Karmadharaya, Karmadhāraya, Karma-dharaya, Karman-dharaya: 8 definitions



Karmadharaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Karmadharaya in Vyakarana glossary
Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra (grammar)

Karmadhāraya (कर्मधारय) is a subset of tatpuruṣa compound in which there is samānādhikaraṇa, “case agreement”, between the two basic members. In other words, the case relationship between the two is always nominative. The more common kind karmadhāraya has an adjective in its stem form affixed to a noun or nominal stem. The “appositional” kind of karmadhāraya in which two nouns are equated is “less common but still frequently occurring” in the language.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Karmadhāraya (कर्मधारय).—A Variety Of Tatpuruṣa Compounds In Which The First Member Is Generally A Qualifier (Viśeṣaṇa) having the same declensional ending as the second member has.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Karmadhāraya (कर्मधारय).—Name technically given to a compound-formation of two words in apposition i. e. used in the same case, technically called समानाधिकरण (samānādhikaraṇa) showing the same substratutm; cf. तत्पुरुषः समानाधिकरणः कर्म-धारयः (tatpuruṣaḥ samānādhikaraṇaḥ karma-dhārayaḥ) I 2.42. The karmadhāraya compound is looked upon as a variety of the tatpuruṣa compound. There is no satisfactory explanation of the reason why such a compound is termed कर्म-धारय (karma-dhāraya). Śākaṭāyana defines Karmadhāraya as विशेषणं व्यभिचारि एकार्थं कर्मधारयश्च (viśeṣaṇaṃ vyabhicāri ekārthaṃ karmadhārayaśca) where the word विशेषण (viśeṣaṇa) is explained as व्यावर्तक (vyāvartaka) or भेदक (bhedaka) (distinguishing attribute) showing that the word कर्म (karma) may mean भेदकक्रिया (bhedakakriyā). The word कर्मधारय (karmadhāraya) in that case could mean 'कर्म भेदकक्रिया, तां धारयति असौ कर्मधारयः (karma bhedakakriyā, tāṃ dhārayati asau karmadhārayaḥ)' a compound which gives a specification of the thing in hand.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Karmadharaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karmadhāraya (कर्मधारय).—Name of a compound, a subdivision of Tatpuruṣa, (in which the members of the compound are in apposition) तत्पुरुषः समानाधिकरणः कर्मधारयः (tatpuruṣaḥ samānādhikaraṇaḥ karmadhārayaḥ) P.I. 2.42. तत्पुरुष कर्म धारय येनाहं स्यां बहुव्रीहिः (tatpuruṣa karma dhāraya yenāhaṃ syāṃ bahuvrīhiḥ) Udb.

Derivable forms: karmadhārayaḥ (कर्मधारयः).

Karmadhāraya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms karman and dhāraya (धारय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karmadhāraya (कर्मधारय).—[masculine] a cert. class of compounds ([grammar]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karmadhāraya (कर्मधारय):—[=karma-dhāraya] [from karma > karman] m. Name of a class of Tatpuruṣa (q.v.) compounds (in which the members would stand in the same case [samānādhikaraṇa] if the compound were dissolved), [Pāṇini 1-2, 42] (See, [Gr. 735, iii; 755 ff.])

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Karmadhāraya (कर्मधारय):—m. eine bes. Art von zusammengesetzten Wörtern: ein Tatpuruṣa (s. d.), in welchem die beiden Glieder in einem Congruenzverhältniss stehen (z. B. śvetāśva ein weisses Pferd), [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 2, 42.] — Das Wort zerlegt sich in karman + dhāraya, aber die Deutung der Benennung ist schwierig.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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