Jacca, Jaccā: 5 definitions


Jacca means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha

Jacca (जच्च) (Prakrit) (in Sanskrit: Jātya) refers to the “highest purity (of gold)”, according to the 8th-century Kuvalayamālā written by Uddyotanasūri, a Prakrit Campū (similar to Kāvya poetry) narrating the love-story between Prince Candrāpīḍa and the Apsaras Kādambarī.—There is a reference to gold of highest purity (jacca-suvaṇṇa=jātya-suvarṇa). Whatever impurity or dross was contained in the gold brought to the goldsmith was removed by the latter by subjecting it to different processes of testing it on the touch-stone, cutting, heating under regulated fire, beating out into flat sheets, filing the sheets and the same process of beating it into a different shape, giving it a shape of round bar and dividing into several parts for final testing.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jacca : (adj.) (in cpds.), having such a birth. || jaccā = jātivā

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Jaccā, Instr. of jāti. (Page 277)

— or —

Jacca, (adj.) (jāti+tya) of birth, by birth (usually —°) M. II, 47 (ittara°. of inferior birth); Sn. p. 80 (kiṃ° of what birth, i.e. of what social standing); J. I, 342 (hīna° of low birth): Sdhp. 416 (id.) J. V, 257 (nihīna°); Miln. 189 (sama° of equal rank).

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jaccā (जच्चा):—(nf) a woman in post-delivery confinement; ~[khānā/ghara] maternity home; -[baccā] the new-born and the mother in confinement.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Jacca (जच्च) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Jātya.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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