Dugdhika, Dugdhikā: 8 definitions



Dugdhika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Dugdhikā (दुग्धिका):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Dugdhikā (दुग्धिका) is a Sanskrit word referring to Euphorbia thymifolia (asthma plant), from the Euphorbiaceae (spurge) family. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It has the following Sanskrit synonyms: Raktabinducchadā, Laghudugdhī, Vikṣīriṇī and Payasyā. It als has many botanical synonyms, eg.: Anisophyllum thymifolium, Aplarina microphylla, Chamaesyce mauritiana and Euphorbia afzelii. It is an annual herb with reddish stems usually growing up to 20 centimeters in length. Its leaves are elliptic to oblong measuring 4-7 millimeters. The fruits are hairy capsules, about 1.5 millimeters long.

This plant (Dugdhikā) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dugdhikā (दुग्धिका).—A kind of plant, Asclepias (Mar. dudhī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dugdhikā (दुग्धिका).—f.

(-kā) A sort of Asclepias, (A rosea, Rox.) the Hindi derivative Dudhi, is also applied to Euphorbia hirta and thymifolia. E. dugdha milk, and ṭhan affix, and the feminine form; the leaves, &c. yielding a milky sap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dugdhikā (दुग्धिका):—[from dugdha] f. (written also dhīkā) a sort of Asclepias or Oxystelma Esculentum (med.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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