Parpati, Parpaṭī: 4 definitions

Introduction

Parpati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

1) Parpaṭī (पर्पटी).—There is a class of medicine, called ‘parpati’. The mode of their preparation and application will be given in details in the chapter containing the treatment of chronic diarrhoea. Of these medicines, those named sarveshvara, vajra, vijaya, rasa, rasendra, sutendra, jivendra, etc. are the principal ones. These, if properly applied, cure all sorts of fevers.

2) Parpaṭī (पर्पटी) or Parpaṭīrasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). Pārvatīśaṅkara is an ayurveda treatment and should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (eg., parpaṭī-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

3) Parpaṭī (पर्पटी):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

Source: Academia.edu: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics (rasashastra)

Kajjalī and Parpaṭī: Both of them are black sulphide of mercury. The difference between them is the way they are prepared. The preparation of Kajjalī does not involve heating while Parpati is obtained after heating Kajjalī. Parpaṭī is a rasa preparation. Purified mercury and sulphur are thoroughly mixed (triturating) to obtain Kajjalī. Later, prescribed ingredients mentioned in the formula are added one after the other by triturating and kept over fire in the vālukāyantra. Example: Pancāmrita-parpaṭī.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra

Parpaṭī (पर्पटी) refers to one of the various types of cakes mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “Cakes with feminine names are for using with mantra-consorts—cakes with feminine names are kamolī (?) cakes, parpaṭī cakes, and so forth.. [...] Among the cakes, offer those that are most highly prized and also of delicious taste when seeking higher accomplishments; as for those of secondary taste, they are for the other two families”.

When you wish to offer food [viz., parpaṭī cakes], first cleanse the ground, sprinkle scented water all around, spread out on the ground leaves that have been washed clean, such as lotus leaves, palāśa (dhak) leaves, and leaves from lactescent trees, or new cotton cloth, and then set down the oblatory dishes. [...] First smear and sprinkle the ground and then spread the leaves; wash your hands clean, rinse out your mouth several times, swallow some water, and then you should set down the food [viz., parpaṭī]. [...]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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