Karavira, Karavīra, Karavīrā, Kara-vira: 26 definitions



Karavira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Karavīrā (करवीरा):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Karavira in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhavishya-purana

Karavīra (करवीर):—The consequences of using various flowers in worship, (e.g. karavīra flowers) confers health and incomparable prosperity, according to the Bhaviṣya-purāṇa (brahmaparva, 197:1-11)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Karavīra (करवीर).—A prominent serpent. (Śloka 12, Chapter 35, Ādi Parva).

2) Karavīra (करवीर).—A mountain on the southern side of Mahāmeru. See under Mahāmeru.

3) Karavīra (करवीर).—There was once a country named Karavīra on the base of the mountain Gomanta. That country was being ruled by a King called Sṛgālavāsudeva. He was killed by Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma together as per instructions from Paraśurāma. (10th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

4) Karavīra (करवीर).—A forest in the neighbourhood of Dvārakā. (Chapter 38, Sabhā Parva).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Karavīra (करवीर) is the name of a flower used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.11:—“[...] offerings of flowers, especially white flowers and rare flowers, shall be made to Lord Śiva. Flowers of Apāmārga, Karpūra, Jātī, Campaka, Kuśa, Pāṭala, Karavīra, Mallikā, Kamala (lotus) and Utpalas (lilies) of various sorts shall be used. When water is poured it shall be poured in a continuous stream”.

2) Karavīra (करवीर) is the name of a plant which is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] the worship with Japā flowers (China rose) brings about the death of enemies (śatrumṛtyu). Karavīra flowers drive away all ailments (rogoccāṭa). [...] Karavīra flowers measure three times that. Scholars say that the flowers of Nirguṇḍī too measure likewise. In Karṇikāra and Śirīṣa flowers too, the same mode of calculation holds good. Ten prasthas of Bandhujīva flowers constitute a hundred thousand. [...] The devotee shall perform the worship of Śiva with different flowers after considering these modes of calculation for the fulfilment of desires if he has any or for the sake of salvation if he has no desire”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Karavīra (करवीर).—A Kādraveya Nāga.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 35.

1b) A mountain on the south of Meru.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 27.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Karavīra (करवीर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.35.12, V.101.14/V.103) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Karavīra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Karavīra (करवीर) flowers are used in worship in the month Magha for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In the month of Magha, the tooth-brush is that of plakṣa-wood. The food taken is mauktika. The deity to be worshipped is Naṭeśvara. The flowers used in worship are karavīra. The naivedya offerings is kṛśara. The result  accrued is vahusvama.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Karavīra (करवीर):—A Sanskrit word referring to the “Oleander” plant and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. In the Prakrit language, it is also known as Kaṇavīra and in Hindi it is known as Karuvīrā. Its official botanical name is Nerium oleander and naturally grows on dry stream beds throughout the Meditterranean region and up to southern Asia.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Karavīra (करवीर).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—It is also known as Hayamāra (or Aśvamara) because of its fatal effect on animals. It is useful in cardiac inefficiency and consequent dropsy, skin diseases and dyspnoea.

Source: archive.org: Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency (ayurveda)

Karavīra denotes the Nerium odorum, the fragrant oleander, also growing freely in this part of the country, of which, similarly, the flowers are used in the worship of idols.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Śodhana: An Ayurvedic process for detoxification

Karavīra (करवीर) refers to the medicinal plant known Nerium indicum.—Karavīra has anti-stress, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, cardiotonic, neuroprotective, and anticancer activities. This plant contains a mixture of toxic cardiac glycosides, the cardenolides particularly oleandrin and neriine.

Roots of Karavīra (Nerium indicum) are purified (śodhana) by svedana process in dolā-yantra using Godugdha for 3 h. After Śodhana, the roots are washed with water and dried. There is a decrease in the cardenolide and oleandrin content of the śodhita-karavīra. Hence, the removal of these compounds may be responsible for the reduction in their effects. It was also observed that śodhita-dravya showed no reported toxicity in animal models.

(cf. Yogaratnākara)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Karavīra (करवीर) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Nerium oleander Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning karavīra] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Karavīra (करवीर) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Karavīra) is named Kṛtaliṅga. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (shaivism)

Karavīra (करवीर) refers to one of the various leaves and flowers used in the worship of Śiva, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—The text refers the following flowers and leaves to be offered to Lord Śiva [viz., Karavīra][...]. It is stated that if a person offers these flowers to Lord Śiva, planting himself, the Lord Himself receives those flowers.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency

Karavīra probably corresponds to Tagara or Kolhāpur.—Karavīra, which now only a small village on the north side of Kolhāpur, has furnished the foundation for both the customary vernacular name for the State, viz. the Karavīra Ilākhā, and the title of the local Purāṇa, viz. the KaravīraMāhāmya, and must, therefore, have been the original settlement.

The antiquity of. Karavīra, or of Kolhāpur, is undeniable; for, numerous Buddhist remains have been found in the immediate neighbourhood, including a large stūpa, at Kolhāpur itself, containing a crystal relic casket the lid of which bears an inscription in pure Aśoka characters of the third century B. C. (see Cave-Temple Inscriptions, p. 39, No. 6).

