Karandava, aka: Kāraṇḍava; 9 Definition(s)


Karandava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Karandava in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “goose”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Kāraṇḍava is part of the sub-group named Ambucārin, refering to animals “which move on waters”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव)—Sanskrit word for a bird “goose”, “duck”, “water fowl”. This animal is from the group called Plava (‘those which float’ or ‘those move about in large flocks’). Plava itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव, “bluish white”) refers to a derivative color, composed of the white (sita) and the blue (nīla) colors, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. According to the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation), there are four main colors (varṇa) from which various derivative and minor colors (upavarṇa) are derived. Colors are used in aṅgaracanā (painting the limbs), which forms a section of nepathya (costumes and make-up).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Karandava in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव, “duck”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. If sensual desires (kāmarāga), passion and ignorance (avidyā) were predominant in them [people], they are reborn as [for example] duck (kāraṇḍava); thus they become one of the hundred thousand kinds of birds. If they are guilty of lust, their body becomes covered with hairs and feathers; their plumage is fine and smooth; their beak, big and wide; thus they cannot distinguish touch (sparśa) and taste (rasa).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Karandava in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

1) Kāraṇḍava, 2 (cp. Sk. kāraṇḍava) a sort of duck Vv 358 (expld as also by Halāyudha 2, 99 by kādamba, black goose). (Page 210)

2) Kāraṇḍava, 1 (of uncertain etym. , cp. karaṇḍa) chaff, offal, sweepings, fig. dirt, impurity: yava° A. IV, 169 (chaff); samaṇa° ibid.—In passage kāraṇḍavaṃ niddhamatha, kasambuṃ apakassatha A. IV, 172=Sn. 281=Miln. 414 trsld by Rh. Davids Miln. trsl. II. 363 “get rid of filth, put aside rubbish from you, ” expl. SnA 311 by kacavara (q. v.). Rh. D’s note3 Loc. cit. is to be modified according to the parallel passages just given. (Page 210)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Karandava in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kāraṇḍava (कारंडव).—m S A drake or sort of duck. kāraṇḍavī f S The female.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karandava in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव).—A sort of duck; Rām.7.31.21. Bhāg.8.2.16; तप्तं वारि विहाय तीरनलिनीं कारण्डवः सेवते (taptaṃ vāri vihāya tīranalinīṃ kāraṇḍavaḥ sevate) V.2.23.

Derivable forms: kāraṇḍavaḥ (कारण्डवः).

See also (synonyms): kāraṇḍa.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव).—m. (in Pali chaff, rubbish; compare next), a kind of grain: Mvy 5669 = Tibetan sre da, a kind of corn; confirmed by context (list of cereals).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव).—mf. (-vaḥ-vī) A sort of duck. E. karaṇḍa Vallisneria, aṇ pleonastic aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 11 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kāraṇḍavāsana (कारण्डवासन, “Himalayan goose posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type...
Karandava Sutta
Once, while the Buddha was at Campa on the banks of the Gaggara Lake, a monk, charged by his ...
Plava (प्लव).—mfn. (-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) Who or what goes by leaps or jumps, leaping, justing, a tumble...
Yava (यव) refers to the “size of a barley grain” and represents a type of absolute measurement,...
1) Campā (चम्पा) was the capital of Aṅga: one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa ...
Karaṇḍa (करण्ड).—[kṛ-aṇḍan Uṇ.1.126]1) A small box or basket (of bamboo); करण्डपीडिततनोः भोगिनः...
Gaggarā (गग्गरा) or Gaggarāpokkharaṇī is the name of a tank situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Co...
Marāla (मराल).—a. [mṛ-ālac]1) Soft, greasy, unctuous.2) Bland, tender.-laḥ (-lī f.) A swan, fla...
Ambucārin (अम्बुचारिन्).—a. moving or living in water, aquatic (as fish &c.); अद्रिं दधाराम्बुच...
Pītatuṇḍa (पीततुण्ड).—a Kāraṇḍava bird. Derivable forms: pītatuṇḍaḥ (पीततुण्डः).Pītatuṇḍa is a ...
Tarad (तरद्).—f. [tṝ-karaṇe adi]1) A boat.2) A kind of duck (kāraṇḍava).

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