Karavira, aka: Kara-vira, Karavīra, Karavīrā; 14 Definition(s)

Introduction

Karavira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Karavīrā (करवीरा):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana

Karavira in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Karavīra (करवीर):—The consequences of using various flowers in worship, (eg. karavīra flowers) confers health and incomparable prosperity, according to the Bhaviṣya-purāṇa (brahmaparva, 197:1-11)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhavishya-purana

1) Karavīra (करवीर).—A prominent serpent. (Śloka 12, Chapter 35, Ādi Parva).

2) Karavīra (करवीर).—A mountain on the southern side of Mahāmeru. See under Mahāmeru.

3) Karavīra (करवीर).—There was once a country named Karavīra on the base of the mountain Gomanta. That country was being ruled by a King called Sṛgālavāsudeva. He was killed by Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma together as per instructions from Paraśurāma. (10th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

4) Karavīra (करवीर).—A forest in the neighbourhood of Dvārakā. (Chapter 38, Sabhā Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Karavīra (करवीर).—A Kādraveya Nāga.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 35.

1b) A mountain on the south of Meru.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 27.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Karavira in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Karavīra (करवीर):—A Sanskrit word referring to the “Oleander” plant and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. In the Prakrit language, it is also known as Kaṇavīra and in Hindi it is known as Karuvīrā. Its official botanical name is Nerium oleander and naturally grows on dry stream beds throughout the Meditterranean region and up to southern Asia.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Karavīra (करवीर).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—It is also known as Hayamāra (or Aśvamara) because of its fatal effect on animals. It is useful in cardiac inefficiency and consequent dropsy, skin diseases and dyspnoea.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Karavīra denotes the Nerium odorum, the fragrant oleander, also growing freely in this part of the country, of which, similarly, the flowers are used in the worship of idols.

Source: archive.org: Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency (ayurveda)
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

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Karavīra (करवीर) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Karavīra) is named Kṛtaliṅga. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

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Karavīra (करवीर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.35.12, V.101.14/V.103) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Karavīra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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India history and geogprahy

Karavīra probably corresponds to Tagara or Kolhāpur.—Karavīra, which now only a small village on the north side of Kolhāpur, has furnished the foundation for both the customary vernacular name for the State, viz. the Karavīra Ilākhā, and the title of the local Purāṇa, viz. the KaravīraMāhāmya, and must, therefore, have been the original settlement.

The antiquity of. Karavīra, or of Kolhāpur, is undeniable; for, numerous Buddhist remains have been found in the immediate neighbourhood, including a large stūpa, at Kolhāpur itself, containing a crystal relic casket the lid of which bears an inscription in pure Aśoka characters of the third century B. C. (see Cave-Temple Inscriptions, p. 39, No. 6).

Source: archive.org: Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

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karavīra : (m.) the oleander tree.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Karavīra, (cp. Sk. karavīra) 1. the oleander, Nerium odorum. Its flower was used especially in garlands worn by delinquents (see kaṇṭha) — 2. a kind of grass J. IV, 92.—patta a kind of arrow M. I, 429. (Page 196)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

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karavīra (करवीर).—m S A flowering shrub or its flower, Oleander or Nerium odorum.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karavira in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Karavīra (करवीर).—

1) a sword or scimitar.

2) a cemetery.

3) Name of a town in the S. M. country.

4) a kind of tree. (Mar. kaṇhera, arjunasādaḍā); Rām.5.2.1. Māna.18.242.3.

- red arsenic. (-) 1 a woman who has borne a son, a mother.

Derivable forms: karavīraḥ (करवीरः).

Karavīra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kara and vīra (वीर). See also (synonyms): karavīraka.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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