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Karavira in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

karavīra : (m.) the oleander tree.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Karavīra, (cp. Sk. karavīra) 1. the oleander, Nerium odorum. Its flower was used especially in garlands worn by delinquents (see kaṇṭha) — 2. a kind of grass J. IV, 92.—patta a kind of arrow M. I, 429. (Page 196)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

karavīra (करवीर).—m S A flowering shrub or its flower, Oleander or Nerium odorum.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karavīra (करवीर).—

1) a sword or scimitar.

2) a cemetery.

3) Name of a town in the S. M. country.

4) a kind of tree. (Mar. kaṇhera, arjunasādaḍā); Rām.5.2.1. Māna.18.242.3.

- red arsenic. (-) 1 a woman who has borne a son, a mother.

Derivable forms: karavīraḥ (करवीरः).

Karavīra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kara and vīra (वीर). See also (synonyms): karavīraka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karavīra (करवीर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A fragrant plant, (Oleander or Nerium odorum.) 2. The name of a demon. 3. A sword or scymitar. 4. A cemetary, a place for burning or interring the dead. f.

(-rā) Red arsenic. f. (-rī) 1. A name of Aditi, the mother of the gods. 2. A good cow. 3. A woman who has borne a son, a mother. E. kara here said to mean a root, vīra to become evident, and ac affix; or kara hand, vi prefixed to īr to go, &c. affix ka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karavīra (करवीर).—[kara-vīra], m. 1. A fragrant plant, Oleander or Nerium odorum, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 17, 10. 2. The name of a magical weapon, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 30, 7. 3. The name of a Nāga, Mahābhārata 1, 1557. 4. The name of a mountain, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 16, 28. 5. The name of a city, Mahābhārata 13, 1730.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karavīra (करवीर).—[masculine] fragrant oleander.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karavīra (करवीर):—[=kara-vīra] [from kara] a m. Oleander (Nerium Odorum), [Mahābhārata; Suśruta; Mṛcchakaṭikā; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] a species of Soma, [Suśruta ii, 164, 15]

3) [v.s. ...] a sword, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a particular spell (for recovering a missile of mystic properties after its discharge), [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] the thumb

6) [v.s. ...] a cemetery, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a Nāga, [Mahābhārata i, 1557]

8) [v.s. ...] of a Daitya, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] of a town on the river Veṇvā (founded by Padma-varṇa), [Harivaṃśa 5230] (cf. kara-vīra-pura below)

10) [v.s. ...] of a town on the river Dṛṣadvatī (the residence of Candraśekhara), [Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana]

11) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

12) Karavīrā (करवीरा):—[=kara-vīrā] [from kara-vīra > kara] f. red arsenic, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Karavīra (करवीर):—[=kara-vīra] [from kara] n. the flower of Oleander, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [=kara-vīra] b See p. 253, col. 3.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Karavīra (करवीर):—(kara + vīra)

1) m. a) wohlriechender Oleander, Nerium odorum Ait. [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 57.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1137.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 244.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 256.] [Mahābhārata 1, 7587. 3, 14536. 17286.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 17, 10. 79, 32. 5, 9, 8. 16, 28. 74, 3.] [Suśruta 1, 145, 5. 157, 15. 2, 54, 15. 107, 16.] [Mṛcchakaṭikā 161, 11.] Als n. die Blume [Siddhāntakaumudī] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.4,3,166.] — b) Name einer der verschied. Arten von Soma, welche [Suśruta 2, 164, 15] aufgezählt werden. — c) Schwert [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] Vgl. karapāla . — d) Bez. eines Zauberspruchs oder Zaubermittels (um eine abgeschossene Waffe wieder zurückzubringen) [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 30, 7.] — e) Gottesacker [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 989.] — f) Nomen proprium eines Nāga [Mahābhārata 1, 1557.] eines Daitya [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — g) Name eines Gebirges [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 16, 28.] Vgl. karavīka . — h) Name einer Stadt an der Veṇvā, von Padmavarṇa gegründet, [Harivaṃśa 5230.] karavīrapura [5281. 5290. 5321. fgg.] [Mahābhārata 13, 1730.] Nomen proprium einer Stadt an der Dṛṣadvatī, der Residenz von Candraśekhara, [Kalikāpurāṇa, Kapila 48.] [Śabdakalpadruma] —

2) f. vīrā rother Arsenik [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1060.] —

3) f. vīrī a) die Mutter eines Sohnes. — b) eines vorzügliche Kuh. — c) ein Beiname der Aditi [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — Vgl. kāravīreya .

--- OR ---

Karavīra (करवीर):—

1) a) [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 50, 21.] pattra [7.] [Oxforder Handschriften 195,a,30. 324,a,2. 26.] vrata n. Bez. einer best. Begehung [34,a,20.] — h) [Oxforder Handschriften 39,b,17.] pura [16,b,5.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Karavīra (करवीर):——

1) m. — a) Nerium odorum. — b) eine Art Soma. — c) *Schwert. — d) *Daumen [Galano's Wörterbuch] — e) *Leichenstätte. — f) ein best. über Waffen gesprochener Zauberspruch. — g) Nomen proprium — α) eines Schlangendämons. — β) *eines Daitya. — γ) verschiedener Städte. Auch pura. — δ) eines Gebirges [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5,16,28.] —

2) *f. ā rother Arsenik.

3) f. ī — a) die Mutter eines Sohnes. — b) eine vorzügliche Kuh. — c) Beiname der Aditi. —

4) *n. die Blüthe von Nerium odorum.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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