Dhuta, aka: Dhūta; 7 Definition(s)
Dhuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Dhuta (धुत) refers to a specific ‘movement of the head’ (śiras), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The head is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used to perform certain gestures (āṅgika). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) One of the Nine Movements of the Heads. Dhuta (shaken): the head is turned to and fro from right to left and left to right. Usage: denial, looking repeatedy at things, condolence with others, astonishment, dismay, indifference, cold, fire, fear, first moment of drinking liquor, preparing for battle, rejection, impatience, glancing at one’s own limbs, summoning from both sides.
2) One of the Twenty-four Heads. Dhuta: moving the head slowly and regularly to and fro. Usage: an empty place, looking to one side, failing to find sympathy, astonishment, dismay, indifference, rejection.(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Dhuta (धुत).—One of the thirteen gestures of the head;—Instructions: A slow movement of the head is called the Dhuta. (Uses): The Dhuta head is applicable in unwillingness, sadness, astonishment, confidence, looking side ways, emptiness and forbidding. (See the Nāṭyaśāstra 8-23)(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Languages of India and abroad
dhuta : (pp. of dhunāti) shaken off; removed.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Dhūta, & Dhūtaṅga see dhuta. (Page 343)
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Dhuta, (& Dhūta) (cp. Sk. dhuta & dhūta, pp. of dhunāti) 1. shaken, moved Dāvs.V, 49 (vāta°).—2. lit. “shaken off, ” but always expld in the commentaries as “one who shakes off” either cvil dispositions (kilese), or obstacles to spiritual progress (vāra, nīvaraṇa). The word is rare. In one constantly repeated passage (Vin.I, 45=305=II.2=III, 21=IV.213) it is an adj. opposed to kosajja lazy, remiss; and means either scrupulous or punctilious. At D.I, 5 it is used of a pain. At Sn.385 we are told of a dhutadhamma, meaning a scrupulous way of life, first for a bhikkhu, then for a layman. This poem omits all higher doctrine and confines itself to scrupulousness as regards minor, elementary matters. Cp. Vism.61 for a defn of dhuta.
—aṅga a set of practices leading to the state of or appropriate to a dhuta, that is to a scrupulous person First occurs in a title suffixed to a passage in the Parivāra deprecating such practices. The passage occurs twice (Vin.V, 131, 193), but the title, probably later than the text, is added only to the 2nd of the two. The passage gives a list of 13 such practices, each of them an ascetic practice not enjoined in the Vinaya. The 13 are also discussed at Vism.59 sq. The Milinda devotes a whole book (chap. VI, ) to the glorification of these 13 dhutaṅgas, but there is no evidence that they were ever widely adopted. Some are deprecated at M.I, 282, & examples of one or other of them are given at Vin.III, 15; Bu I.59; J.III, 342; IV, 8; Miln.133, 348, 351; Vism.59 (°kathā), 65 (°cora), 72 (id.), 80 (defn); SnA 494; DhA.I, 68; II, 32 (dhūtaṅga); IV, 30. Nd1 188 says that 8 of them are desirable. —dhara mindful of punctiliousness Miln.342 (āraññaka dh. jhāyin). —vata the vow to perform the dhutaṅgas DhA VI, 165. —vāda one who inculcates punctiliousness S.II, 156; A.I, 23; Miln.380; Vism.80; ThA.69; DhA.II, 30. —vādin= °vāda J.I, 130. (Page 342)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
dhūta (धूत).—p S Washed. 2 Scoured, cleared out, forcibly purged. 3 Agitated or shaken: also shaking or trembling.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Shaken; तीव्रवेगधुतमावृक्षया (tīvravegadhutamāvṛkṣayā) (tāḍakayā) R.11.16.
2) Left, abandoned.
3) Chastened; आत्मानं चेद्विजानीयात्परं ज्ञानधुताशयः (ātmānaṃ cedvijānīyātparaṃ jñānadhutāśayaḥ) Bhāg.7.15.4.
-ti f. Shaking, flapping; श्येनेयस्य बृहत्पतत्रधुतयः प्रख्यापयन्त्यागमम् (śyeneyasya bṛhatpatatradhutayaḥ prakhyāpayantyāgamam) Mv.5.1.
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Dhūta (धूत).—p. p. [dhū-kta]
2) Shaken off, removed.
4) Abandoned, deserted.
7) Disregarded, treated with contempt.
-tā A wife.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 10 books and stories containing Dhuta or Dhūta. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
The Bhikkhus Rules (by Bhikkhu Ariyesako)
Alms Food < [Chapter 3 - Possessions And Offerings]
Lodgings < [Chapter 3 - Possessions And Offerings]
Offering Edibles < [Chapter 3 - Possessions And Offerings]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Bodhisattva quality 8: having renounced greed and ambition < [Chapter X - The Qualities of the Bodhisattvas]
V. The knowledge of the aspirations of beings (nānādhimukti-jñānabala) < [Part 2 - The ten powers in particular]
Bhūmi 4: the ground of fiery wisdom (arciṣmati) < [Chapter XX - (2nd series): Setting out on the Mahāyāna]
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
Part 4 - The Ancient Indian Drama in Practice < [Introduction, part 1]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)