Parpati, aka: Parpaṭī; 2 Definition(s)


Parpati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

1) Parpaṭī (पर्पटी).—There is a class of medicine, called ‘parpati’. The mode of their preparation and application will be given in details in the chapter containing the treatment of chronic diarrhoea. Of these medicines, those named sarveshvara, vajra, vijaya, rasa, rasendra, sutendra, jivendra, etc. are the principal ones. These, if properly applied, cure all sorts of fevers.

2) Parpaṭī (पर्पटी) or Parpaṭīrasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). Pārvatīśaṅkara is an ayurveda treatment and should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (eg., parpaṭī-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

3) Parpaṭī (पर्पटी):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Kajjalī and Parpaṭī: Both of them are black sulphide of mercury. The difference between them is the way they are prepared. The preparation of Kajjalī does not involve heating while Parpati is obtained after heating Kajjalī. Parpaṭī is a rasa preparation. Purified mercury and sulphur are thoroughly mixed (triturating) to obtain Kajjalī. Later, prescribed ingredients mentioned in the formula are added one after the other by triturating and kept over fire in the vālukāyantra. Example: Pancāmrita-parpaṭī.

Source: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics (rasashastra)
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 5 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Parpaṭīrasa (पर्पटीरस) or simply Parpaṭī is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the four...
Āmaparpaṭī (आमपर्पटी) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Ra...
kajjalī (कज्जली).—f (S) Sulphuret of mercury, Ӕthiops mineral. 2 Medicaments levigated to an im...
Siddhauṣadhi (सिद्धौषधि):—These are sixty eight in number which are more than rasa (me...
Parp (पर्प्).—1 P. (parpati) To go, move.

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