Karnata, Karṇāṭa: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Karnata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Karnata in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Karṇāṭa (कर्णाट) is the name of an ancient city, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 61. Accordingly, “... a certain inhabitant of Karṇāṭa pleased his king by his daring behaviour in battle. His sovereign was pleased, and promised to give him whatever he asked for, but the spiritless warrior chose the king’s barber.”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Karṇāṭa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Karṇāṭa (कर्णाट) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—People living in the Karṇāṭadeśa. That is includes the state of Mysore, Coorg and part of the Ceded districts.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Karṇāṭa (कर्णाट) refers to a country belonging to “Dakṣiṇa or Dakṣiṇadeśa (southern division)” classified under the constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā represent the southern division consisting of [i.e., Karṇāṭa] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7

Karṇāṭa (कर्णाट) is the name of a country classified as both Hādi and Kādi (both types of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Karṇāṭa] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karṇāṭa (कर्णाट).—(pl.) Name of a country in the south of the Indian Peninsula; (kāvyam) कर्णाटेन्दोर्जगति विदुषां कण्ठभूषत्वमेतु (karṇāṭendorjagati viduṣāṃ kaṇṭhabhūṣatvametu) Vikr.18.12

-ṭī f.

1) A woman of the above country; कर्णाटीचीनपीनस्तनवसनदशादोलनस्पन्दमन्दः (karṇāṭīcīnapīnastanavasanadaśādolanaspandamandaḥ) Udb. कर्णाटीचिकुराणां ताण्डवकरः (karṇāṭīcikurāṇāṃ tāṇḍavakaraḥ) Vb.1.29.

2) The हंसपदी (haṃsapadī) plant.

3) One of the Rāgintod;īs or musical modes.

Derivable forms: karṇāṭaḥ (कर्णाटः).

See also (synonyms): karṇāṭaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karṇāṭa (कर्णाट).—m.

(-ṭaḥ) A country, Karnata, whence the modern Karnatic: the name however was anciently applied to the central districts of the peninsula, including Mysur. f. (-ṭī) 1. One of the Raginis or female personification of the musical modes, the bride of the Raga Malava. 2. A plant. E. karṇa the ear, a prince, &c. and aṭ to go, affix ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karṇāṭa (कर्णाट).—I. m. pl. The name of a country and its inhabitants, Mahābhārata 3, 16352. Ii. f. ṭī, A proper name, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 152.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karṇāṭa (कर्णाट).—[masculine] [Name] of a people ([feminine] ī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karṇatā (कर्णता):—[=karṇa-tā] [from karṇa] f. the being an ear, [Amaru-śataka]

2) Karṇāṭa (कर्णाट):—m. [plural] Name of a people and the country they inhabit (the modern Karnatic; the name, however, was anciently applied to the central districts of the peninsula, including Mysore), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

3) m. a king or inhabitant of Karṇāṭa, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) (in mus.) a particular Rāga

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karṇāṭa (कर्णाट):—[karṇā+ṭa] (ṭaḥ-ṭī) 1. m. 3. f. A country, Karnāta. f. One of the rāginīs.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Karṇāṭa (कर्णाट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kaṇṇāḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Karnata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Karṇāṭa (ಕರ್ಣಾಟ):—

1) [noun] Kannaḍa one of the major Dravidian languages, and the official language of, and chiefly spoken by the people of, Karnāṭaka.

2) [noun] Karnāṭaka, one of the major states of Indian republic, situated in the southern plateau.

3) [noun] the people of this state.

4) [noun] (mus.) a mode in Karnāṭaka system.

--- OR ---

Karnāṭa (ಕರ್ನಾಟ):—[noun] = ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ - [karnataka -] 2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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