Dhuta, aka: Dhūta; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dhuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Dhuta (धुत) refers to a specific ‘movement of the head’ (śiras), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The head is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used to perform certain gestures (āṅgika). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) One of the Nine Movements of the Heads. Dhuta (shaken): the head is turned to and fro from right to left and left to right. Usage: denial, looking repeatedy at things, condolence with others, astonishment, dismay, indifference, cold, fire, fear, first moment of drinking liquor, preparing for battle, rejection, impatience, glancing at one’s own limbs, summoning from both sides.

2) One of the Twenty-four Heads. Dhuta: moving the head slowly and regularly to and fro. Usage: an empty place, looking to one side, failing to find sympathy, astonishment, dismay, indifference, rejection.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Dhuta (धुत).—One of the thirteen gestures of the head;—Instructions: A slow movement of the head is called the Dhuta. (Uses): The Dhuta head is applicable in unwillingness, sadness, astonishment, confidence, looking side ways, emptiness and forbidding. (See the Nāṭyaśāstra 8-23)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Dhuta in Pali glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

dhuta : (pp. of dhunāti) shaken off; removed.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Dhūta, & Dhūtaṅga see dhuta. (Page 343)

— or —

Dhuta, (& Dhūta) (cp. Sk. dhuta & dhūta, pp. of dhunāti) 1. shaken, moved Dāvs.V, 49 (vāta°).—2. lit. “shaken off, ” but always expld in the commentaries as “one who shakes off” either cvil dispositions (kilese), or obstacles to spiritual progress (vāra, nīvaraṇa). The word is rare. In one constantly repeated passage (Vin.I, 45=305=II.2=III, 21=IV.213) it is an adj. opposed to kosajja lazy, remiss; and means either scrupulous or punctilious. At D.I, 5 it is used of a pain. At Sn.385 we are told of a dhutadhamma, meaning a scrupulous way of life, first for a bhikkhu, then for a layman. This poem omits all higher doctrine and confines itself to scrupulousness as regards minor, elementary matters. Cp. Vism.61 for a defn of dhuta.

—aṅga a set of practices leading to the state of or appropriate to a dhuta, that is to a scrupulous person First occurs in a title suffixed to a passage in the Parivāra deprecating such practices. The passage occurs twice (Vin.V, 131, 193), but the title, probably later than the text, is added only to the 2nd of the two. The passage gives a list of 13 such practices, each of them an ascetic practice not enjoined in the Vinaya. The 13 are also discussed at Vism.59 sq. The Milinda devotes a whole book (chap. VI, ) to the glorification of these 13 dhutaṅgas, but there is no evidence that they were ever widely adopted. Some are deprecated at M.I, 282, & examples of one or other of them are given at Vin.III, 15; Bu I.59; J.III, 342; IV, 8; Miln.133, 348, 351; Vism.59 (°kathā), 65 (°cora), 72 (id.), 80 (defn); SnA 494; DhA.I, 68; II, 32 (dhūtaṅga); IV, 30. Nd1 188 says that 8 of them are desirable. —dhara mindful of punctiliousness Miln.342 (āraññaka dh. jhāyin). —vata the vow to perform the dhutaṅgas DhA VI, 165. —vāda one who inculcates punctiliousness S.II, 156; A.I, 23; Miln.380; Vism.80; ThA.69; DhA.II, 30. —vādin= °vāda J.I, 130. (Page 342)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

dhūta (धूत).—p S Washed. 2 Scoured, cleared out, forcibly purged. 3 Agitated or shaken: also shaking or trembling.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhuta (धुत).—a.

1) Shaken; तीव्रवेगधुतमावृक्षया (tīvravegadhutamāvṛkṣayā) (tāḍakayā) R.11.16.

2) Left, abandoned.

3) Chastened; आत्मानं चेद्विजानीयात्परं ज्ञानधुताशयः (ātmānaṃ cedvijānīyātparaṃ jñānadhutāśayaḥ) Bhāg.7.15.4.

-ti f. Shaking, flapping; श्येनेयस्य बृहत्पतत्रधुतयः प्रख्यापयन्त्यागमम् (śyeneyasya bṛhatpatatradhutayaḥ prakhyāpayantyāgamam) Mv.5.1.

--- OR ---

Dhūta (धूत).—p. p. [dhū-kta]

1) Shaken.

2) Shaken off, removed.

3) Fanned.

4) Abandoned, deserted.

5) Reviled.

6) Judged.

7) Disregarded, treated with contempt.

-tā A wife.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhuta (धुत).—adj. and subst. (= Pali id.; as adj. rarely in Sanskrit, in comp. dhuta-pāpa, having purified his sin, BR), purified, got rid of (evil, as in Sanskrit); arahāṃ dhutakleśo Mv i.247.12; pure, of persons: buddhaṃ dhuta-janārcitaṃ Mv i.186.13; oftener (as also in Pali tho not clearly in- dicated in PTSD; compare dhutadhara, Childers dhutavata, and Aṅguttaranikāya (Pali) i.23.19 dhuta-vādānaṃ aggaṃ) = dhuta-guṇa (dhū°), -dharma (compare dhuta-dhara): āraṇya-dhutā- bhiyuktāḥ SP 310.3 (verse; compare Pali araññakaṅga, ār°); śikṣa dhutāṃś ca RP 30.15 (verse), the instructions and qualities of the purified man (Finot p. X strangely les exhortations!); dhuta-yāna (ms. dhuna°) deśita jinebhiḥ RP 27.17, the way of the dhuta(-guṇa), taught by the Jinas; tatra dhute satataṃ ca prayukto id. 18, in that dhuta(-guṇa)… (In SP 83.2 (verse) KN jīrṇapravṛddhaṃ dhutavedikaṃ ca, reporting Kashgar recension as jīrṇapravṛddhoddhṛtavedikaṃ ca; WT with ms. Ḱ jīrṇu pravṛddhoddhṛta°; certainly uddhṛta, not dhuta, must be intended.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dhuta (धुत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Abandoned, deserted, left. 2. Shaken, agitated, (as leaves by wind, &c.) E. dhu to shake, affix kta.

--- OR ---

Dhūta (धूत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Shaken, agitated. 2. Reproached, reviled. 3. Abandoned, deserted. 4. Judged, discriminated. f.

(-tā) A wife. E. dhū to shake, &c. affix kta; this root also forms dhūna with the same aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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