Cana, Caṇa, Caña: 17 definitions


Cana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaṇa.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Caṇa (चण) refers to a “chick-pea”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 6.15cd-18]—“[...] Someone with a diminished body quickly becomes nourished through an oblation of chick-pea sized (caṇa-mātrācaṇamātrayā) pellets of the resin of the guggula tree [that have been] oiled three times in strict religious observance. When a man is seen to be afflicted with 100 diseases [and] weak, [he] is released [when the Mantrin] envelops his name [with the mṛtyuñjaya mantra] and recites [it]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Cana in India is the name of a plant defined with Crotalaria retusa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Lupinus cochinchinensis Lour. (among others).

2) Cana is also identified with Cicer arietinum It has the synonym Ononis crotalarioides Coss. (etc.).

3) Cana in Latin America is also identified with Arundo donax It has the synonym Aira bengalensis (Retz.) J.F. Gmel. (etc.).

4) Cana in Mexico is also identified with Sorghum bicolor It has the synonym Andropogon saccharatus (L.) Raspail, nom. illeg., non Andropogon saccharatus (L.) Roxb. (etc.).

5) Cana in South America is also identified with Saccharum officinarum It has the synonym Saccharum officinarum var. otaheitensa Hassk., nom. illeg., non Saccharum officinarum var. otaheitense Roem. & Schult. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Kew Bulletin (1938)
· A Revised Handbook of the Flora of Ceylon (1991)
· Publications of the Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical series (1937)
· Sylloge Plantarum Novarum (1828)
· Species Plantarum
· Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon (1900)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Cana, for example health benefits, chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cana : a particle used to express a portion of a whole: kudācana, sometimes

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cana, (-°) (Vedic cana fr. rel. pron. *qǔo+demonstr. pron. *no, cp. anā, nānā; Gr. rή; Lat.—ne in quandone=P. kudācana. cana=Goth. hun, Ohg. gin, Ger. ir-gen-d. Cp. ci) indef. particle “like, as if,” added to rel. or interrog. pronouns, as kiñcana anything, kudācana at any time, etc. Cp. ca & ci. (Page 261)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caṇā (चणा).—m (caṇaka S) Gram, Cicer arietinum. caṇyācē jhāḍāvara caḍhaviṇēṃ To puff up; to inflate by flattery.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

caṇā (चणा).—m Gram, Cicer arietinum. caṇyācē jhāḍāvara caḍhaviṇēṃ To puff up; to inflate by flattory.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caṇa (चण).—a. (At the end of comp.) Renowned, celebrated, skilled in, famous for; तेन वित्तश्चुञ्चुप्चणपौ (tena vittaścuñcupcaṇapau) Sk.; अक्षरचणः रामोऽपि मायाचणमस्त्रचुञ्चुः (akṣaracaṇaḥ rāmo'pi māyācaṇamastracuñcuḥ) Bhaṭṭikāvya 2.32; अन्येनाखिलपापकर्षणचणां रुद्राक्षमालामपि (anyenākhilapāpakarṣaṇacaṇāṃ rudrākṣamālāmapi) Rām. Ch.2.87.

-ṇaḥ The chick-pea.

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Cana (चन).—ind. Not, not also, even not; आपश्चन प्र मिनाति व्रतं वाम् (āpaścana pra mināti vrataṃ vām) Ṛgveda 2.24.12; (not used by itself, but found used in combination with the pronoun kim or its derivatives, such as kad, kathaṃ, kva, kadā, kutaḥ to which it imparts an indefinite sense; see under kim). Note:-- Some regard चन (cana) to be not a separate word, but a combination of च (ca) and न (na).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cana (चन).—ind. A particle affixed to certain words, giving them an indefinite signification, as kadā when, kadācana some, when, at sometime, kaḥ who, kaścana some one; see cit E. kan to sound, affix ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caṇa (चण).—and caṇaka caṇa + ka, m. Chick-pea, Mahābhārata 13, 5468; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 148.

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Cana (चन).—[ca-na], A particle used after derivatives of the interrogative pronoun kim, in order to make them indefinite; see katham, kadā, kim, kutas, kva.

— Cf. [Gothic.] -hun, e. g. hvar-hun, whenever.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caṇa (चण).—[adjective] known, famous (—°), [abstract] tva [neuter]; [masculine] = seq.

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Cana (चन).—(also ca na) [indeclinable] also not, even (not), (not) even, nor; in [later language] usually with another negation & only after an interrog. which it makes indefin., e.[grammar] na kaścana not any one = none, na kva cana not anywhere = nowhere.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caṇa (चण):—mfn. ifc. ([Pāṇini 5-2, 26]; = cañcu) renowned or famous for, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan viii, 195]

2) m. the chick-pea, [Mahābhārata xiii, 5468] (cf. akṣara-, kathā-, cāra-, māyā-).

3) Cana (चन):—ind. (ca na, [Sāma-veda]) and not, also not, even not, not even (this particle is placed after the word to which it gives force; a preceding verb is accentuated [Pāṇini 8-1, 57]; in Vedic language it is generally, but not always, found without any other [negative] particle, whereas in the later language another [negative] is usually added e.g. āpaś canapra minanti vrataṃ vāṃ, ‘not even the waters violate your ordinance’ [Ṛg-veda ii, 24, 12]; nāha vivyāca pṛthivī canainaṃ, ‘the earth even does not contain him’, iii, 36, 4; in class. Sanskṛt it is only used after the interrogatives ka, katara, katama, katham, kad, kadā, kim, kutas, kva, making them indefinite), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc. also, [Ṛg-veda i, 139, 2; vi, 26, 7; viii, 78, 10.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cana (चन):—ind. Some, as kadā-cana somewhen, at some time.

[Sanskrit to German]

Cana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Canā (चना) [Also spelled chana]:—(nm) gram; -[cabainā] parched gram and allied grains; poor people’s diet.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Caṇa (चण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Caṇaka.

Caṇa has the following synonyms: Caṇaa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Caṇa (ಚಣ):—

1) [noun] a measure of time equal to forty eight seconds.

2) [noun] a very short period of time; moment; an instant.

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Caṇa (ಚಣ):—[noun] a man capable of; an able man.

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Cana (ಚನ):—

1) [noun] the annual plant Cicer arietinum of Papilionaceae family; chicken pea plant.

2) [noun] its edible pea; chicken pea.

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Cāṇa (ಚಾಣ):—[noun] a wedge-shaped hand tool with a sharp blade for cutting or shaping stone; a chisel.

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Cāna (ಚಾನ):—[noun] = ಚಾಣ [cana].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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