Dvadashanta, Dvādaśānta: 3 definitions


Dvadashanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dvādaśānta can be transliterated into English as Dvadasanta or Dvadashanta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Dvadashanta in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Dvādaśānta (द्वादशान्त) refers to the Brahmarandhra or “apex of the End of the Twelve above the head”, according to variant manuscript editions of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—The Santānabhuvana is within the three peaks of Trikūṭa—Triple Peak mountain that is “on top of Himavat.” Himavat is the mind (manas) and the apex of the End of the Twelve (dvādaśānta) above the head. This is where the three peaks are located. The Kumārikākhaṇḍa confirms that Triple Peak mountain is in the End of the Twelve.

According to Ṭīkā [on the Manthānabhairavatantra?]:—“Everything arises out of the End of the Twelve [i.e., dvādaśānta] and merges (into it). [...] It is has many different names such as Supreme Void (parākāśa), the Cavity of Brahmā (brahmarandhra), the Abode of the Lord of the Fettered (paśunāthāśraya), the Plane of the Transmental (manonmanapada), Emission (visarga), the Foundation of Suṣumṇā (suṣuṃnādhāra), the End of the Twelve (dvādaśānta), the sacred seat of Yoga (yogapīṭha), and Samvartāmaṇḍala. There Bhairava is Kubjeśa and the form of the power (which is his consort) is Kubjikā who is surrounded by sixteen energies. What are these sixteen? They are (the vowels, beginning with the letter A and ending with visarga”.

Source: academia.edu: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga

Dvādaśānta (द्वादशान्त).—Rāghavabhaṭṭa identifies the dvādaśānta (a place at the distance of twelve fingers) as the brahmarandhra, the “opening of brahman”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of dvadashanta or dvadasanta in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Dvadashanta in Shaivism glossary
Source: academia.edu: The Śaiva Yogas and Their Relation to Other Systems of Yoga

Dvādaśānta (द्वादशान्त) refers to the “limit of twelve” and represents one of the sixteen types of “locus” or “support” (ādhāra) according to the Netratantra. These ādhāras are called so because they “support” or “localise” the self and are commonly identified as places where breath may be retained. They are taught in two different setups: according to the tantraprakriyā and according to the kulaprakriyā. Dvādaśānta belongs to the latter system.

There are two dvādaśāntas (“limits of twelve digits”) featuring prominently in esoteric Śaiva yoga, one being the nāsikya-dvādaśānta and the other being the śiva-dvādaśānta located twelve digits above the cranial aperture. This nāsikya-dvādaśānta (despite appearing to be derived from nāsā meaning “nose”) is explained by the Kashmirian exegetes—deriving nāsā from the root nasate in the sense of “crooked motion”—as being the same as the śakti-dvādaśānta in the cranial aperture (brahmarandhra). This may be because most the practices involve subtle breath control (sūkṣma-prāṇāyāma) and internal, upward exhalations (ūrdhvarecaka).

The “external” dvādaśānta (limit of twelve) (found also in Bhoja’s Rājamārtāṇḍa commentary to the Yogasūtra), sometimes called bāhya, where the coarse breath comes to rest (twelve digits below the nāsāgra), is called bhoga-dvādaśānta by Kṣemarāja, and it seems to feature only in preliminary purificatory practices.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of dvadashanta or dvadasanta in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

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