those in the higher realms of the realm of desire, gathered and came to pay respect. Dragons, Asuras, and Yakṣas all gathered together like a cloud. All the sages and practitioners of the holy path came to the place of Donkey-lipped Sage.

India history and geography

Source: The Chronology of Ancient Gandhara and Bactria

Brahmi and Kharoshthi Scripts (3000-2800 BCE).—These two scripts were popularly used in the regions of Gandhara, Bactria, Modern Pakistan and Kashmir at least from the post-Mahabharata period. The Ashokan inscriptions (1765-1737 BCE) found at Shahbazgarhi and Manshera clearly indicate that Kharoshthi Script was traditionally popular in the west of Indus River whereas Brahmi Script was popular in the east of Indus River.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kharoṣṭhī.—an early Indian alphabet which was an Indian modification of the Aramaic alphabet; called Kharoṣṭrī by some. Note: kharoṣṭhī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kharoshthi in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kharoṣṭhī (खरोष्ठी) [Also spelled kharoshti]:—(nf) an ancient script which was prevalent in north-west frontier of India roughly between 4th century B.C. and 3rd century A.D.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kharoshthi in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kharōṣṭhi (ಖರೋಷ್ಠಿ):—[noun] One of the two oldest alphabets in the Indian subcontinent, derived from Aramaic and used for about seven centuries from 300 BC in North West India and central Asia; Kharoshti.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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