Parpati, Parpaṭī: 6 definitions



Parpati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

1) Parpaṭī (पर्पटी) refers to a class of medicine, according to the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 3, grahaṇī: chronic diarrhoea). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Parpati medicine is to be taken only once a day, a little after sunrise. The dose on the first day is two raktis only. This is to be increased by one rakti a day, till it reaches the minimum of ten raktis on the 9th day. It should not be increased any more. This minimum dose of ten raktis a day is to be continued so long as the disease is not cured. Then; after the cure is effected, the dose of the medicine is to be reduced by one rakti a day, till it reaches one rakti; after which the medicine is to be stopped altogether.

2) Parpaṭī (पर्पटी) or Parpaṭīrasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in chapter2 (dealing with jvara: fever).—Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., parpaṭī-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

3) Parpaṭī (पर्पटी):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

Source: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics (rasashastra)

Kajjalī and Parpaṭī: Both of them are black sulphide of mercury. The difference between them is the way they are prepared. The preparation of Kajjalī does not involve heating while Parpati is obtained after heating Kajjalī. Parpaṭī is a rasa preparation. Purified mercury and sulphur are thoroughly mixed (triturating) to obtain Kajjalī. Later, prescribed ingredients mentioned in the formula are added one after the other by triturating and kept over fire in the vālukāyantra. Example: Pancāmrita-parpaṭī.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Parpaṭī (पर्पटी):—1. Thin flakes / wafers – a pharmaceutical dosage form where the materials will be made to melt over fire and sandwitched in between leaves 2. external impurities of mercury

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra

Parpaṭī (पर्पटी) refers to one of the various types of cakes mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “Cakes with feminine names are for using with mantra-consorts—cakes with feminine names are kamolī (?) cakes, parpaṭī cakes, and so forth.. [...] Among the cakes, offer those that are most highly prized and also of delicious taste when seeking higher accomplishments; as for those of secondary taste, they are for the other two families”.

When you wish to offer food [viz., parpaṭī cakes], first cleanse the ground, sprinkle scented water all around, spread out on the ground leaves that have been washed clean, such as lotus leaves, palāśa (dhak) leaves, and leaves from lactescent trees, or new cotton cloth, and then set down the oblatory dishes. [...] First smear and sprinkle the ground and then spread the leaves; wash your hands clean, rinse out your mouth several times, swallow some water, and then you should set down the food [viz., parpaṭī]. [...]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parpaṭī (पर्पटी):—[from parpaṭa > parp] f. a red-colouring Oldenlandia, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of fragrant earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a thin crisp cake ([probably] = m.), [Horace H. Wilson]

4) Parpaṭi (पर्पटि):—[from parp] m. (with rāja-putra) Name of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Parpaṭi (ಪರ್ಪಟಿ):—[noun] the fig tree Ficus virens ( = F. infectoria) of Moraceae family; five leaved fig tree.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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