Karandava, Kāraṇḍava: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Karandava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Karandava in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “goose”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Kāraṇḍava is part of the sub-group named Ambucārin, refering to animals “which move on waters”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव)—Sanskrit word for a bird “goose”, “duck”, “water fowl”. This animal is from the group called Plava (‘those which float’ or ‘those move about in large flocks’). Plava itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव, “bluish white”) refers to a derivative color, composed of the white (sita) and the blue (nīla) colors, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. According to the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation), there are four main colors (varṇa) from which various derivative and minor colors (upavarṇa) are derived. Colors are used in aṅgaracanā (painting the limbs), which forms a section of nepathya (costumes and make-up).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव) refers to the bird “Coot” (Fulica atra).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Kāraṇḍava] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Karandava in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव, “duck”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. If sensual desires (kāmarāga), passion and ignorance (avidyā) were predominant in them [people], they are reborn as [for example] duck (kāraṇḍava); thus they become one of the hundred thousand kinds of birds. If they are guilty of lust, their body becomes covered with hairs and feathers; their plumage is fine and smooth; their beak, big and wide; thus they cannot distinguish touch (sparśa) and taste (rasa).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Karandava in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Kāraṇḍava, 2 (cp. Sk. kāraṇḍava) a sort of duck Vv 358 (explained as also by Halāyudha 2, 99 by kādamba, black goose). (Page 210)

2) Kāraṇḍava, 1 (of uncertain etym. , cp. karaṇḍa) chaff, offal, sweepings, fig. dirt, impurity: yava° A. IV, 169 (chaff); samaṇa° ibid.—In passage kāraṇḍavaṃ niddhamatha, kasambuṃ apakassatha A. IV, 172=Sn. 281=Miln. 414 translated by Rh. Davids Miln. trsl. II. 363 “get rid of filth, put aside rubbish from you, ” expl. SnA 311 by kacavara (q. v.). Rh. D’s note3 Loc. cit. is to be modified according to the parallel passages just given. (Page 210)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Karandava in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kāraṇḍava (कारंडव).—m S A drake or sort of duck. kāraṇḍavī f S The female.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Karandava in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव).—A sort of duck; Rām.7.31.21. Bhāg.8.2.16; तप्तं वारि विहाय तीरनलिनीं कारण्डवः सेवते (taptaṃ vāri vihāya tīranalinīṃ kāraṇḍavaḥ sevate) V.2.23.

Derivable forms: kāraṇḍavaḥ (कारण्डवः).

See also (synonyms): kāraṇḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव).—m. (in Pali chaff, rubbish; compare next), a kind of grain: Mahāvyutpatti 5669 = Tibetan sre da, a kind of corn; confirmed by context (list of cereals).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव).—mf. (-vaḥ-vī) A sort of duck. E. karaṇḍa Vallisneria, aṇ pleonastic aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव).—m. A sort of duck, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 27, 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव).—[masculine] a kind of duck.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव):—[from kāraṇḍa] m. = kāraṇḍa, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव):—[(vaḥ-vī)] 1. m. 3. f. A duck.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kāraṇḍava (कारण्डव):—m. eine Art Ente [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 34.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1341.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 179.] [Mahābhārata 3, 1535. 11579.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 27, 18. 103, 42. 3, 7, 3. 12, 14. 21, 12. 76, 15. 5, 55, 1. 6, 82, 72.] [Suśruta 1, 205, 12.] [Pañcatantra 158, 21. 159, 19.] [Vikramorvaśī 41.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati 6, 5.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 21, 43. 8, 15, 13.] — Vgl. karaṇḍa .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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