Payasya, Payasyā: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Payasya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Payasyā (पयस्या) is another name for Dugdhikā, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Euphorbia thymifolia (asthma plant), from the Euphorbiaceae (spurge) family. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Payasyā (पयस्या) is another name for Kṣīrakākolī, an unidentified plant, although similar to Kākolī (Roscoea purpurea), according to verse 3.28-29 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Payasyā and Kṣīrakākolī, there are a total of nine Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Payasyā (पयस्या) is also mentioned as a synonym for Kuṭumbinī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.78-80. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Payasyā and Kuṭumbinī, there are a total of twelve Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Payasyā (पयस्या) refers to the medicinal plant Fritillaria roylei Hook., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Payasyā] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant Fritillaria roylei Hook. (Payasyā) is also known as Kṣīrakākolī according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Payasyā (पयस्या) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Lilium pollyphylum D. Don” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning payasyā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā and Other Commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā

Payasyā (पयस्या) refers to either Arkapuṣpī in general, or Kṣīravidārī or Kṣīrakākolī, and is the name of a medicinal plant mentioned in the 7th-century Nirantarapadavyākhyā by Jejjaṭa (or Jajjaṭa): one of the earliest extant and, therefore, one of the most important commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā.—Note: Ḍalhaṇa has identified Payasyā with Arkapuṣpī in general, but sometimes also with Kṣīravidārī and Kṣīrakākolī, while others have at some places called it Kṣīriṇī.—(Cf. Glossary of Vegetable Drugs in Bṛhattrayī 238, Singh and Chunekar, 1999).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of payasya in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Payasya (पयस्य).—Son of the sage Aṅgiras. He had eight sons named Varuṇas. They were:—Bṛhaspati, Utathya. Payasya, Śānti, Ghora, Virūpa, Saṃvartta and Sudhanvā. (Śloka 130, Chapter 85, Anuśāsana Parva).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of payasya in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Payasya (पयस्य).—a.

1) Milky, made of milk.

2) Watery.

-syaḥ A cat.

-syā Curds.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Payasya (पयस्य).—mfn.

(-syaḥ-syā-syaṃ) 1. Made from milk, (curds, butter, cheese, &c.) 2. Relating to or connected with milk or water. 3. A cat. f.

(-syā) 1. A shrub, (Asclepias rosea.) 2. A medicinal kind of moon plant. 3. A drug: see kṣīrakākolī. 4. Curds of two milk whey. 5. Any plant yielding a milky sap, as the Euphorbia, the Asclepias, &c. E. payas milk, yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Payasya (पयस्य).—[adjective] made of milk; [feminine] syā curds.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Payasya (पयस्य):—[from paya] 1. payasya mfn. made of milk (as butter, cheese etc.), [Lāṭyāyana]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a cat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Aṅgiras, [Mahābhārata]

4) Payasyā (पयस्या):—[from payasya > paya] f. coagulated m°, curds (made by mixing sour with hot sweet m°), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; ???]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of sub voce plants (Gynandropsis Pentaphylla = kākolī, kuṭumbinī, dugdhikā etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Payasya (पयस्य):—[from paya] 2. payasya [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] syati, to flow, become liquid, ([gana] kaṇḍv-ādi);—[Ātmanepada] syate = next, [Pāṇini 3-1, 11], [vArttika] 1, [Patañjali]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Payasya (पयस्य):—[(syaḥ-syā-syaṃ) a.] Made from milk. (sya) f. Curds of two milk whey Asclepias; euphorbia; a drug.

[Sanskrit to German]

Payasya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of payasya in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Payasya (ಪಯಸ್ಯ):—[noun] any of the milk products as butter, curds, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of payasya in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: